Parenting is the giving of necessary support to achild for their physical, emotional, social, and intellectual or cognitivedevelopment (Baydar, Akç?nar, & ?mer, 2012). The way children are beingraised has been changing and developing along with the major transitions due tonew technological advancements. Raisinga child in a modern society can be a challenging task for the parents because theirgeneration grew up in a different period, lived in a different environment, andbrought up with a different set of values.Baumrind (1978) categorized parental behaviors into parentingstyles and can be explained best with Maccoby and Martin’s (1983) revision ofthe model. According to Baumrind (1978), parenting styles can be characterizedacross two dimensions: demandingness and responsiveness.
Demandingness is theextent to which parents demonstrate control, demands for maturation, andsupervision. Responsiveness is the extent to which parents display affectivewarmth, acceptance, and involvement toward their children. Based on these twocharacteristics, Baumrind (1978) categorized three styles of parenting:authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. In the model by Maccoby andMartin (1983), the permissive style was further divided having neglectful (alsotermed as “uninvolved”) as the fourth style.According to Baumrind(1991), authoritarian parents displays high levels of demandingness associatedwith low levels of responsiveness.
Authoritarian parents focus on controlling their children, including theirbehaviors and attitudes, and demands obedience and respect for authority. In contrast, Baumrind (1991) illustratedauthoritative parents as those who demonstrate both a high level ofdemandingness and a high level of responsiveness. Authoritative parentsdo monitor their children’s behavior and use nonpunitive forms of disciplinewhen standards for behavior are not met. They acknowledge their children’spoints of view when establishing rules and they show supportiveness to theirchildren.