NAME: Maria Vittoria Perillo SCHOOL: United NetworkCOMMITTEE: SOCHUMTOPIC: Economic development through the education of young girls COUNTRY: SlovakiaIntroductionChildren’s education is an important topic that must interests the entire world, However, but mainly in countries affected by emergencies like wars or natural disaster, where the first concern is to keep people healthy and safe,; therefore, it is really difficult for their governments to takeing care of the education of young people. Through a statistics done by UNICEF, we can notice that the education emergency is still a big issue: in fact today 75 million children between the ages of 3 and 18 are affected by humanitarian emergencies that ruin their education.
This kind of problem is treat by UNESCO that founded “Education for All” (EFA) inaugurated in 2000 in Dakar with 164 countries, this movement is based on the World Conference on Education for All, which took place in Jomtien (Thailand) in 1990, and it is meant to reduce the illiteracy and to improve the universal education. Specially for young girls is really difficult have a good education, in particular in the poorest countries of the world more than 50% of girls do not attend secondary school, like Burkina Faso in Africa.History Slovakia became independent from Czechoslovakia on 1 January 1993 after the a peaceful called the Velvet Divorce. Therefore, before this year the education in Hungary, Ukraine and Germany was the same.
Before the First World War the education of guys was fundamental for dealing with the other ethnicities, however existed a lot of disparities not for the gender but for the citizenship for example between Slovaks and Ukrainians. During the First World War and the Communist Era the state of the Czech Republic improved the level of youth education through reforms inspired by the Soviet model. The same student of high school and university that organised the Velvet Revolution in 17 November 1989 in Prague during the International Student Day, an event organized by the Youth Socialist Union, gathered approximately 50,000 people. After the revolution Slovakia introduced in his model of education private schools and 6-8 year of general secondary gymnazia, another good point is that the bachelor’s degree programmes were implemented and that the academic freedom of higher education was restored. Finally in 1992 the European Commission supported some education programmes from this country. The government also changes were made to financing of education.Current StatusNow in Slovakia children’s education is divided in different periods; first primary education from 6 to 10 years, works as platform for next studies, second primary education from 10 to 15 years, this “stage” can be spent either in a 9 year primary school or in an 8 year gymnasium. For the lowering of demographic a lot of primary schools have been closed down since about 2000.
In this kind of education there is not discrimination between boys and girls because at 99% they have the same high literacy rate, in fact in this country also woman have a good education, from the statistics(2012) we can notice that in Slovakia the 99.9% of females over 25 have the secondary education ,and the parliament is composed of 20.6% by women. Although women in the work world are less paid than men, the gap is in fact 19.6% one of the worst in the European Union, in the ranking is the 32 of 40.
Proposed actions and solutions Conclusion The economy in Slovakia is economy is developed and has an high income in fact has a GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and it is 77% of the other states in European Union. In all of the Europe for women only one more year of school increases the GDP of 15% instead the man that increases the GDP only of 5%. For this reason is more convenient for every country maintain an high level of education for women. BibliographyEducation in emergencies, UNICEF, 2017http://www.worldsocialagenda.org/3.3-UNESCO/Education-for-all/https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovakiahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Slovakiahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Czechoslovakiawww.buongiornoslovacchia.sk