People have the tendency to organize themselves into groups in order to address mutual needs and concerns. As the platitude goes: ” No Man Is An Island”. In the olden days, groups of people banded together to increase their chances of survival because being part of a larger group increased their strength, and even warded off potential predators. Also, being in a group resulted to more people hunting and gathering, which led to an increase in the amount of food that they could accumulate.
Today, people band together, not for survival, but for reasons more complex and diverse than before. One of these reasons is to address certain issues that the members of the organizations deem socially relevant and timely. Non-governmental organizations or Nags are set up by like-minded individuals brought together by a mutual passion, a need to promote or attend to a certain issue, or because of common identities. “Nags have been defined according to five structural-operational features which states that Nags are organized, private, non- profit, self-governing, and voluntary.
Global Civil Society, 2003)”. Nags are perceived to be organizations geared towards a specific purpose, and are renowned for their concerned with societal issues like supporting out-of-school youths, orphanages, women, health, and education, amongst many others. World Vision is a non-governmental organization set up by Dry. Robert Willard Pierce in 1950. His inspiration for establishing this organization was an abandoned Chinese child called White Jade who he supported by giving $5 a month to her caretaker.
The first child sponsorship program was put in place three years later to handle the ends that came from donations when he made a film called the “38th Parallel”, which intended to raise funds for orphans in the Korean War. Since then, it has spread to the other continents and expanded its scope to include not only children, but also emergency relief, poverty, community-based projects, education, health, leadership training, and income generation seminars. World Vision also founded a branch of the organization in the Philippines in 1957.
This was done to help an orphanage in the island of Samaras called the Good Shepherd’s Fold by donating musical instruments and textbooks for the children. Three years later, World Vision Philippines established their own orphanage called Mercantile Orphanage in South Catboat. The Philippines has focused on the concept of nation-building ever since it was given independence by its last colonizer, the United States of America. Admittedly, it has been hard to have a sense of a united Philippines because of the inherent ethnic, religious, and geographic divide between the Filipinos.
The Philippine government recognizes that the youth are significant to nation-building as reflected in Section 2 of the Republic Act 8044 which states that: “The State recognizes its responsibility to enable the youth to fulfill their vital role in nation-building… “. The proponents of this research would like to analyze if the World Vision Philippines, which is one of the largest international organizations here in the country, plays a significant role in the Philippines’ nation-building.
The proponents chose this non- governmental organization because of its widespread reputation brought about primarily by their wide scope of beneficiaries and their celebrity endorsements. Also, their programs mainly cater to the youth, which has been established as vital to action-building, although it is a fact that the World Vision Philippines also have programs for families and communities. However, this fact does not dissuade a possible relationship between World Vision and the Philippines’ nation-building but rather, strengthens it as families and communities also play a role in nation- building.
B. Statement Of The Research Problems This research is trying to find out the role of the non-governmental organization, the World Vision Philippines, in the aforementioned country nation-building. 1. Does the World Vision Philippines play a significant role in nation-building of the Philippines? 2. How does World Vision Philippines contribute to the nation-building of the 3. How is the World Vision Philippines held accountable for all the donations and funds sent to them by their donors? 4.
What are the measures used to assess whether the World Vision Philippines’ projects and programs are successful? 5. What are the strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities that affect the World Vision Philippines? 6. What strategies can be done in order to address the said strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities of World Vision Philippines that could help into making it a utter organization? C. Statement Of the Research Objectives This research aims to find out the role of the World Vision Philippines in the goal of nation-building.
Specifically, the proponents aspire to attain the following objectives: 1 . To determine whether World Vision Philippines plays a significant role in nation- building of the Philippines. 2. To describe how the specific programs and projects of the World Vision Philippines contribute to the nation-building of the Philippines. 3. To find out how the World Vision Philippines is held accountable for all the nations and funds sent to them by their donors. 4. To establish what measures are used to assess whether the World Vision Philippines’ projects and programs are successful. 5.
To deliberate the strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities that affect the World Vision Philippines. 6. To consider the strategies that can be done in order to address the said strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities of World Vision Philippines that could help The existing literature about nation-building in the Philippines does not take into account the role of Nags. The proponents wish to address this research gap by roving an analysis of the role of one of the largest international non-governmental organizations in the country, the World Vision Philippines.
The proponents would like to add to the information available and hope to specifically benefit the following: D. L . World Vision Philippines The World Vision Philippines is the primary beneficiary of this study because it is the organization that is being analyzed by the proponents. If the research proves that the organization does play a significant role in nation-building, their existence will be legitimated. Also, their reputation would improve which could lead to more donors ND volunteers for their programs, projects, and activities.
The information and analysis done in this paper could be utilized by the organization in order to improve their services, supplement their inadequacies, address their main problems, maintain or even further enhance their successes, and develop strategies to make their organization more efficient and better as a whole. D. 2. Donors Potential and actual donors would also benefit from this study because they will be able to use the information about the World Vision Philippines so that they can more accurately assess whether the organization is worth donating to or not.
This is important because the MONGO already has a lot of donors from both individuals and institutions. Also, donors are the entities to whom World Vision Philippines is most accountable to because it is their donations that funds the programs, projects, and activities of the said organization. The information provided here can help the donors identify the areas of insufficiencies of the World Vision Philippines, and because of their critical role in the organization, they can wield pressure and influence to make the organization address these issues.
D. 3. Beneficiaries The beneficiaries of the World Vision Philippines could assess from this research whether the services that are given to them are what the organization promised to render. Also, they would be able to pinpoint the areas that the organization is deficient in, from which, in coordination with the MONGO, they could both address these concerns to improve the organization and its services. The beneficiaries could also beneficiaries that are also helped by the organization. D. 4.
Volunteers The potential and actual volunteers of World Vision Philippines can benefit from this study because it would allow them to get to know the MONGO better. This is important because as volunteers, they would represent the MONGO to the beneficiaries and other entities, and such, they must familiarize themselves in the workings, structures, and principles of the organization. Also, they could assess accurately whether the organization they Joined in is delivering on its promises, and if not, being insiders, they would be able to help the organization improve its performance better.
D. 5. Affiliated NAGS and corporations Non-governmental organizations that work with World Vision Philippines will benefit from this study because it would allow them to understand how the World Vision Philippines works and its priorities and concerns. This would allow them to better their working relationship with the concerned institution, and they could develop strategies which would utilize their and the World Visions’ strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities.
One of the most important affiliated organizations of the World Vision Philippines is the Philippine Council for MONGO Certification which is an entity that gives a certification to Nags that meet established minimum criteria for financial management and accountability. This is an important institution because hey help in reviewing and establishing the legitimacy and performance of Nags in the Philippines. D. 6.
Related Government Agencies Government agencies, whose Jurisdictions overlap with the concerns of the World Vision Philippines, will benefit from this study, because they could evaluate the work that the MONGO does. If World Vision Philippines is proven to be helpful in nation- building, they can build a partnership with the MONGO so that their works are supplemented by the said institution. These government agencies include the Securities and Exchange Commission (the agency that deals with Nags as a whole),
Department of Health (World Vision Philippines is also concerned about the health status of its beneficiaries), DOPED (the aforementioned MONGO funds the schooling of its recipients), DEWS (World Vision Philippines’ main receiver of services are the youth, particularly children), and National Risk Reduction Management Council (Because the organization also helps in post-disaster relief missions). D. 7. Future Researchers Nation-building and Nags are very important factors and entities in the society and thus, the proponents of this study believe that researches discussing either of the in the future.
Future researchers can use this study as a source for their own study. It could also aid them in expanding their resource material base because of the other literatures cited in this study. E. Definition of Terms 1 . World Vision Philippines – A non-profit organization which is a subsidiary of an international non-governmental organization that does projects and programs that are primarily concerned with the Philippine youth, but also includes community and family beneficiaries.
It also tackles the societal issues of education, health, disaster relief, and youth empowerment. It operates through the funds given by donors and wrought volunteer-work. 2. Nation-Building – A concept that focuses on the personal development of individuals and communities of a particular nation with the goal of improving the standard of living of everyone in that country in terms of health, education, livelihood, and other factors that have a huge impact in their lives.
This involves values formation and community development through active engagement in societal issues that affect the society they live in. This gives special emphasis to the youth as they will be the future professionals, policy-makers, and leaders of the country. . Non-governmental organizations – Organizations that operate as an entity that is not part of a government of a country. They are established to pursue a common goal or to address a certain issue. They are usually non-profit. They may be local or international in scope and in terms of their beneficiaries. . Donors – People who give money to the World Vision Philippines and are the source of funds of the said institution. 5. Volunteers – People who help in the actual carrying out of the services of World Vision Philippines who expect no pay or compensation for the work that they do. . Beneficiaries – People who receive the funding and services from the World Vision Philippines. The main objective of the said MONGO is to improve their standard of living and increase their chances for self-development. 7.
Strengths – Internal factors that the World Vision Philippines utilizes and are the advantages that they have that contribute significantly to their good performance in delivering their services. 8. Weaknesses – Internal factors inherent in the World Vision Philippines that significantly but negatively affects their performance in giving out their services in heir programs, projects, and activities. These factors puts the said organization at a disadvantage. Which they can utilize for the betterment of their organization as a whole. 0. Threats – External factors which may hinder the performance of the World Vision Philippines. These needs to be addressed in order to improve the efficiency, timeliness, and overall capacity of the said MONGO to deliver their promised services. F. Review of Related Literature This research has included information from various studies and literature on the concepts of non-governmental organizations, nation-building, and World Vision Philippines. Nation-building is an important aspect in the Philippine society.
Carolyn Stephenson said that, “Nation-building matters to intractable conflict because of the theory that a strong state is necessary in order to provide security, that the building of integrated national community is important in the building of a state, and that there may be social and economic prerequisites or co-requisites to the building of an integrated national community. “This article shows that nation-building is really important because due the integration of national community, the country will be more united n its goal of achieving improvement in the quality of life for all.
Nation-building needs a lot of effort to achieve its purpose. According to Native Nations Institute,” Nation-building involves building institutions of self-government that are actually appropriate to the nation and that are effective in addressing the nation’s challenges. Nation-building involves developing the nation’s capacity to make timely, strategically informed decisions about its affairs and to implement those decisions. It involves a comprehensive effort to rebuild societies that work”.
Though, e could see that nation-building is not an easy process, still, it is very important because it leads to the formation of countries as stated in the article Nation-building by Alberta Lasing and Bryony Reich(2013): Nation-building is a process which leads to the formation of countries in which the citizens feel a sufficient amount of commonality of interests, goals, and preferences so that they do not wish to separate from each other. Non-governmental organizations are truly a force in today’s society, especially to the people who subscribe to the Constructivist point of view.
But even in Liberalism, they are one of the major actors that shape the international society today. As stated by the Commonwealth Business Council (2003): “The power of Nags is further exemplified not Just by their increasing number but by their ability to network and mobile their members to affect global politics”. This was taken furtherer Song (2006) when he said: ” Such power [of Nags] was demonstrated in various U. N. Conferences, international summits and multilateral meetings where Nags have been effective in influencing policy agendas, official statements and Joint
The first statement implies that Nags today are not limited by their scope (environmental, humanitarian, etc. ) because they have the power to influence the political sphere in their respective areas. This is relevant to this study because nation-building entails government measures in improving the standards of living of the people and if these measures can be affected by Nags particularly World Vision then these can be used as a channel or can play a role in nation-building of the Nags play a very significant role in society as reflected by a research paper by Jordan L. ICC said: “Nags are a potent political force and there are some serious issues confronting civil society that need to be addressed… At the national level, many social services that traditionally were in the purview of government are today delivered by the private sector or through Nags”. This explains Nags despite being an entity that is not under the government still has political power that it can utilize to realize its advocates.
These organizations play a role in bringing of service to the public but as indicated in the paper, these Nags also have issues to consider and one of them is heir accountability to the public. Because of their significant role in society, people are becoming more and more aware of Nags and are encouraged to take part in their activities either through donations or volunteerism. However, as their donors and volunteers increase, the accountability of the Nags to these people, their beneficiaries, and the population as a whole also increases.
To wit: “The increasing funding of Nags by official donor agencies thrusts the question of legitimacy into center stage, for if Nags are becoming more responsive to external concerns, are substituting for government ND are growing larger on the basis of foreign funding, what is happening to the links ? to their values and mission, and to their relationships with “the poor,” supporters and others ? through which they derive their right to intervene in development. ” This was taken from “Too Close For Comfort?
The Impact of Official Aid on Nongovernmental Organizations” by Edwards and Helm (1998: 8-9). This reveals that there is an argument regarding the legitimacy of Nags and a question on how “non- governmental” are these Nags especially if they are receiving funding from government institutions as well. The article also says that Nags need to incorporate mechanisms that can help improve their performance and provide ample measures of evaluation in order for them to remain credible and accountable. The World Vision Philippines is a prime example of a non-governmental organization.
According to the article Vision in Action in the Manila Billeting:”The World Vision, one of the world’s biggest international Nags, has established its presence in the Philippines 56 years ago, it has helped uplift and empower poor communities through education, public engagement, values formation, and disaster and emergency response. ” (Barmaid R. C. , Foss, S. C. , & Limit, R. S). Since then, the World Vision Philippines, the Philippine branch of the World Vision International, has been in that the MONGO was one of the first to respond to the recent onslaught of Typhoon Hanna in Letter.
They provided relief goods and psychological debriefings in the evacuation centers. This shows that the MONGO already has a good reputation in terms of fast response to calamities and that they are very active in their humanitarian undertakings. Because of their very fast, efficient, and lauded response to the Holland disaster, the MONGO was able to gain more findings from donors. One of these was the Ascot Limited who “… Donated 1. 87 million pesos to World Vision for its relief and rehabilitation efforts… “. (Trap. Mom) This article shows that private corporations have a lot of trust in the organization and believes that it truly renders good service to its beneficiaries. This also shows that the MONGO was able to establish a good reputation in terms of emergency and disaster relief efforts which will be able to encourage more donors and volunteers to patronize their institution. World Vision Philippines is not only concerned with disaster response. It is also unconcerned with other societal issues like education, sanitation, and all the other aspects that define the standard of living of a child and his family.
This multi-scope aspect of the MONGO was affirmed by an article in GAMMA Network which said : “World Vision is concerned about ensuring safe living spaces for children and their families as heavy rains and aftershocks are still prevalent in quake-hit areas… World Vision calls for more intensified action to uphold children’s education rights in the quake-hit areas. Back-to-school woes include damaged classrooms as teachers and children hold classes in tents. Children in emergencies also need to be protected from the risks of hazardous work in quake-hit areas, along other forms of child abuse and exploitation”.
G. Scope and Limitation of the Study The study shall focus on how the projects, programs, and activities of the World Vision helps in the nation-building of the Philippines. It shall not include those of the World Vision International. It shall deal only with the latest statistical data from the latest reports given by the MONGO. It will also include interviews conducted with people who can better assess the World Vision Philippines’ performance as a humanitarian institution.