It challenging times as a significant theme. Martel

It is an allegory that revolves around the determination to live and survive in the challenging times as a significant theme. Martel uses the narrator in the life of Pi to show the audience that whatever life gives, it is essential to make the best out of it. Richard Parker who turns out to be the Bengal tiger is used to represent the actual tiger, a hunter who is hunted. Figurative language is also well used such as personification of zebras, hyena and tiger that gives them human-like features. More so, Martel uses the simile to provide similarity between two different things. For instance, he shows that the sound of a sinking ship is similar to “a monstrous metallic burp”. Additionally, hyperbole is used to add more drama and interest in the story about Pi on the lifeboat. For example, in defining the weight loss of Richard, he said the tiger’s body was a skeleton covered with a large sack of fur. The choice of the island is used for botanical discovery, to give an insight into religion and survival. Martel uses the life of Pi to extent fantasy about man and animals. The shipwrecked inhabitants on the small lifeboat no only submit to the insurmountable odds but struggle to find the way out. They do not succumb to their fate but identifies the will to survive the ordeal (Squire, 225). For example, Pi changes his diet from vegetable to consumption of fish to keep on living, a habit he has never had in his healthy life. Another excellent illustration of the will to survive involves the fight of peaceful orangutan and orange juice against the hungry hyena. The wounded zebra high hopes to journey on with life is a perfect indicator of determination to survive despite the immense agony from the wound. In fact, it is the unique aspect of living things to find the means to survive in life-threatening circumstances and emerge as heroes. The threat of extinction triggered the blind Frenchman and the Hyena to turn into cannibals, a shameful and barbaric act. The narrative also supports the critical decisions people make in life or death circumstances to gain freedom and see another day life. According to Pi, such choices are justifiable because they are meant for self-good (Frastica, p.7). The 227 days living on the sea is an indication of the battle for survival that left Pi a stand-alone victim as the other perished. It is the vicious personality of Pi is what led to his survival. Survival is also marked with the ability to control territory. Boundaries define the territorial dominance of every species. For instance, Pi says, “a family dog protects its bed from intruders as if it were a lair” (Da Cunha, p.235), living creatures own their space as their survival habitats. As a result, Pi marked his territory in the lifeboat to enable him to survive; he uses urine and the Whistle to refrain Richard Parker from intruding into his area. Creating borders also promotes the cordial relationship between the man and the beast.    The determination to survive also involves overcoming hunger and thirsty. The lifeboat is surrounded by plenty of water and seafood, but Pi is unable to drink the water because it is salty. It is difficult for Pi to hunt for shellfish and get fresh water free of salt. As a wakeup call, he devises the use of solar stills and craft to get drinking water and fish. In fact, the transition of Pi from a vegetarian to a raw meat eater is an adaptation to a new life. Additionally, Pi participates in various religion, that is, Hindu, Catholic, and Muslim. Religious pluralism of Pi is a worldview that Martel uses to communicate issues of trust, hope and faith in religion. For example, truth emanates from making a belief a reality, however, in the Life of Pi, Kumar gives an alternative thought about truth, according to Kumar, the fact believes in the self-sense of experience (p.27). He maintains his hope high by believing in God during emotional stress. It is through loving support and faith in God that Pi overcomes physical, psychological and emotional challenges. Pi finds that the three religions are similar despite the fundamental differences that exist between them (p.69). Following his father’s advice concerning the danger of wild animals such as the Hyena (Allen, p.965), Pi lives in constant fear but later identifies the means to survive among them. The narrator says, “To choose doubt as a philosophy of life is akin to choosing immobility as a means of transportation.” He takes a life-changing decision to overcome terror as the only way to escape. He concurs fear of dying and look for food supplies. Pi establishes a peaceful relationship with the tiger. It a significant revelation about life, living in fear makes the progress of life stagnant. In fact, Pi believes “fear is the life’s only true opponent” (Martel, p.13). The heroic nature of Pi from the desperate situation on the lifeboat and overcoming the death of his family is an awakening strength to face the reality of life. However, the death of his mother still lingers in his mind even during the birthday periods. To commemorate her, he sends birthday wishes to the mother who passed on a long time ago. It reveals that despite moving on with life, human beings hold on to some painful experiences, a true picture when the narrator says, “When you’ve suffered a great deal in life, each additional pain is both unbearable and trifling,” a revelation about life sadness.?