Nowadays, it’s undeniable that a high school diplomais not enough for students who are eager to have a good command of oneparticular field. In order to acquire more professional knowledge, many people willattend college or university where they provide specific majors. For thisreason, college entrance exams are available for students to take as an eye to goingto their dream universities. Every year a number of seniors of high school striveto scrape through these exams. It seems that most people are accustomed to thistype of exam and they accept it to some degree. However, a question about theseexams’ credibility has been brought up. Although this issue is a controversialone, I’m convinced that the current college entrance exams are neither equitablenor suitable, for their design has major drawbacks and they bring about somenegative impacts.
To begin with, most college entrance examsworldwide give rise to misconceptions among students, educators, and parents. Insome countries, universities only take the exam as the decisive factor to determineand select students. Therefore, some people will hold the opinion that if theydon’t be excel in the exam, they won’t be successful in their rest of lives. It’s inappropriate to letsuch a rumor circulate or even be believed by the public.
In fact, the wholeproblem exactly arises from the exam’s monopoly on admission decisions. Beset withthis problem, governments and experts must revise the current system. Such tragedy also happens in Taiwan. In the past, if our studentswanted to study at university, they had no alternative but to take the JointCollege Entrance Examination, which is similar to SAT. Since it was the onlyway to receive higher education, the exam at last contributed to amisunderstanding that it became a make-or-break chance for every participant. Fortunately,with the benefit of more and more examples, we were aware of this situationyears ago; consequently, our college entrance system has been under severalrevisions. In addition to college entrance exams, we provide different ways forstudents to enter universities.
To be precise, specialty exams are implementedfor those who have a particular interest in one field. For example, studentshaving a talent for sports may only take “skills test.” In this way, there isno need for them to assume the academic burden. Aside fromthe social impacts that the exam exerts, considering the exam contents, currentcollege entrance exams aren’t impartial. Every year, students struggle to revisefor all types of college entrance exams in order to be admitted to prestigiousuniversities.
In this case, it’s doubtful that the exam should be fair enoughfor students to sit. However, a number of exams in effect contain seriousdefects, including the validity and reliability of the test paper. Take SAT forexample. SAT, standing for Scholastic Aptitude Test, is held by College Boardin the U.S.A. It is used as a standard to make sure students around the worldare eligible to enter American universities or to apply for scholarships.
Despitethe fact that the authority has revised parts of the test recently, it seemsthat they still neglect the validity problem of the test content. In general, theorganizer of the exam has set up a question database which is the source of eachtest. At the same time, there is a distinct possibility that the questions mayrepeat in different places. In the light of this, many people begin to gatherand analyze the tested questions so that workable examination questions arethrown out by some institutions before the official exam, which leads to the leakageproblem. Under this circumstance, those cheating behaviorshave a great impact on the validity of the exam and the students’ futureacademic performances. For onething, the so-called “jijing” totallyundermines the credibility of the exam.
Thus, it’s obvious that the colleges themselves nolonger wholly trust the SAT as before. For another thing, students who utilize”jijing” to enter the college willcome across obstacles in the future. Since those tested subjects are regardedas the prerequisite to advanced courses in universities, students who don’tsatisfy the conditions probably can’t catch up with others or even fail their coursesat the college. Thus, it demonstrates that current college exam not only losesits original purpose and feasibility but also creates a knotty new problem. In additionto the credibility problems, the college entrance exams’ questions are widely consideredtoo slavish. Reasonably, the purpose of the questions in the exam should test whetherthe candidates can grasp the main points of a subject and whether or not theycan apply the knowledge. Nevertheless, current entrance exams mostly emphasize objectivequestions. Seeing that, students develop the wrong studying habits.
Therefore, we can know that the exam’s questions nowadays deviate from theoriginal intention which should be more diverse and flexible. The ideal examshave to spur students to ponder, to acquire the ability of collecting and collatinginformation, and to put what they have learned into practice. After all, the universityis suitable for students who can make the best use of the knowledge and possessthe critical thinking.
Via the current entrance exams, it’s a pity that we onlymake students rigidly memorize the knowledge. As a result, I don’t reckon thatthe ongoing exams assist students in the future. To sum up, noone can deny that college plays an important role in our society. People pursuea college degree not only to enhance their interpersonal skills but also to be equippedwith specialties so that they are more likely to find decent jobs in the futureor figure out their life plans. Even though we all understand that universityis not obligatory for everyone, it’s a fact that attending university still predominatesafter students graduate from high school.
As such, college entrance exams, as themomentous student-selecting system, must be fair and qualified. Nonetheless, clearly,current entrance exams are not well-organized and comply with highereducation’s requirement. As a consequence, the authority must address thiscrucial issue in terms of the questions’ design and their role in students’life.