People’s health is a result of internal and external factors. Describe two factors and explain their effect on people’s health Health is a crucial and complicated matter of people’s life. It is essential to explore health from many different aspects. Health depends of every personal situation that may impact on human being therefore it is required to look at it from an individual perspective (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 2, p.7).
Factors that may reflect on an individual’s health can be distinguished as internal and external. This essay will concentrate more specifically firstly on psychological aspects, as an element of internal factors and secondly on school interventions, as a part of external factors, followed by examples. Internal factors have a great importance on people’s health. Among them biological and psychological aspects can be identified, which influence an individual’s health.The reason why biological factors are so important is that often they determine levels of health (or sickness) and may predispose people to act in certain ways (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 2, p.5). Next, psychological factors are also significant.
A person’s beliefs and understandings about their health and illness can strongly influence their choices (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 2, p.5). There are three categories of psychological factors. The first of them is beliefs, which arise from interactions of an individual with social forces including family, friends, relationship, laws, TV/Media and institutions (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 2, p.7).
The second psychological aspect is emotions. Emotions are connected to a person’s day to day experiences, which can bring particular emotions and consequently a particular behaviour of an individual. As an example here can be drinking alcohol, which may give a mistaken impression of feeling better.
The third of psychological factors is habitual behaviour. Usually these are behaviours that in the long term have a negative effect on health. Here an example can be a habit of comfort eating that may lead to obesity. External factors can be recognised as interventions from surrounding environments such as government, school or law.
All of these environments provide a wide range of information about health that is available through specific sources and intend to improve the health of people. Although the level of provided information is extensive that does not always mean they are fully competent.There are a few positive interventions made by schools that focus on educating children on the subject of health. One of these interventions is providing physical education in schools, which is needed in present times as children are overwhelmed by electronic devices. It stimulates them to being active and gives an opportunity to take part in a wide range of sporting activities (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 3, p.13). Another intervention refers to a healthy diet, more specifically to meals that are provided in schools.
There is a high involvement of media that comments on what kind of food is served by school kitchens. Parents as well as a society expect that schools offer balanced nutrition and encourage children to take a healthy approach to their diet (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 3, p.14). One more intervention is educating children about health, which is included in their lessons.
Information given during the lessons is focusing on having a greater understanding and knowledge of health matters (Y158, cited in L185 Block 3 Session 3, p.13). It can be stated that internal factors involve personal health therefore have to be studied as an individual case. Also every one of the described internal factors connects to each other on a daily basis.
The external factors instead concern a group of people and show some positive impact that school as an institution may imply through education. As has been seen in this essay both internal and external factors have a great part to play in people’s life.References:The Open University (2012) L185 English for academic purposes, Block 3 Session 2 ‘Text 2.1: Factors that influence the health of an individual’ [online], https://learn2.
pdf (accessed 02 February, 2013). The Open University (2012) L185 English for academic purposes, Block 2 Session 2 ‘Text 2.4: OU student assignment for Y158 Understanding Health’ [online], https://learn2.open.ac.
uk/pluginfile.php/717534/mod_resource/content/1/Block%203%20Text%202.4.pdf (accessed 03 February, 2013). The Open University (2012) L185 English for academic purposes, Block 2 Session 3 ‘Text 3.4: OU student assignment for Y158 Understanding Health’ [online], https://learn2.open.ac.uk/pluginfile.php/717539/mod_resource/content/3/Block%203%20Text%203.4.pdf (accessed 07 February, 2013).