Q.1) Describe the differentforms of governments functioning in the world today. ANS. There are various kinds of governmentsfunctioning in the world today; from them I am just going to describe a few ofthem. · DEMOCRACY: Democracy is a form ofgovernment in which the people retain the supreme power, but it is indirectlygiven to a system that controls the country. The common people of the country votetogether to make one party win and when the party wins that party rules over the country, if the partyis not functioning properly in the country then the people can revolt againstthat and remove that leader/party from power.
The ruling party changes afterfew years periodically, for that there are elections held. Democracy isfunctioning in countries like :· Bhutan (Thimphu)· Central Tibetan· Santo Domingo· Germany (Berlin)· India (New Delhi)· Netherlands (Amsterdam)· Malawi (Lilongwe)· Mexico MONARCHY: In the early partof the 20th century, the most common form of government was Monarchy.In monarchy there was the hereditary rule of the royal family (king or queen).
The supreme power is in the hands of the ruler that is the monarch. Placeswhere monarchy is still followed: · Luxembourg · Cambodia · United Arab Emirates · Monaco · Kuwait · Bhutan · Malaysia · Tonga · Vatican City · Netherlands · Qatar · Belgium · Spain § DICTATORSHIP: It is a form ofgovernment in which a person or a group of people rule over a place. Thesepeople rule forcefully over the place, there are not ruling under any kind ofconstitution, they do what they want. These people also make laws that arefavorable for them. It is also like tyrannical monarchy. Places where dictatorship exits:· Belarus· Cambodia· Cameroon· Chad· Rwanda· Sudan· Syria· Tunisia· North Korea § ARISTOCRACY: It is a form ofgovernment in which the whole power is in hands of an elite class that is ruling,it is also a small class. The term derives it’s meaning from the word’aristokratia’ which means “rule of the best”. Places where it is followed:· Denmark· Spain· England (325 WORDS) Q.
2) What according to you is the best formof government? Give appropriate arguments to support your choice. ANS. According to me democracy is the best form ofgovernment. There are various reasons why democracy is the best form ofgovernment: · Democracy introduces government at a smalllevel.
In the democracy the administrative power is divided in to lower levels.In it governance is divided among different villages (a village has its ownheadman and panchayat).· Democracy provides fair and healthycompetition for power. In democracy elections are held and due to that peoplehave the right to choose the kind of party they want unlike dictatorship inwhich rule in enforced upon the people.· The real power is in the hands of the’people’. The ‘people’ of the place only choose the party by voting.
There isthe option to protest that is open for all. If the ruling party is notfunctioning properly or the ‘people’ are not satisfied then the ruling partyhas to leave its power and there are free elections so that people can choosethe ruling party fairly.· Democracy can deal with conflicts in apeaceful and wise manner. Let’s take an example of India, India has people ofall castes/religion/region. This can lead to a conflict as if one muslim partywins then all the hindus will oppose him, but in democracy there is no loser orwinner as the rule changes after a certain time.
So the country livespeacefully.· In democracy a person has its own rights thatare known as ‘Human Right’. According to this everyone in the country is equal.Everyone in the country has the right to speak and some other human rights thatare necessary. (270 WORDS)Q.3) Looking atthe present situation, reflect on the futuristic forms of government that couldrule the world.
Give complete description. ANS. Looking at the present condition, according to me MixedGovernment will be the futuristic form of government that will rule the worldlater. Mixed Government will be the one that will have every good quality fromevery government; it will have a part of governments like Aristocracy,Democracy, Monarchy, etc. Every government has flaws in it and is not perfect,but when all the good things of all the governments will be mixed, the chancesof mistakes will decrease and the best features will be there in the government.The headwill be elected by the citizens (like in Democracy) rather than hereditary inheritance (like inMonarchy).A Mixedconstitution will help the nation in many ways.
The matters can be solved aspowers are divided, decision can be taken according to the situation. So thereis separation of powers in mixed government and issues can be handled in a betterway. In Mixed government there will be increase rise in economy. So in thiseconomy the mixed government will encourage both the sectors to developsimultaneously. As a result there will be rapid development in terms of health,education power, defense and infrastructure. The trade will be better with awell functioning nation.
The country will prosper and see economic growth. Thusmixed government is a balanced form of government that most modern countrieswill adopt. A particular class does not monopolize the powers. All institutionshave a system of checks and balances so as to keep everyone in its position.