Plastic Bags – Speech Outline Specific Purpose: to educate the audience aboutharmful effect of plastic bags.Central Idea: Plastic bags are bad forenvironment, animals, people, and the future. They are luxury not a necessity. Introduction:Just think about it: when was the last timeyou went shopping? Today? Yesterday? How many plastic bags you took with youout of the store? After you put yourgroceries away, what did you do with all those unusable bags? Now think aboutall other people that did just the same thing as you right now: shopped,carried their groceries home, and disposed those plastic bags in their garbage.An estimated 1 trillionplastic bags are used worldwide each year – that’s over one million per minute. Billions endup as litter.
BodyI.The mainissue with plastic bags is the amount of waste they produce. A. Manyplastic bags end up on streets as garbage. B. Plastic bags take many years to decompose and break down.
C. Even it they break down, they never biodegrade. D.
The average “lifespan” of a plastic bag is approximately 20 minutes. But theycan last in alandfill for up to 1000years. E. Theplastic bags that end upin the Pacific Ocean would all eventually drift to the Great Pacific garbage patch.The plastic patch in the Pacific Ocean is bigger than somelandfills in the land.III.
Over 100 million animals are killed each year by the plastic debris in the Ocean.. A. Whenthe animals or birds get entangled in a plastic bag, they either drown or cannot fly. B. Animalsoften ingest plastic bags confusing them with food.
As a result, plastic clogs their intestines,which often resultsin death by starvation.IV.Plastic bags are made from petroleum.A. Approximately 10% of our oil supply goes to making plasticbags. B. Americans,on average, throw awayabout 10 bags a week – that’s about 520 bags a year – an equivalent of 60 miles of driving in fuel.
ConclusionA. Allover the world countries arenow considering bans on plastic bags. The first one to do so wasBangladesh –they implemented the ban on plastic bags in 2002. The same ban was applied in countries such as China, Taiwan, Rwanda, Macedoniaand Kenya.
In somecountries in Western Europe there is a fee per bag. Some cities and counties in NorthAmerica have, recently applied bans and partial bans, as well as fees. Manyshops have introducedreusable shopping bags.B. Currently, in the United States, there is no national plastic bag’s ban in effect.
However, California, American Samoa and Puerto Rico have alreadybanned disposable bags.A few jurisdictionslike Washington,D.C and MontgomeryCounty, Maryland implemented a fee on plastic bags. Over 200 counties and municipalitieshave created regulations posing a fee on plastic bags or banning them completely.
C. Igrew up in a country where we didn’t use plastic bags. They where luxury andunnecessary item, they where never a part of our everyday lives. Until up to 5years ago there was no plastic bags in grocery stores in Poland. You whereexpected to bring your own bag, to every store, for any kind of shopping.
Ifyour groceries were messy (eg. you bought a fish) it was packaged in anewspaper or a paper bag. Sadly few years ago stories started introducingplastic bags, for a client’s convenience. But still, they charge for them andmost of the time clients still bring their own reusable bags.
D. Thesimplest solution to reduce plastic consumption is to startusing your own,reusable bags when you shop. Each reusable bag can eliminate thousands of plastic bagsover it’slifetime. BibliographyCareyOrkand. Cut Your Use of Plastic,Plastic, Plastic.
Smithsonian.com. April 13, 2008.https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/cut-your-use-of-plastic-plastic-plastic-36321324/BenAdler.
Science. Banning Plastic Bags isGreat for the World? Not So Fast.https://www.wired.
com/2016/06/banning-plastic-bags-great-world-right-not-fast/PatricJ. Kiger. How Does Your Plastic Bag GetInto the Ocean?. Published on 11/02/2015.https://www.seeker.com/how-does-your-plastic-bag-get-into-the-ocean-1770421817.
htmlPlastic Bags and Petroleum.https://1bagatatime.com/learn/plastic-bags-petroleum/ Justification:I want to start with a question aboutaudience’s own experience.Than, in the body of the speech, I’ll go through several most important issueswith plastic bags: garbage, disposal, lifespan, toxicity, and harmful effect onthe wildlife, petroleum connection. In the conclusion I want to show solutions onthe global and scale as well as my personal experience of life without theplastic bags.