markets since, in the event of expansion in foreign markets, the market base increases, leading to a reduction in local customers only. Otherwise, exports have the ability to minimize the impact of market volatility, by working in global markets, companies become more captive to economic changes, changing customer demands and seasonal fluctuations in the local economy. Finally, and with regard to the advantages of exports, it can be summarized that an increase in exports leads to an increase in the access to the currencies, which increases the national income, the turnover and the surpluses of the state. This leads to an improvement in the standard of living. In spite of these benefits for exports, they sometimes do not lead to these results lucrative and which do not contribute to higher economic growth of the country, and this is due to several reasons, among them: the existence of competition is greater than expected, the products is unpopular or popular in the markets other, instability in the target country as a result of wars or civil conflicts, weak media publicity and definition exported product or other similar reasons. As for import, it is generally reflected the weakness of the state in achieving its needs itself and makes them dependent and at the mercy of foreign countries. Imports unlike exports lead to the exit of the local currency and weaken the trade balance, thus weakening economic growth. However, and in some cases it is considered the import source of economic growth, especially if it includes hardware and electronic equipment to help and contribute to the increase and improvement of the investment, or include products that require a production value of more than imported. Due to these reasons, the export and import remain a controversial topic for their ability to influence the social and economic growth of the countries. Panama is the most important economic nations at the moment, given the distinguished geographical location, so they are considered the fastest growing economy in South America at the moment, with a GDP of 46.21 billion dollars for this year, compared B32.56 billion dollars just last year thus, the per capita GDP is US $ 19,637.09 per year, and after that it was 18,793 dollars last year, an increase over the previous reporting B5.8%. When calculated by purchasing power per capita, the gross domestic product per capita is 111% of the global average.