Name: Jengus Ercil Relative I will Interview: Grandfather dad’s sideCore: A Historical Event I will research: The turkish invasion of cyprus in 1971D1 – Developing Questions and Planning InquiryD3 – EVALUATING SOURCES AND USING EVIDENCE Question Type QuestionSource TypeWho’s Perspective?CitationNotesBullet points in my own wordsCompelling Was the Turkish invasion of Cyprus necessary?Answered at end of project in final product and ELA essay.
Supporting QuestionWho fought in the invasion?News ArticleGreek PerspectiveHajiloizis, Mario. “July 20, 1974 – A Day Cyprus Will Never Forget.” Sigmalive, 20 July 2016, www.sigmalive.com/en/news/local/147121/july-20-1974-a-day-cyprus-will-never-forget.Greek CypriotsTurkish CypriotsTurkey GreeceSupporting QuestionWhat were the events before the invasion?News ArticleOutside PerspectiveFitzgerald, Peter. “The Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.
” The Turkish Invasion of Cyprus, 2008, www.thefinertimes.com/War-in-The-Middle-East/the-turkish-invasion-of-cyprus.html.-Turkish Muslims were allowed to leave and go to Turkey, but any person who stayed became British.-People who stayed just kept calling themselves Turkish, and so did the Greeks, neither one admitted they were British-British realised that they should rule by keeping the two ethnicities apart so they cannot try to plan a way of overthrowing the British in conjuction-16 August 1960 Cyprus gained independence from the British-in 1950 EOKA was born, a Greek nationalist group, with the intention of making the island join mainland Greece-EOKA killed Turkish policeman to make a statement to the Turkish cypriots that they weren’t scaredSupporting QuestionWhat were the events before the invasion?EncyclopediaHistorical Perspective”Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Dec. 2017, en.
wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus-After independence from the British, there was an agreement that the island would be joint ruled by Turkish and Greek cypriots-July 15 1974 Greek officers led the military and overthrew the government-President at the time Makarios III fled to England-New, Greek installed, president Nikos Sampson was ultra nationalist, anti Turkish, and had inflicted violence on Turkish citizens in the past-91 people dead in coup-Turkish Cypriots weren’t harmed in coup because they didn’t want a Turkish reaction to the new government-Turkey issued demands to Greeks such as the removal of Nikos Sampson, the withdrawal of 650 Greek soldiers from the military, to admit Turkish troops into Cyprus to protect Turks, and equal rights for both populations immediately after coupSupporting QuestionWhat did Turkey lose from it?EncyclopediaHistorical Perspective”Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Dec. 2017, en.
wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus-568 soldiers dead-270 civlians dead-803 civilians missing-2000 wounded-United States inflicted an arms embargo on Turkey after it finished-Armed conflict is expensive and therefore more money was spent on it therefore reducing the money spent on the economy such as growth and developmentSupporting QuestionWhat did Turkey gain from it?EncyclopediaHistoricalperspective”Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Dec.
-They won the conflict-They got the anti Turk(Nikos Sampson) out of office-They got a new country named after them (Northern Cyprus)-Got a safe place for the turkish cypriots-Turkish Republic of Northern CyprusSupporting QuestionWhat did Turkey gain from it?InterviewTurkish PerspectiveErcil, Cengiz. “SS Family History Project.” 26 Dec.
2017.-Arms embargo on Turkey was beneficial because it made them realise they should not rely on other countries for their weapons and starting producing their ownSupporting Question What did Turkey gain from it?News ArticleGreek PerspectiveKolasa-Sikiaridi, Kerry. “42nd Anniversary of the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus Remembered.” Greek Reporter, 15 July 2016, greece.greekreporter.com/2016/07/15/42nd-anniversary-of-the-turkish-invasion-of-cyprus-remembered-photos/.
-Greek Junta Collapsed-crushed the idea of unifying Greece and Cyprus Supporting QuestionHow did it affect Cyprus?EncyclopediaHistorical Perspective”Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus.
-150,000 Greek Cypriots became refugees because Turkey separated the island into two(one side Turkish Cypriots, one side Greek Cypriots) and all the Greek Cypriots in the Turkish area became refugees-6000 Cyprus casualties-1273 deaths-1000 missing-Divided the country in twoSupporting QuestionHow was the Cyprus community treated during the Invasion?News ArticleGreek PerspectiveHajiloizis, Mario. “July 20, 1974 – A Day Cyprus Will Never Forget.” Sigmalive, 20 July 2016, www.sigmalive.
com/en/news/local/147121/july-20-1974-a-day-cyprus-will-never-forget.4,000 cypriots murdered Men women and children200,000 displaced and became refugees1619 still missingSupporting QuestionWhat caused the invasion?EncyclopediaHistorical perspective”Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Dec. 2017, en.
wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus.-Codenamed operation Atilla-Invaded on 20 July, 1974 because of the Greek denial of the demands(stated above, under question What were the events before the Invasion?)-They did it to regain stability and peace on the island after the violent coup-needed to get nikos sampson out of office-turks were worried that the new greek government would threaten the greek/turkish cypriot relationship-ceasefire on 22 july by then turkey had control of 3% of the island-14 august turkey launched its second invasion which helped turkey gain control of 40% percent of cyprus and divided it into two parts-invasion was on grandparents anniversary-invasion lasted two days because of international pressure-second invasion was grandmothers birthdaySupporting QuestionsWhat did both sides want?RelativeTurkish PerspectiveErcil, Cengiz. “SS Family History Project.” 26 Dec. 2017.-nikos sampson and the greek junta wanted cyprus to join mainland greece-turks wanted same government, two states- after the coup the turkish government invaded because they wanted to restore the old peaceful government-second invasion because the turks wanted more landDid your compelling question help you to understand your family’s history? Why?No. Because at the time my grandfather was not even in Turkey at the time.
He was learning about everything that was happening by listening to the radio. He didn’t get back to Turkey until it was long over but his friends filled him in. He also researched the topic when he got back to Turkey. It did not help because it didn’t really affect any of my family.Did your supporting questions help you to understand your family’s history? Why? No. Because none of them really are related to my grandparents because they weren’t there during the invasion. They also did not have any opinions about the invasion and were not harmed in any way or involved in any political or physical way.