If properly applied, it can increase productivity (Lacey 2005). AD can be refers to three dimensional I. E. Something that had width, height and length; it’s an object that occurs on three axis. Our physical environment is three dimensional technology and we move around in AD every day. It allows for various dimensions what seems flat to human view or eye trying to (Miller & Contributor 2014). The technology has been successful in earning quite a momentum as a valid widely adopted entertainment technology many industries have also started to incorporate similar method, principally for marketing purpose.
Earlier AD technology was expensive and difficult to use but today, the scenario has changed completely one can find uses of the ad technology almost on every sphere which is not confined to only games and entertainment, but there are multiple uses of ad technology in PC, Architecture medical and business industry as well as in education too. It is possible to make a part from scratch in just an hour. It allows designers and developers to go from flat screen to exact part (adders. Erg AAA). The inception of ad printing can be traced back to 1970, when the inject printer as invented in 1984 the development strategy employed on the inkiest concept transformed the technology from printing with ink to printing materials. Since the inception of the technology numbers of applications of ad printing has been developed across several industries such as automotive, aviation, do it yourself, manufacturing, medical, jewelry to mention but few.
This work will examines the issues associated with ad printing and it impact on business innovations. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF AD PRINTING (amanuenses. D. ) We live in an age of what most people refer to as the third industrial revolution. AD printers is to topic for the general public and most widely used technology, which uses a variety of very different types of additive manufacturing technologies, but they all share one thing in common which is by creating a three dimensional object of virtually any shape and adding materials layer by layer.
It can be described as a AD digital model before manufacturing and the model is sliced into many thin layers electronically by the Ad printing software, in the process of printing the object is formed one layer after another, one can create own design once the printer receive the data, the most coloring material use in d printing is powdered plastic nylon, plastic filament and other materials. The technology is becoming cheaper as consumers and small companies are embracing the product, giant ad printing in china was said to have printed ten houses in one day at a cheaper rate and time efficient (Amassable n. D. ).
ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH THE PERSISTENCE USE OF AD PRINTING There have been various view about the use food printing technology been a demonstration or decentralization technology and preservation of intellectual property. The decentralization school believe that ad printing will rate participatory culture among individual whereby both young and old can facilitate self expression and innovation, free marketand take their different ideas, design and new product to the market individually or collaboration with companies without any restriction. Giving room for all to engaged in production process (Santos & Wicker 2014).
Do it yourself culture as it is widely called through digital world made it possible for individuals to focus on both the production and consumption of product and strong support for sharing in innovations through collaboration. Jenkins 2009,pa) discuss about the important of participatory culture as the relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing creations, and some type of informal mentors whereby experienced participants pass along knowledge to novice. Thus ad printing is changing the world about production, product design and manufacturing (Henry 2009).
The preservation of intellectual property opined that the prolong use food printing will endanger the society. The intellectual organization (2014) defines IP as creation of the mind, which include invention, scientific discoveries, industrial design, names, image and literary and artistic works (Wipe n. D. ). They argued that the establishment of IP laws is to compensate and credit the creators of any design, by protecting such creations it will encourage the designers to continue and if it is not protected author/inventors will be unable or willing to make the initial investment in development; they will choose not to create.
As Ad printing continues to increase, there is tendency that some users may intentionally or unintentionally violate the IP laws. IMPACT OF AD PRINTING ON BUSINESS INNOVATIONS In recent years ad printing is now accessible to small companies and even individual as earlier said, the paradigm of business innovations has shifted from traditional manufacturing of handmade product to the use of sophisticated technology like ad printing.
Though the technology has been around since the 1 9805, presently the market for this technology has been experiencing an intensive change. The use of ad printing cannot be overemphasis in the development and transformation of business and industrial entities because of it multiple technology approaches, the ability to ring using many different types of materials, decreasing cost, time efficiency, effective use Of raw materials’ and what have you. Have impact to technology on the edge of a game changer of global automation market.
However, as the technology begin to grow globally a lot of research has been conducted as to what this vibrant technologies will produce in terms of production, process innovation, low cost, time efficiency, little or nothing has been done as per the likely negative impact the advent of this tech oenology posed on industries around the globe. Firstly, the technology is becoming cheaper that individual can buy and operate the machine through downloading the instructions on website. Hen product can be made easily as if one is trying to make paper copies, this posed a very dangerous negative effect on business innovations because since I can make my product, give it a design of my taste there is no reason for me whatsoever to patronize traditional manufacturers having it in mind that it will be more expensive. By implication it will make business innovation not relevant, benefit the consumers and the manufacturer loses.
Secondly, the presence of dispensing a product via chital means rather than physical product, this means that the customers (consumers) fabricate product themselves in line with instructions from the manufacturer, this means that the product is no more safe, will lack a good quality and the intellectual property of the manufacturer is no more safe and secured thus it lack intellectual property protection. With time this is going to affect both the consumers and the manufacturer.
Thirdly, the advent of ad technology will encourage patent and copyright violations where by individual will consciously or unconsciously reproduce an existing product design which will go viral overnight. This will makes product to lack value, more of inferior product. For example one can buy a shoe not for the purpose of personal use but to reproduce the design of product for business purposes, create the exact design and distribute all over the globe, this will make the real architectural loses out.
Lastly, this is the main issue to consider by manufacturer and industries. Before the advent of ad printing, manufacturing has been tantamount with factories, machine tools, production line and economies of scale, so business has startling thinking or applying manufacturing without factories, tooling and supply chains. Nevertheless this is what the world with ad is turning into shaping our businesses is done. The question now is what future does ad has for unskilled labor and collapse of factories? D printing requires skilled and competent labor to operate and for most unskilled labor to operate there is need for factories. The paradigm involving ad printing is does not need the establishment of factories, ramification this might lead to collapse of factories, high level of unemployment, economy depreciation. CONCLUSION Though this outcome is not yet a reality today but industries needs to think bout this today in order not to have a dramatically effect on business innovation, when go printing patents start to expire and will not be able to stand the test of time.