Parenting parents demonstrate control, demands for maturation, and

Parenting is the giving of necessary support to a
child for their physical, emotional, social, and intellectual or cognitive
development (Baydar, Akç?nar, & ?mer, 2012). The way children are being
raised has been changing and developing along with the major transitions due to
new technological advancements.  Raising
a child in a modern society can be a challenging task for the parents because their
generation grew up in a different period, lived in a different environment, and
brought up with a different set of values.

Baumrind (1978) categorized parental behaviors into parenting
styles and can be explained best with Maccoby and Martin’s (1983) revision of
the model. According to Baumrind (1978), parenting styles can be characterized
across two dimensions: demandingness and responsiveness. Demandingness is the
extent to which parents demonstrate control, demands for maturation, and
supervision. Responsiveness is the extent to which parents display affective
warmth, acceptance, and involvement toward their children. Based on these two
characteristics, Baumrind (1978) categorized three styles of parenting:
authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. In the model by Maccoby and
Martin (1983), the permissive style was further divided having neglectful (also
termed as “uninvolved”) as the fourth style.

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According to Baumrind
(1991), authoritarian parents displays high levels of demandingness associated
with low levels of responsiveness.
Authoritarian parents focus on controlling their children, including their
behaviors and attitudes, and demands obedience and respect for authority. In contrast, Baumrind (1991) illustrated
authoritative parents as those who demonstrate both a high level of
demandingness and a high level of responsiveness. Authoritative parents
do monitor their children’s behavior and use nonpunitive forms of discipline
when standards for behavior are not met. They acknowledge their children’s
points of view when establishing rules and they show supportiveness to their