Nutrition the pressure of blood in the body

Nutrition Term

Definition

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Nutrition

A means of attaining food and/or water for health

Nutrients

Any food or drink that provides nourishment to the
body

Bulimia

A strong urge to lose weight usually done by purging

Anorexia

Refusal to intake nutrients of any sort

Blood Pressure

This
is used to calculate the pressure of blood in the body

Body Mass Index

A
means to determine if someone is over or under weight

Diet

Restriction
of certain foods or drinks

Diabetes type 1

Lack
of the production of insulin

Diabetes
type 2

Lack
of response to insulin

Metabolism

The
conversion of substances into energy

Energy
Metabolism

The
process of gaining energy from nutrients

Amino Acids

This
are used to build protein

Essential
Amino Acids

These
are amino acid that can only come from food

Fiber

Increase
movement of digestion

Glucose

A
sugar created by the body to be used for energy

Insulin

Controls
the level of glucose in the body

Lactose

A
type of sugar that is found in milk

Lactose
Intolerant

An
inability to digest the sugar

Minerals

Nutrients
that are found in food

Obesity

Being
overweight

Morbid Obesity

Being
severely over your ideal body weight

Overweight

Being
over your ideal body weight

RDA

The
daily amount of nutrient intake to maintain a health

RDI

The
daily consumption of a nutrient

Triglycerides

Fat that is stored in the body

Saturated Fates

Are fats that increase cholesterol levels in the
body

Unsaturated Fats

Are fats that improve cholesterol

Vitamins

Nutrients that improve body function

Vegetarian

A person who does not eat meat

Vegan

A person who does not eat meat or uses animal products

Ovo-vegetarian

People eat eggs but not meat or dairy

Lactovegetarian

People who do not eat meat or eggs

Calories

A unit used to measure energy

Cholesterol

A type of fat that can be found in the body

Hydrogenated

A process of adding hydrogen to foods

Monounsaturated Fat

These are fatty acids that only have one double bond

Polyunsaturated Fat

These are fatty acids that only have more than one double
bond

Trans Fat

Fats that are found in margarine which are dangerous
to the body

Pesco-vegetarian

A person that only eats fish