Logic revolves around people’s lives, where it starts from life itself. We depend on logic to make daily assumptions and reasoning.
People make connections subconsciously between things in order to achieve understanding. However, there is many times where people would breach the law of logic without knowing it. Life is an example of logical relationship causality; for instance, often time, people assume that due to event A, event B happened. This showcases a type of proposition logic. However, it is an error to make such causal assumption, as sometimes, it could simply be a correlation of events rather than causal. As logic has to be used in certain way, it should be complying in order to have a successful logic. Appeal to authority, emotional appeal, faulty statistics, straw man, false dilemma are some of the many examples of faulty argumentation.
Bandwagon fallacy is the appeal to common belief. This logic focuses on the influence or opinions of the society on individuals subconsciously or consciously. For instance, the first type of bandwagon fallacy is that if an individual accepts the opinion, they would follow the majority. This type is one of the least faulty types of bandwagon; the individuals use their power to understand the trends and opinions before making the decision. The second is that if one disagrees with the idea, oppression against the majority would occur.
This reasoning is when people believe in their own opinions, rejecting to accept the opinions of the majority. The third is that one would simply follow the majority with no much persuasion. In this type, there are two categories, namely individuality and conformity. For individuality, one feels that they do not have own opinions, hence following the herd. And as for conformity, since one is unable to make own decisions, it is better to conform to the society. The other example is the fallacy of Hasty Generalization, where it is an error of jumping into conclusions. This logic error means that the conclusion of the first event would generate another event.
For instance, Mary does not speak Spanish. John does not speak Spanish. Thomas does not speak Spanish. Therefore, it can be concluded that nobody can speak Spanish in Pasadena City College.
This fallacy happens when generalization is made too quickly with little evidences to back up the conclusion.