Manjit Singh803231Geography 100(1)Gosia Bryja22 November 2017 TheImpacts of Environmental Degradation Industrial development is the growth ofindustries in different areas of the world. It includes many industries like textile,steel, iron, food, paper and agricultural industries. It is developing all overthe world from core regions to periphery regions. The main cause for itsincline is to facilitates people lives by providing goods related to theirdaily necessities. where it provides facilities to people, there it also leadsto environmental degradation by causing water pollution, air pollution, and deforestation.
Industrial development causes water pollution. “Industrial wastes are considered as majorpollutants of both air and water” (Erskine 623). “Water pollution isthe contamination of water by sewage, toxic chemicals, metals, oils, or other substances”(Richmond par22). Notably, water is necessity of life used for variouspurposes like drinking, washing, and irrigation. We use water for cooking food,if its get polluted we are unable to clean and cook food which results indeficiency of food.
furthermore, many farmers depend on natural reservoirs forirrigation purpose and get affected with polluted water as their fields soilbecome less fertile. Due to polluted water many people unable to get freshwater “According to the World Health Organization, nearly one-sixth of theworld’s people have no access to safe drinking water.” (Richmond par 22). Mostof the fresh water we get from natural reservoirs. Industries have lot ofwastage like harmful chemicals, dirty water, garbage which are continuouslyrelease in fresh water lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
There are seven majorindustries which contribute in water pollution listed as chemicalindustry, oil industry, electric power industry, steel industry, pulp and paperindustry, Auto manufactures, rubber industry (Erskine 624). These industries affect the fertility of waterand species living in it like marine life very much affected with it. Manyspecies of marine have extinct today and some are on edge of end “Some waste,such as oil, industrial acids, or farm pesticides, poisons aquatic plants andanimals. Chemical and oil spills can causedevastating water pollution that kills water birds, shellfish, and otherwildlife”(Richmond par24).
Also, it causes fungus or bacteria on surface ofwater an creates many diseases “Polluted and contaminated water can causewaterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, malaria, amoebiasis, anddysentery (3—5)” (Malik 39). Diseases results in illness and death that impactsthe human habitat. Industrial development has negative impacton air as well. Air pollution, “the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of anyair contaminant in quantities that may cause discomfort to or endanger thehealth or safety of persons, or that may cause injury or damage to property orto plant or animal life.”(Jephcott 235).
As industries are growing day byday, causes more air pollution in environment “Industrial wastes are consideredas major pollutants of both air and water” (Erskine 623). Air is one of theessential substance for human as well as plants for their survival. Humans andanimals need oxygen produce by plants for respiration and plants need carbondioxide release by humans and other species. However, gases from theseindustries harm this circle which can responsible environment degradation.
Industries continuously affects the air by emitting hazardous gases like carbondioxide, carbon monoxide by burning out raw material. Sometimes due to leakageof gases from industries causes a lot ofdeath “In 1984, a leak of poisonousgas from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, killed about3,000 people and caused serious injuries to about 50,000 (see Bhopaldisaster)Richmond par 34)..Furthermore,These gases rise the temperature of the earth and causes global warming thatresults in melting of glaciers “The increase in temperature, called global warming,may cause many problems. A strong greenhouse effect could melt glaciers andArctic ice, flooding coastalareas. It could also shift rainfall patterns, leading to more droughts.In addition, global warming may lead to more extreme weather conditions” (Richmondpar19).
Also, animals living in Iceland get affected with the decrease ofglaciers. Moreover, global warming also affects historical building. ‘Taj Mahal’in India, which is originally white in color but get affected by these impuregases which slowly turns it marble yellow in color.
Industries that responsiblefor air pollution are chemical industry, oil industry, electric power industry,steel industry, pulp and paper industry, Auto manufactures, rubber industry(Erskine 624). In addiction, “Air pollution alsocauses a variety of health problems, such as asthma andother lung diseases and coronary artery disease.According to the World Health Organization,about 3 million people die each year as a result of air pollution”(Richmond par9). Industrial development also causesdeforestation.
As population of world and industries increasedemand for more useable land also rise. People need more land for buildingindustries to produce more for growing population. Due to that, many forest arecut down to make more land for their settlements “demand for goods byindustrialized countries is often a driver of deforestation. Innineteenth-century Brazil, large areas were deforested in order to plant coffeeto be sold in the world marketplace.” (Thiemann par10). Agriculture industriesacquires a lot of forest land to grow more crops like wheat, rice, maize,timber “Industrialized countries have limited the impact of deforestation ontheir own countries, but their increasing demand for forest products,especially timber, has led to the continuing deforestation of tropicalcountries.” (Thiemann par 7).
deforestation impacts the environment in manyways “Clearing of forests without suitable replanting decreases timbersupplies, often leads to potential degradation of the soil and water, reducesspecies diversity, and may contribute to long-term climate change. In addition,there are often negative impacts on indigenous populations who are forced tomove or subsist on substandard land” (Thiemann par 11). Cutting down of treesaffects the fertility of soil responsible for less production, less rainfall, drought,and low water level.
moreover, deforestation also biodiversity of area like extinctionof many species and plants. Our ecosystem get unbalance as some speciescompletely dependent on each other for their food. hence, all these factors leadto degradation of natural environment in forests. In conclusion, industrial development byhumans are responsible for water pollution, air pollution and deforestationcontinuously impact the living standard of species of plants and animals bypolluting their natural habitant. however, these problems can be solving down withthe less development of industries which harm the environment and by using therecycle, reuse, and reduce process. BibliographyErskine, Hazel. “The Polls:Pollution and Industry.” Public Opinion Quarterly, vol.
36, no. 2, 1972,p. 263. Edb, EBSCOhost, ezproxy.columbiacollege.bc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.
com/login.aspx?direct=true=edb=5414766=eds-live.Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.Jephcott, C. M. “Air PollutionActivities in Ontario.” Vol.
51, no. 6, 1960, pp. 235–239.,www.
jstor.org/stable/41981730. Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.Malik, A., et al. “Water-BorneDiseases, Cost of Illness and Willingness to Pay for Diseases Interventions inRural Communities of Developing Countries.” Iranian Journal of Public Health,vol.
41, no. 6, June 2012, pp. 39–49. Ccm, EBSCOhost, ezproxy.columbiacollege.
bc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true=ccm=104467450=eds-live.Accessed 22 Nov. 2017Richmond, Martha E. “Environmentalpollution.
” World Book Student, World Book,2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar182428. Accessed 22 Nov.2017.Theilmann, John M.”Deforestation.
” Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, Salem Press, 2013.Ers, ezproxy.columbiacollege.
com/login.aspx?direct=true=ers=89474630=eds-live.Accessed 22 Nov. 2017.