OTTO WAGNER HISTORICALFACTS TO ADD FOR BIOGRAPHY SECTION:as a teacher, Wagner soon broke with tradition byinsisting on function, material, and structure as the bases of architecturaldesign.
– was an Austrianarchitect+- he started designinghis first buildings in the historicist style. In the mid- and late-1880s, likemany of his contemporaries in Germany (such as ConstantinLipsius, RichardStreiter and GeorgHeuser), Switzerland (Hans Auer and AlfredFriedrich Bluntschli) and France (Paul Sédille), Wagner became a proponent of Architectural Realism.+-. Wagner was very interestedin urban planning — in 1890 he designed a new city plan for Vienna, butonly his urban rail network, the Stadtbahn, was built. (shows that he was always looking to the futureand wanted to change everything for the better)-His style incorporated theuse of new materials and new forms to reflect the fact that society itself waschanging.
In his textbook, he stated that “new human tasks and viewscalled for a change or reconstitution of existing forms”. (shows hisvision of modernism)- He writes in his book that “Each new style graduallyemerged from the earlier one when new methods of construction new material newhuman task and viewpoints demanded a change or reconstitution of existingform.”He writes that great social changes have always given birthto new styles while earth shaking events that raged through a country kept artstanding still. Epoch – a period of time in history or a person’s life,typically one marked by notable events or particular characteristics.-Give historical background to the house as well because itis his second and he built it for his second wife.Wagner’s architecture was across between traditional styles and Art Nouveau (or Jugendstil, as itwas called in Austria).FACTS ABOUT SECESSIONIN THE CREATIVE WORLD- MENTION WHAT IT IS AND HOW IT INFLUENCED THE CHANGE OF THETIME AND ART.
– Also known as the union of Austrian artists or vereinigungbildender Künstler – formed in april 3 1897 by group of Austrian artists whohad resigned from the association of Austrian artistsin the ViennaKünstlerhaus- This movement includedpainters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the Secessionwas Gustav Klimt, Although Otto Wagner is widely recognised as an important member of theVienna Secession he was not a founding member.- these artists opposed the ideas of thinking traditionallyand towards historicism They left because they didn’t want to limited in theircreative work.
“Der Zeit ihre Kunst.Der Kunst ihre Freiheit.” (“To every age its art. To every art itsfreedom.”).
was written above the entrance to the secession buildingSecession artists wereconcerned, above all else, with exploring the possibilities of art outside theconfines of academic tradition SPEAK ABOUT THEBUILDING AT LENGTH TYING IT TO ANYTHING YOU CAN POSSIBLY IMAGINE BECAUSE IT ISALL OPINION PRETTY MUCH. – The second Wagner villa which was built next door to thefirst one was made for his second wife who Wagner believed would be a widowbecause he was much older than she was but she ended up dying before him. The house was made from concrete and steel which was a majorcomponent of the modern movement. Incorporation of industrial material becauseof the industrialization relative to that time.
The concrete was put on display on purpose and was nothidden to emphasize the ideology behind it. This house was built in a very simple fashion with a verycubic form with very little ornamentation.Industrialization and what was happening then. – The foreign cornice that lines the flat roofStained glass painting above door which was done by Kolomanmoser and was an actual painting by klimt showed the classism aspect and artnouveaux style by incorporating greek mythology and stained glass together. Huge difference in design compared to first one. He hadtransitioned from a more classic architectural style to the modern simple styleThe entire house serves as a symbol for Wagner thatrepresents the transition of the past styles into the future of his modernismbelief.
Building was built in 1913Blue rectangular shapes on sides and frames of door weremeant to act as columns representing the classical style but with actuallynothing there.http://www.planet-vienna.com/spots/wagnervillen/wagnervillen.htmIn his1896 manifesto Modern Architecture,Wagner expressed his ideal of practical and efficiently designed architecture.The purpose of beauty, he argued, was to give artistic expression to function.Extraneous ornament, therefore, was not only impractical and inefficientto theindustrialized and rapidly growing society of late-nineteenth- andearly-twentieth century Austria, and by Wagner’s light, was categoricallydistinguished from the “costumes” of past generations.
“It is simply anartistic absurdity,” he believed, for a man to spend his “life in interiorsexecuted in the styles of past centuries.” He says these things in hisbook modern architecture. The purpose of these materials was to give artistic beautyto functionality and aspects of building that did not seem beautiful just bythemselves were made beautiful by the ideas behind the materials used to makethem-AFTER SPEAKING ABOUTBUILDING TIE IT ALL TOGETHER TO THE TIME AND WAGNERS VISION AND HIS BELIEFABOUT THE FUTURE OF ARCHITECTURE.