On 27th of March we had our journey to Parambikulam.
We started from the campus by 2:30 autopsy. Parambikulam is a portion of Western Ghats which is one of the universes 34 biodiversity hot spots. While sing the copiousness of vegetations and zoologies, Parambikulam is possibly most attractive piece of wilderness in full stretch of Western Ghats. The land is lying in the southern portion of Western Ghats, instantly to south of Palghat spread.Through Tamil Nadu we entered Parambikulam. We had noticed the characteristic alteration in vegetation, i.
e. from Prosopis juliflora and thenars to Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia paniculata, and Anogeisus latifolia. The same species indicated the moist deciduous nature of the wood. The sanctuary has a mosaic of natural flora and plantation.While go throughing through the cheque station we saw two white bellied tree pies ‘ ( Dendrocitta luecogastra ) which was an endemic to the western Ghat part.
We besides saw Nilgiri langur ( Trachypithecus johnii ) which was often sighted so. We besides saw Malabar Giant Squirrel ( Ratufa indica ) . While driving to the residence hall we were fortunate plenty to see Mouse Deer ( Chevrotain ) ( Moschiola memina ) .We reached residence hall by 4:30 autopsy. During the eventide clip the bird observation was rather good.
We saw Indian roller/Blue Jay ( Coracias benghalensis ) . The bird had bright bluish and dark blue coloring material which were more outstanding during flight with brown organic structure coloring material. Blue winged parrakeet ( Psittacula columboides ) , Hoopoe ( Upupa epops ) , . Lesser flameback, Spotted dove, Racket tailed drongo, House swifts, Peacock, Peahens were besides sighted. Brown hawk bird of Minerva ( Ninox scutulata ) was besides seen. It was dark grey brown above and white barred with ruddy brown below with white tipped tail.By 6 autopsy we had a meeting with Wild Life Warden of Parambikulam. He briefly explained the declaration of wood as modesty and reorganisation by 1985.
Now 642 sq.km is declared as tiger modesty mandated by undertaking tiger now called as National Tiger Conservation Committee. Out of this 390 sq.km is core country and 252 sq.km is buffer zone.
The full country is reorganized from Nelliyampathy forest, Chalakkudy forest and more than half of Sholayar and Nenmara forest.Territorial preservation is under working programs and holistic preservation of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams comes under direction programs. Parambikulam has 1438 species of blooming workss under 704 genera and 136 households. It includes 81 species of orchids.
About 50 endangered medicative workss are found in Karianshola. 285 rare endemic and endangered species of vegetation is found in sanctuary. Halplothismia exannulata was rediscovered here. Conscinium fenestratum, Utleria salicifolia which are IUCN ruddy listed workss and endemic to Anamalais are found here.
Syzygium palghatense, Pterocarpus monsooniae and Medinilla anamalaina are endemic to Parambikulam wild life sanctuary.The sanctuary has a really rich and diverse zoologies due to existence of mosaic of home grounds. Around 36 mammals, 16 amphibious vehicles, 268 Avess, 61 reptilians, 47 fishes and 1049 insect diverseness are seen here. Royal Bengal tiger, Lion tailed macaque, Mouse cervid, Nilgiri tahr, Nilgiri marten, Great pied horn measure, Peninsular bay bird of Minerva, King cobra, Cane polo-neck and many others are cherished dwellers of the land. Tomopterna parambikulamana an endemic toad, Garra surendranathanii an endemic chump fish are here.Parambikulam has four folk communities viz. kadas, malasar, muthuvar and malamalasar.
The following twenty-four hours forenoon we started by 6 am for our trekking. On the manner to the get downing topographic point of our trekking we were fortunate to spy a herd of elephants ( Elephus maximus ) , 2 groups of patched cervids ( axis axis ) , saw a battalion of wild Canis familiariss ( cuon alpinus ) , wild gaur etc were seen.Unfortunately we had no sightings of wild life and had a really few sightings of birds during our long 18 kilometer trekking.Emerald dove, white browed wagtail, Hill myna Indian Grey hornbill, were those birds that we sighted. The trekking was a hard and memorable 1. It truly taught us the value of our so cherished H2O. We had seen Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia paniculata, Anogeisus latifolia, Gmelina arborea, Adina cordifolia, Glochidion ellipticum, Pterocarpus marsupium, Entada scandens ( Climber ) etc durig the trekking. We completed the trekking by 1:30 autopsy.
After holding our tiffin we went to see Kannimara teak. It is universe ‘s oldest and largest life teak. Besides it is the largest life unnaturally regenerated teak. The teak is 450 old ages old and is centre of many myths. It has a girth of 6.57m and tallness of 48.
5m. The tree was awarded with ‘Mahavrriksha puraskar ‘ in 1994. On the manner back we had seen a sambur cervid and many other animate beings and birds mentioned above.The circuit was a beautiful experience. It is really cherished tripsince it is worthy from the point of position of our academic portion and besides as memorable pleasance trip. We had a good company of our 21 ‘TORNADOS ‘ along with Ashiqe sir, Sreeni sir, Shing and Midhuletan.