PURPOSETo decrease absenteeism of nurses in hospitals due tomusculoskeletal pain by providing newmechanical techniques ,providing knowledge regarding prevention ofmusculoskeletal disorders to nurses and nursing students.INTRODUCTIONNurses provide care for bedridden patients like assistingthem in with their activities of daily living like bathing ,feeding and repositioningetc.Patient handling tasks such as lifting, transferring and repositioningaresome of the major risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders particularlythe back being the most prominent.Approximately £14.
9 billion is invested by NHS forcaregivers(nurses) and nursing student suffering from musculoskeletaldisorders. work related musculoskeletal disorders are divided into specific andrecognized body regions of back, extremities and other regions of body parts.Musculoskeltal disorders majorly affect muscles ,jointsand tendons in all body parts.work related musculoskeltal disorders develop ona time period.it can be acute or chronic and can also result from injurysustained in work related accidents.it starts from mild and then goes on tosevere disorders.
such disorders are mostly dangerous to life but they adhere indaily activities of living of an individual causing other stress andcomplications.such disorders can develop in any occupational setting due to strenuousphysical activities and leading to musculoskeletal disorders. BACKGROUNDThe use of mechanical equipments are mostly used in thisdeveloping country rather than physical use.neverthe less the prevalance of musculoskeletaldisorders and most probably back problems remain in higher range(Van Dieen andOude Vrielink 1998).In Great Britain(1995) almost 1,55,000 people weresuffering from musculoskeletal disorders due to work pressure and approximately5% of one individual were suffering from more than one musculoskeletal disordercondition. ( jones et al 1998)Musculoskeletal disorders actually includes a wide rangeof other symptoms which includes tendosn,ligaments,nerves.
Some individualshave an acute effect while some has chronic effect in their day tot daylife.the pathophysiology and the risk factors are understood from some of thedisesase condition.back pain is very common and sometimes it ismisinterpretated with musculoskeletal disorder.back pain can be caused due toseveral other reasons as well.Despite using new mechanical technique like hoist,wheelchairetc nurses still have to face many othermusculoskeletal disorders not only physical but also psychological stress.
conductingepidimiological studies is very much essential to know the actualmuscloskeletal problem.The aim is to investigate and evaluate the actual causeof musculoskeletal disorder and the analysis to be used for betterment of future of not only health care professionalsbut also other occupations which include strenuous activities ,long timestanding etc.