Question 1: Explain the needs of philosophy in Early Childhood Education.1.
0 What is early childhood education philosophy?An early childhood philosophy is when a teachers going to use a different kind of ways to teach the children . In those philosophy the teachers can help to guide the children to improve their weakness .The philosophy of early childhood education has been used for a decade . Those philosophy has been used by several teachers to teach their children in a kindergarten . Now those philosophy has been used again to teach the new trained teachers so that they can use those philosophy in teaching their children in the future . For example , Maria Montessori believe that the children are born with a unique potential to be revealed rather than they just keep their hidden talent or unique potential .
According to Montessori ( 1897 ) she observed children with mental disabilities, observations which were fundamental to her future educational work.Besides that ,Waldorf is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner , the founder of anthrosophy . Based on the philosophy , he believe that the school should address the needs of the children rather than demands or forces of government or economic . For example , he believe that teachers are given guidance for developing an inner and meditative life . According to Waldorf (1861-1925) the children learn and grows by experience the path of life .2.
0 Influence of theory education to the philosophy education.The philosophy education is based on the theory education . The understanding of theory education on the children , we may teach the philosophy to the children . There are few theories that we can discuss on the children development . For example ,Bronfrenbrenner’s theory (ecological systems) , Jean piaget’s theory (cognitive development)and Waldorf theory2.0.1 Brofrenbrenner’s TheoryEcological systems theory also called in context or human ecology theory , identified five environmental systems which an individual interacts . This theory provides the frame work which community psychologists study the relationships with individuals ‘ s context within the community and the wider security .
Ecological systems theory was develop by UrieBronfenbrenner . The theory is commanly referred to as the ecological / systems framework .There are four layer of relationship that influence a child ‘ s development . For example , Microsystems will make a relationship in direct to the child . Secondly , the mecosystems . mecosystems makes a connections between the relationships of a child ‘s Microsystems . Thirdly , the exosystems .
Exosystems build a structure in which the child does not have a direct ways to thinks .Lastly ,Maerosystesm has the cultural context of the philosophies .The ecological gives an understanding to us on how the natural world by revealing the dynamics of species population are often based on fundamental biological conditions and the process that have been2.0.
2 Constructive TheoryJean piaget ‘s theory had a view where the focus of attention is on the idea of development . It’s views the interaction as a two-ways process , one of it are accommodation and the other one is assimilation . Jean piaget ‘s theory is such a effective enhancement of teaching and give a practise to the new trained teachers .Jean piaget ‘s theory teach the children about the concept of numbers .
The understanding of number required more than the ability to count or read . The children must understand about the numbers or thing that they has learn . Besides that , the teachers can judge the children through the assessment or skills-bulding .
To piaget child-centered classroom are direct applications of the views .The concept of constuctivism has psychology, sociology, education and the process of cognitive development in children .Piaget ‘s theory has some limitations supports their stages rather than continuos development .
2.0.3Waldorf theoryWaldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. Its pedagogy emphasizes the role of imagination in learning, striving to integrate holistically the intellectual, practical, and artistic development of pupils.
Steiner’s division of child development into three major stages is reflected in the schools’ approach to early childhood education, which focuses on practical, hands-on activities and creative play; to elementary education, which focuses on developing artistic expression and social capacities; and to secondary education, which focuses on developing critical reasoning and empathic understanding. The overarching goal is to develop free, morally responsible, and integrated individuals equipped with a high degree of social competence. Qualitative assessments of student work are integrated into the daily life of the classroom, with quantitative testing playing a minimal role in primary education and standardized testing usually limited to that required for college entry. Individual teachers and schools have a great deal of autonomy in determining curriculum content, teaching methodology, and governance.The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. At present there are over a thousand independent Waldorf schools, about 2,000 kindergartens and 646 centers for special education, located in 75 countries, constituting one of the largest independent school movements internationally. There are also a number of Waldorf-based public schools, charter schools and academies, and homeschooling environments. In Continental Europe, Waldorf pedagogy has become a well-recognized theory of education that has influenced public schooling and many European Waldorf schools receive state funding.
Public funding of Waldorf schools in English-speaking countries is increasingly widespread but has encountered controversy3.0 ConclusionBy using all of this philosophy , they can gained some knowledge on how to write , read , learn some symbol that they did not know . For sure they will able to differentiate the right thing or the wrong thing to do and they also going to learn to be indenpence without asking for someone helps .For example , Maria Montessori believe that the children can learn best in a child-size environment . Besides that , all children in the world have a chance to develop their potential in those different philosophy . Those potential should be use because every children has a different potential .
For the conclusion , early childhood education is a very important to the kids nowadays . Those philosophy also important to the new trained teachers so that they can use all of this philosophy in the future to teach at their kindergarten .At the kindergarten the teachers are became the seconds parents to the kid .
They should teach the children that