Kleptomaniac patients should learn toeducate themselves in order to control or prevent themselves from involving inunwanted behavior or act. It is important to learn about kleptomania so that theycan better understand risk factors, treatments and triggering events. Identifyingmoments, situations, thoughts or feelings that may trigger urges to steal soyou can take steps to manage or prevent them from happening them.
By getting a clear view about the risk factorsin kleptomania, it will be easier to cope with the disease itself. For example,let’s take the case of Megan Fox who has been caught in 2008 for the act of shopliftinga $7 lip gloss in a Walmart Store. Believe it or not, that incident had madeMegan Fox to be banned from Walmart for her entire life. Well the funny partwas the item was so cheap that she can afford to buy it but then she chooses tosteal it instead. “Maybe she is a kleptomaniac, maybe it just a moment ofthrill. Nevertheless, it was enough for her to make the kleptomaniac list” (Famous Kleptomaniacs, 2015). To be caught in a public place for shopliftingis a big shame.
Thus, by knowing the consequences of stealing or shoplifting, willmake kleptomaniac person control their urge as they will be terrified of theresults. In addition to that, kleptomaniacs can find healthy outlets such as pottery,ceramics (art), exercise, therapy, support groups, dance, meditation and yoga. Exploreas many healthy ways to divert urges to steal or shoplift through exercise andrecreational activities and others. Learning relaxation and stress managementtechnique like meditation, yoga or tai chi may help to reduce the symptoms andcauses of kleptomania such as hands trembling, anxiety and mood disorder. A fewminutes of practice per day can help ease anxiety. “Research suggests thatdaily meditation may alter the brain’s neural pathways, making you moreresilient to stress,” (Hartman, n.d.).
Always remember tostay focused on your goal. Setting goals gives long-term vision and short-termmotivation. It focuses on learning and development of knowledge, and helpsorganize time and resources so that you can achieve the very most of your lifeto control the addiction of kleptomania.
Recovery from kleptomania can taketime. Always remember that slow and steady wins the race. Keep in mind yourrecovery goals and do your best to restore relationships with spouse and familymembers, financial and legal problems. There are variety of therapies that have beenused to treat this disorder. Counselling or therapy in a group or one-to-one sessioncan be very helpful. By communicating with kleptomaniac patient,psychotherapist can come up with plenty of idea on how to cure the disorder asthey have better view to diagnose the specific patient. It is usually aimed atdealing with underlying psychological problems that may be contributing tokleptomania.
It may also include behavior therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and reality therapy. Behavioraltherapy also known as behavior modification, is a therapeutic approach where aperson’s behavior and reactions are influenced by positive and negativethoughts. Simple examples of positive and negative thoughts are by providingcompliments or encouragement, and stopping or avoiding several behavior’s. Whereas,Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy or better known as systemic desensitization is aform of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how wefeel and what we do (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, n.d.). Reality Therapy is based on a concept calledChoice Theory (originally called Control Theory). Another therapy that caughtmany psychotherapist attentions was the reality therapy which is a particularapproach in psychotherapy and counseling.
Reality therapy was developed byWilliam Glasser, a psychiatrist. Glasser believes that people who are behavingin inappropriate ways do not need help to find a defense for their behavior.Instead, they need help to acknowledge their behavior as being inappropriate andthen to learn how to act in a more logical and productive manner. Realitytherapy attempts to help people control the world around them more effectivelyso that they are better able to satisfy their needs (Reality Therapy, n.d.).
Another therapy that helps to treat this disorder is the covertsensitization, a type of aversion therapy, also known by the name verbalaversion therapy. This perspective is normally used on patients with addiction,self-destructive behaviors, desires, and habits such as kleptomania. In simplewords, Covert sensitization is a form of behaviortherapy in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an unpleasant image inorder to eliminate that behavior (Covert sensitization, n.d.). For example, the patient is taught how to relax as relaxing is an importantprogenitor to generating intense imagery.
The patient is then made to imagineapproaching the situation where the undesirable behavior occurs (for example,going to shop for shoplifting). If the patient unable to imagine the scene, the image can be presented orallyby the therapist. As the patient imagines getting closer to the situation(shop), he or she is asked to clearly imagine an unpleasant consequence (suchas a scene where he/she get caught by police during shoplifting and wassurrounded by a large crowd taking video or pictures) just before indulging in the undesirable behavior(shoplifting). The scene must be imagined deeply so that a sense ofphysiological discomfort or high level of anxiety is experienced. Then thepatient imagines leaving the situation and experiencing considerable relief.
The patient learns to associate unpleasant sensations (get caught by police)with the undesirable behavior, leading to decreased desire and avoidance of thesituation in the future. On thewhole it can be concluded that kleptomania is an impulsive control disorderwhich makes a kleptomaniac person to have the sense or urge to steal items whichis considered to be inappropriate behavior. This might lead to creating manyrisk situation and problems in the life of kleptomaniac person. Having an impulsive control disorder makes kleptomaniacperson to have hardship in resisting the temptation or drive. By accomplishingthose inappropriate behavior or act, most of them have the probability orchances to get caught and live in shades of embarrassment and dismay.
For instance,by taking the life story of Lindsay Lohan that made headlines after beingarrested for reportedly stealing a necklace from a jewelry store, which landedher in jail (21 Celebrities Who Have Been Caught Shoplifting, n.d.) . It is better to seek for medicalattention and cure this disorder as soon as they find it out.
This will helpthem to control the negative consequences and live a better upstanding life