Requirement 1Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational innovation organization with home office in Redmond, Washington. Microsoft was established on April 4, 1975, by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Allen thought of the first name of Micro-Soft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and programming. With yearly incomes of more than $32 billion, Microsoft Corporation is more than the biggest programming organization on the planet. The organization’s center business depends on creating, fabricating, and authorizing programming items, including working frameworks, server PC projects, business and PC projects, and programming advancement devices, and in addition Internet programming, innovations, and administrations. Microsoft has prevailing with regards to setting no less than one of its items on practically every PC on the planet.Microsoft ‘s early item were distinctive forms of Microsoft BASIC which was the most well-known programming dialect in late 1970s and mid 1980s home PCs, for example, Apple II and Commodore 64, and were additionally given with the early forms of the IBM PC as the IBM Cassette BASIC. Microsoft entered the working framework business in 1980 with its own particular form of Unix, called Xenix. This Unix variation would end up plainly home to the main rendition of Microsoft’s oath processor, Microsoft Word. Originally titled “Multi-Tool Word”, Microsoft Word turned out to be outstanding for its utilization of “What You See Is What You Get”. On August 8, 1989, Microsoft presented its best office item, Microsoft Office. Unlike the model of Microsoft Works, Microsoft Office was a heap of particular office functioning admirably and completing a considerable measure PC programs, for example, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel. Amid the progress from MS-DOS to Windows, the achievement of Microsoft’s item Microsoft Office enabled the organization to make progress on application-programming contenders, for example, WordPerfect and Lotus 1-2-3. By 1993, Windows had turned into the most broadly utilized GUI working framework in the world. Fortune Magazine named Microsoft as the “1993 Most Innovative Company Operating in the US”. Soon after, the Microsoft Home brand was presented – enveloping Microsoft’s new interactive media applications for Windows 3.x. Microsoft changed its motto to ” Where would you like to go today?” in 1994 as a feature of an endeavor to speak to nontechnical groups of onlookers in a US$100 million publicizing effort.In the past codenamed “Longhorn” in the early advancement stages, Windows Vista was discharged to customers on January 30, 2007.Microsoft likewise discharged another variant of its Office suite, called Microsoft Office 2007, close by Windows Vista. Windows Server 2008 and Visual Studio 2008, the following adaptations of the organization’s server working framework and improvement suite, individually, were discharged on February 27, 2008.Windows Vista was reprimanded for being substantial and requiring a lot of energy to run the desktop gadgets and the Aero subject. Many individuals kept on utilizing Windows XP for a long time after, because of its security and low handling needs. The arrangement enabled Microsoft to permit many shows from Viacom possessed satellite TV and film studios for use on Xbox Live and MSN. The arrangement likewise made Viacom a favoured distributer partner for easy going diversion improvement and dissemination through MSN and Windows. Microsoft additionally obtained a lot of publicizing on Viacom claimed communication and online systems, and teamed up on advancements and sponsorships for MTV and BET grant appears, two Viacom possessed link systems. Amid the show, Ballmer reported the primary open Beta Test of Windows 7 for accomplices and designers on January 8, yet in addition for the overall population two days after the fact. On June 26, 2009, Microsoft began taking pre-orders at a marked down cost for Windows 7 which was propelled on October 22, 2009.Windows 7 has a few versions, which recognize the ascent of netbook PCs with decreased handling power.Following the arrival of Windows Phone, Microsoft experienced a progressive rebranding of its item extend all through 2011 and 2012-the organization’s logos, items, administrations and sites received the standards and ideas of the Metro outline dialect. Microsoft saw Windows 8, a working framework intended to control both PCs and tablet PCs, in Taipei in June 2011.On June 18, 2012, Microsoft uncovered the Surface, the main PC in the organization’s history to have its equipment made by Microsoft. On June 25, Microsoft paid US$1.2 billion to purchase the informal community Yammer. On July 31, 2012, Microsoft propelled the Outlook.com webmail administration to rival Gmail. In July 2012, Microsoft sold its half stake in MSNBC.com, which it had keep running as a joint wander with NBC since 1996. To adapt to the potential for an expansion popular for items and administrations, Microsoft opened various “Occasion stores” over the U.S. to supplement the expanding number of “Blocks and-mortar” Microsoft Stores that opened in 2012.The Kinect, a movement detecting input gadget made by Microsoft and composed as a computer game controller, was first presented in November 2010, and was overhauled for the 2013 arrival of the eighth-age Xbox One computer game support.On July 19, 2013, Microsoft stocks endured its greatest one-day rate auction since the year 2000 after its final quarter report raised worries among the financial specialists on the lacklustre displays of the two Windows 8 and the Surface tablet; with more than 11 rate focuses declining Microsoft endured lost more than US$32 billion. On September 3, 2013, Microsoft consented to purchase Nokia’s versatile unit for $7 billion. The Alliance for Affordable Internet was propelled in October 2013 and Microsoft was a piece of the coalition of open and private associations that likewise included Facebook, Intel and Google. Driven by World Wide Web designer Tim Berners-Lee, the A4AI tries to influence Internet to get to more reasonable so get to is expanded in the creating scene, where just 31% of individuals are on the web. In accordance with the developing PC business, in July 2013, Microsoft declared that it would revamp the business into four new business divisions by work: Operating System, Apps, Cloud, and Devices.On February 4, 2014, Steve Ballmer ventured down as CEO of Microsoft and was prevailing by Satya Nadella, who beforehand drove Microsoft’s Cloud and Enterprise division. On January 21, 2015, Microsoft declared the arrival of their first Interactive whiteboard, Microsoft Surface Hub. On July 29, 2015, Microsoft discharged the following form of the Windows working framework, Windows 10. In Q1 2015, Microsoft was the third biggest creator of cell phones offering 33 million units, while an expansive lion’s share of them do not run any form of Windows Phone – those different telephones are not classified as cell phones by Gartner – in a similar time allotment 8 million Windows cell phones were made by all makers. Microsoft’s offer of the U.S. cell phone advertise in January 2016 was 2.7%. On March 1, 2016, Microsoft declared the converge of its PC and Xbox divisions, with Phil Spencer reporting that Universal Windows Platform applications would be the concentration for Microsoft’s gaming later on. In November 2016, Microsoft joined the Linux Foundation as a Platinum part amid Microsoft’s Connect(); designer occasion in New York. On January 24, 2017, Microsoft exhibited Intune for Education at the BETT 2017 training innovation gathering in London.Requirement 2Infrastructure as a Service is also known as IaaS in short form which also well known by a lot of people. IaaS is like a form of cloud computing which or function like a virtual machine that provides virtualized computing resources, provision, manage over the Internet, storage, networking firewalls or security and data center physical. With IaaS, the customers can control or manage our servers from Operating System with the software which is Microsoft Azure which mean the customers or consumers can configure their platform, Operating System and Application and the others will be managed by the provider. The benefits of IaaS are we can our usage-based on the billing, prevent over-provisioning and auto-scales container capacity. Example of Infrastructure as a Service in Microsoft Azure are Storage, Virtual Machines, Virtual Network, Cloud Services and Service Bus. IaaS will be the cheapest but the customers might need some IT engineering to manage some of their devices or others.Platform as a Service was well known as PaaS by a lot of people. PaaS create a platform for customers to develop, run, and manage their applications without the difficulty of creating and maintaining the infrastructure. Those software or applications were built and hosted by third party vendors. PaaS can let the customer to controls software deployment with minimal configuration options and the other configurations with be managed by the provider. The customers do not need to configure their own server or others because the provider will do the configuration for their customers and the customers can manage its server or others with an application. PaaS will provide an application for their customers or consumers to control their server or others. The benefits of PaaS are the provider will help the customers to patch or update platform features and hardware. Example of PaaS in Microsoft Azure are Microsoft Windows Azure, Microsoft Azure platform, SQL Azure, Azure Cloud Platform. PaaS will be the second higher cost because some of devices or others will be managed by the provider.Software as a Service in short form was SaaS which also well known by a lot of people. SaaS is like a software that are licensed and act as delivery model. SaaS provides browser-based interfaces let customers to easily access or customize it. The benefits of SaaS are we can use one applications to maintain many or multiple clients. SaaS able to let the customer to use the applications to control or manage their servers whether the customer is not there or at somewhere. Examples of SaaS in Microsoft Azure are Office Web Apps, Office Mobile Apps, Hosted email, Active Directory integration, Active Directory integration, Simple file sharing, Web conferencing, Public website, Intranet Team Sites, Site Mailbox, e-Discovery Centre, Advanced Voice, and Business Intelligence. The cost of SaaS will be higher than that of IaaS and PaaS because everything is managed by the provider.Azure Websites is the light version of Platform as a Service which is the easiest, low cost and fastest method to let your application to the cloud. The Websites will provide less configuration control, which mean the customers can use it without any difficulty to access the web applications. The customers can use IDE or configure source control like Git, GitHub, CodePlex and more. Azure Virtual Machines is the Infrastructure as a Service of Microsoft. It will provide a server for their customers in the cloud. The customers can manage everything from the Operation System that run their application. The customers can use the azure virtual machines to remote desktop into the server and their do not need to always sit in front of a physical keyboard and mouse to manage it. Microsoft Office 365 is one of the Software as a Service of Microsoft. It is a software which is built and hosted by through a third-party vendor. Most of the Software as a Services applications are built on a cloud platform because it can develop with low cost of entry. Requirement 3The two types of businesses that should adopt cloud computing are online shopping business and technology business. Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which is a kind of business that takes place online over the Internet. The coverage of the market is global as people all over the world are connected through Internet. Anyone can start an e-commerce business as long as one has the products or services. This kind of business does not require physical store, salespeople and warehouse to run it which make it easier to start up and cost less. An example of this business would be ZALORA which is an online fashion store that let suppliers and retailers to sell their products online. ZALORA only deal with the payment and shipment of the products bought by customers and the products are provided by the suppliers or retailers. As most of the e-commerce business involves online payment, the security plays a very crucial part. This is where cloud computing comes in because of the increased data security and document control. The latest developments of cloud computing technology were focusing on improving the security of data. This is obvious since the largest company out there also implement cloud computing. It is proven that cloud’s security is certified and the encryption processes that make confidential information secure, thus it gives either big or small businesses a peace of mind. In more details about the security of cloud, is that the cloud service provider has robust intrusion detection, firewalls, prevention systems and it also frequently perform security audits. Besides that, backup will not be a concern to the business owner anymore since cloud provides automatic backups.Many businesses make big investment on high-end components for IT infrastructure in the fear of losing all the data and information in case of disaster. The recovery cost a lot and it is not a small business can afford to do it and it takes a long time to do a full recovery. For example, a mere power surge is able to have a big impact on a server, and if small business stored everything in that server, it will face a serious loss. Although there are ways to recover them, but the time taken for the recovery is quite long, so the business will lose its productivity for days, weeks or even worse for months. Therefore, the recovery solutions available in cloud make the recovery faster and easier. Not only that it speeds up the recovery but it also saves them from calling experts for recovery solutions and the purchasing of new hardware and software.For the technology business, it is often known as tech company which mainly focus on the development and manufacturing of technologies. The subsets of technology company are information technology (IT) companies and also high-tech companies. Microsoft is one of the kind along with Apple, IBM, Oracle and Huawei. Apple itself adopts cloud computing at the beginning in 2011 where iCloud was based on Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services. After five years in 2016, Apple signed a deal with Google to use Google Cloud Platform also for iCloud services. The services provided by iCloud are backup and restore, email, Find My Friends, Find My iPhone, iCloud Keychain, iTunes Match, iWork for iCloud, Photo Stream iCloud Photo Library and storage. Apple also turn to cloud computing for the release of Siri, a program that has the ability of listening and answers users’ questions. The real magic happens in the cloud where the questions are being processed before giving out the answers. This gave Apple the opportunity to adapt and expand Siri overtime to enhance the Apple users’ experience.Apple is able to lower its capital expenditure on hardware and software, physical floor area and rack space for the servers and less electrical power assumption. Furthermore, the continuous management cost, expenses in purchasing hardware for upgrade and the cost for hiring personnel to manage the software are not to be worried since SaaS subscription provide those. If a cost-benefit analysis is done, it will surely show that the cost of implementing cloud computing is lower than going old-school. Thus, with lower cost brings business higher net profits and able invest more resources on boosting the business’s performance.New technologies give people a better life as they make our daily activities can be done faster compared to going about things the old way. Borderless world is the result of advanced technologies. Communication is faster thanks to cloud computing and collaboration and data sharing is more efficient than before for those employees who handle logistics of meeting physically or doing their work remotely. There is now need to worry about data overlaps which lead to confusion since there will be synchronization of all the data on the cloud server. Moreover, cloud offers great user-control due to the great ability of collaboration and data sharing. Requirement 4When it comes to cloud computing, the most crucial thing is the security of cloud service provider. An organization which is going to adopt this technology is required to ensure that the service provider conduct its business in a safe environment. That safe environment need to be safe from natural disaster and any possibility of situation that might affect the business. Besides that, customer also need to check the hardware and how the vendor run its business from the encryption of data to the physical stability of the system’s infrastructure. Also, one must ensure that the cloud provider has the technologies, personnel and policies to secure both provider’s and customer’s information. Moreover, the other concern about selecting a cloud service provider under the aspect of security is that understanding of the provider’s responsibilities towards the type of service you selected. There are several types of services provided by a cloud provider which are Infrastructure as a Service(IaaS), Platform as a Service(PaaS) and Software as a Service(SaaS). The security provided is only related to the services. For example, a company only selected Infrastructure as a Service from a cloud service provider but using own software, the company will be responsible for the security related to the software. In order to know a cloud provider’s security is up to standard, they need to undergo a third-party assessment of their security environment which is the Security Trust and Assurance Registry (STAR) certification program by the Cloud Security Alliance(CSA) and British Standard Institution(BSI). Those passed the programme will be listed in the registry of CSA STAR. Besides CSA STAR, there are other organization that provide standards, certifications and good practice guide such as ISO, ico., COBIT, ISAE 3402, IEC and more.The second key factor that should be considered when selecting the best cloud vendor is the reliability and performance. There are several ways to determine the reliability of the cloud service provider. Firstly, a customer can check the performance of cloud vendors against the Service-level agreement for the last six to twelve months beforehand. The SLA contains the aspects of service and there are quality, availability and responsibilities which are agreed between the client and service provider. The clients are not to expect perfection from their service provider since downtime cannot be avoided and they certainly will experience it at some point especially during heavy usage of the systems. Rather than that, the clients should know how the service provider handle the downtime when it occurs. The service provider is to ensure the monitoring and reporting tools are sufficient and able to work well with the clients’ overall management and reporting systems. Other than that, ensuring your selected provider has built, documented and proven countermeasures to deal with either planned or unplanned downtime. The cloud provider should have plans including contingency plans and standard operating processes on how they will communicate with their clients when issues arise including the punctuality, prioritization and severity of the issue assessment. The recovery ability and process after disaster is also an important to be looked into so that the client knows the service provider is able to preserve all the client’s data. This should include backup and restore, scheduling, integrity check, criticalness of data, data sources and more. (8 criteria to ensure you select the right cloud service provider, n.d.) The client and service provider must agree on the roles and responsibilities, escalation process and who are responsible for proof and document them in the service agreement. This is a crucial matter as client and service provider can clearly know their border of responsibilities. It is recommended for the client to purchase additional risk insurance if the costs of data recovery are not covered by the provider. Every customer would like to have a reasonable price of their cloud computing services or cloud storage systems and does not costs a lot. Customers will try to compare every cloud computing services or cloud storage systems price with as much service or benefits as possible because we know that no one like to gain loss in their businesses and they will try to go get the cheapest price with benefits to save more cost and gain more profit in the future. The cloud provider must know how to state a suitable price of their customers because most of the customers’ businesses will go for long terms services and they will have their own planning for future. The cloud provider will include the costs or fees for upload, download couriered drive restores, setup fees or maintenance as this can be the introduce cost which unpredictable because the some of the charges from others like Internet subscription fees, CPU usage and more will affect the pricing.A very affordable solution might not be the best choice of all as in many case this kind of solution lacks some features which are important for the client’s business. In result, additional costs might occur and increase the expenditure of client. On the other hand, a very extensive cloud solution that provide many features even those that are not needed for client’s business also not an ideal solution. In order to select the perfect solution, the client should have a better understanding of business’s requirements and the cost of cloud service to decide on which cloud vendor that offers the best price per performance ratio.