Mao and Hitler was downright hated and an

Mao Zedong

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“The evaluation of a
leader’s impact is the leadership of the generations that follow him.”

-Unknown

Chairman Mao is the most influential man in all of history

Mao Zedong was born the son of a reasonably well off
peasant. During the most formative phase of Mao’s young life, the Chinese
republic was a sham, with the real power focused largely in the provinces and
concentrated in the hands of local military leaders. Learning about the
revolution led by Sun Zhongshan in newspapers, the young Mao joined the revolutionary
troops. From then on, Mao became actively involved in spreading communism
across China, he founding the newspaper Xiang River Review, initiated a
Socialist Youth Corps and a Cultural Book Society that made political writings
available to the people. Mao’s contribution to the communist cause earned him
one of the twelve spots at the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in
May 1921.

Mao’s prodest moments

Mao Zedong is the superior leader of the three that will be
looked at in the debate because to put it very simply: Mao was loved and
worshiped by the people of China, while Stalin was feared in Russia and Hitler
was downright hated and an enormous source of embarrassment for the German
people. All three leaders ruled tightly over their region and all three leaders
established and maintained a “cult like image” but, as we look back on Mao’s
reign his people still view him with honour and respect. There is an enormous
portrait of Chairman Mao in Tiananmen Square. The largest portrait, at the most
influential landmark, in the capital city, of the most economically prosperous
country in the world proudly displays the face of Mao Zedong. The idea of a
portrait of Adolf Hitler atop Brandenburg Gate is downright offensive and it is
literally illegal. Strafgesetzbuch section 86a of German Law outlaws “use
of symbols of unconstitutional organizations” including but not limited
too “art or science, research or teaching”. This is directed
specifically at Nazism. Whereas there in China to this day, China continues to
spend money on maintaining Mao’s corpse in the Mausoleum (or Maosoleum if you will) where he now lies.

The reasoning for Mao’s glorification is simple. Mao Zedong
is the George Washington figure of China. He fulfilled similar tasks of both
Lenin and Stalin combined in his lifetime. In a time where dictatorial rule had
been the status quo for the preceding 3000 years, Mao’s Communist Party of
China was the first real government to gain the backing of all of China. Mao
re-established China, freed them from stagnant dictatorial rule, similarly to
George Washington in the United States. He then carried on to Implement
communism as Lenin spent his entire lifetime accomplishing. Finally, he was
able to implement communism just at Stalin did. George Washington, Vladimir
Lenin, and Joseph Stalin are all leaders who are idolised and revered in their
respective countries for their individual contributions. Mao Zedong executed
the same tasks, achieved the same end goal. Though the numbers may not be as
clean as it certainly did not come without sacrifice but Mao stuck to his
philosophy of “defeating the enemy has a higher importance then the well being
of its citizens”.

Finally, as most of the previous exmaples have been very theroretical
and based in opinion, there were lots of objective sucessess in Mao’s campain. The
victory of the Chinese Civil War (1927-1950) was a major accomplishment of Chairman
Mao and the entire CPP. After Sun Zhongshan died in 1925 a man named Jiang
Jieshi took power in China, who throughout his rule became increasingly oppressive
to peasnts and workers. Mao responded by ralying to the cry of the peasants in
the first stage of the Chinese Civil War (1927-1937) where the CPP fought
against Chiang Kai-shek’s People’s Liberation Army or PLA. The PLA wanted to
root out any remaining communism in China, eventually surrounding the
communists and cutting off food and water supply. Mao initiated the Long March,
where the CPP marched to a base in the northern province of Shaanxi. This retreat,
though the communst party suffered heavy casualities allowed they preserved
their ideals and their cause grew stronger. Mao and Chiang did unite for a brief
time to fight aginst the Japanese who were invading Manchuria. Mao and the CPP
essentially fought off the Japanese on their own with little legitmate aid from
the PLA, this greatly strengthened the public view of Mao and the CPP in China
and allowed them to eventually defeat the PLA and declaire the Peoples Republic
of China in 1949.

Mao’s Scandals

Mao Zedong like all rulers had his warts, in Mao’s case
those warts come in the form of 70 million dead and a handful of economic
disasters. Starting with the great leap forward. It was a continuation of Mao’s
Five Year Plan and a direct follow up to the Hundred Flowers Campaign. Mao had
a the benefit of coming after Lenin and Stalin so he was able to implement the
parts of their communist societies that he liked. Mao understood that the Five
Year Plans were an esseitnal part to revitalising the economy and fueling
communism on the global stage thorough collectivization. Mao thought “hoochi-mama”
and concluded that he would cherry pick that specific piece and implement it in
China. Evidently it did not have the same end result in China as the GDP
actually declined when it was all said and done. In Mao’s defence, he was not
an economist: Mao was a leader, his aim was to inspire and to grow China. His economic
policies were disasterous within his lifetime, but the idealogy behind his
economic ideas would turn China into the superpower it is today. One of the
best examples of this shift is seen in the controversial Great Leap Forward

Mao’s biggest accomplishment was bringing China into the forefront.
Through his implementation of the Cultural Revolution from 1966-1976, Mao was
able to implement the ideology of growth in the Chinese people. Changing their narrowminded
view of how they felt the world works. Looking at the numbers the Great Leap
Forward appeared to be a significant leap backwards for the CCP and China as a
whole. The CPP even said it was “responsible for the most severe setback and
the heaviest losses suffered by the Party, the country, and the people since
the founding of the People’s Republic “. Though the seeds sown by the paradigm
shift would take years after Mao’s death for the benefits to shine through. In 1990
China’s GDP was 360 million dollars annually, in 2016 it came in at over 11
Trillion dollars. That is an increase of over 30,000 %. Obviously, this was not
Mao’s financial planning, though it was however his philosohpies. Mao bevlied
that China needed to drop their great wall mentality. This paved the way for Deng
Xiaoping  who ruled China from 1981-1990,
to transform China into the power that it is today.

Finally there are many historians who point towards the
great number of casualties suffered throughout Mao’s rule, between 35 and 70
million died during Mao’s rule. I think the response here is best put by comidian
Bill Burr when disussing the why Mao is not viewed as negatively as Hitler and
Stalin “simple, I don’t count those kills… There’s like a billion people in
China, you wipe out on a scooter and you’re going to kill 80 not even trying”.
It may not be formal essay appropriate but none the less he makes a valid point.
Today there is almost 1.4 billion people in China but, in 1960 there were only
667 million. Even with the highest estimate of 70 million casualties that is
only a 10% mortaility rate cut down to only 5% if you use the lower end of the
estimate. Whereas the population of the Ukraine was only 29 million! Stalin is
estimated to be responsible for 7 million Ukrainan deaths. Run the numbers and that
is a 24% mortality rate of Ukrainians under Stalin. Not to mention Adolf Hitler
who killed 6 million European Jews out of a total population of 9.5 million, that
is 63% of all of the Jews in Europe. Furthurmore Mao never targeted a race of
people, there was never a genocide of any kind commited by the CPP. In fact Mao
took a largely usless population of opium addicted liabilities and turned the
Chinese people into the hard working powerhouse we see today.

 

Hitler dosnt belong
in the same conversation

It is disappointing that Adolf Hitler is even allowed to be
brought up in the same conversation as Mao Zedong. Hitler was a failure in every
quantitavie or qualitative aspect. Hitler has an appauling legacy, he is the
personification of evil, he is hated in his own country, and he failed to win World
War Two. Starting with WW2, Hitler is completely to blame for the deadliest war
in human history. Hitler started the war and was handily defeated by the rest
of the world.

Not only that, Adolf Hitler thought out, planned and
executed the most evil thing that any person has ever done. The Holocaust was immensely
ineffective, as the Nazis wasted precious labour and resources rounding up and
executing Jews instead of actually fighting their enemies. But, lets objectively
break down the final solotion.

Adolf Hitler was a failed art student who was rejected from
Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna Italy (where he actually cultivated his anti Semitism,
thanks AP Euro). Hitler served in World War One and really bought into the “stab-
in-the-back” idea that was being spread across Germany by the government. The
German people began to belive that the German Jews had betrayed Germany in WW1
and had lead to them losing the war (which they thought they were winning). Forward
to Hitler gaining power and implimenitng the Nuremberg Laws in 1935, revoking German
citizenship from the Jewish people. It also outlawed inter-‘ratial’ marriges
between Germans and Jews. The Germans disdain for the Jews grew, exemplared by Kristallnacht
or the Night of the Broken Glass, from then on Jews had to wear the star of
David in public to stand apart from the rest of the Germans.

Then on January 20th 1942 at the Wannsee Confrence
in Wannsee, Germany the Final Solotion was proposed. To exterminate the Jewish
peoples from the face of the earth. The Germans propsed a systemic
annaihalation of Jews across Europe. There were mobile killing groups called
Einsatzgruppen, which were large portable gas chambers, and other Germans were
sent by train to Death Camps across German-contolled Europe.

The moral of the story is that Adolf Hitler was inarguably
an evil man. He is viewed that way by society and rightfully so. Hitler is
loathed by society and seen as the personification of evil. It is not fair to
even compare him to men like Stalin and Mao. Adolf Hitler was awful and failed
in all tangible objectives.