Role of Family in Health and Disease

Role of family in health and disease The good health of an individual primarily increases the longevity of an individual ‘s life . The sphere of health has increased far beyond the concept of health system of the previous generation , including exercise and well-being . In this context , autonomy means the right of the patient to choose the treatment that he believes is best for him .

The intimate knowledge of the family regarding the individual aids the decision making process .When the individual is in poor health , his actions are limited thereby necessitating support from family and friends Stress When there is a common problem creating stress , the whole family is stuck in a vicious cycle of negativity aggravating health related issues . When there is an increasing demand in the ability to cope stress becomes a threat to the physical and emotional well-being of the others as well Stress is a psychological and physiological response to events that cause personal imbalance in life .Prolonged exposure to stress increases the risk to health as stress is cumulative . Anything that forces one to adjust is a stressor . These include a divorce , a child leaving home , a planned pregnancy , a move to a new town , a career change , graduating process , diagnosis of a malignant disease . These events are rare occurrences in a lifetime .

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Therefore , analyzing further , we conclude that major stressors are the daily hassles and demands made on an individual Family and relationships are the most common stressors , though environmental conditions can be strenuous . Arguments , financial conditions , marital disagreements , rebellious teens , or caring for a chronically ill family member or a child with special needs can increase stress levels of all the family members . Some of these situations have an impact on society .Therefore , poverty , financial pressures , racial and sexual discrimination or harassment , unemployment , isolation , and a lack of social support take a toll on the quality of life and become stressful to deal with Stress Warning Signs and Symptoms Cognitive Symptoms Emotional Symptoms Memory problems Indecisiveness Inability to concentrate Poor judgment Anxious or racing thoughts Constant worrying Loss of objectivity Fearful anticipation Moodiness Agitation Restlessness Irritability , impatience Inability to relax.

Sense of loneliness and isolation Depression or general unhappiness Physical Symptoms Behavioral Symptoms Headaches or backaches Muscle tension and stiffness Diarrhea or constipation Nausea , dizziness Insomnia Chest pain , rapid heartbeat Weight gain or loss Skin eakouts (hives , eczema Eating more or less Sleeping too much or too little Procrastination , neglecting responsibilities Using alcohol , cigarettes , or drugs to relax Nervous habits (e . g . nail biting Overdoing activities (e . g .exercising , shopping Overreacting to unexpected problems.FAMILY STRESS Family stress is the imbalance between the demands of the family and its ability to cope .

The way in which the family perceives the stressor explains the values and previous experiences of the family in meeting the crisis . The family is aided by resources like the external support provided by friends , colleagues and the community . The central mechanism through which the stress is eliminated or managed is…