Running addition to literature review, reader will also

Running head: How educational system is currently working inPakistan                                                                    Adnan Shahzad Gill                                                                    ROLL NO : 20-10450                                                                            ENG – 103                    AlvinaWasim                                                                             Abstract Education for any country or region is considered as a vitalpart than other factors. In Pakistan, our Government pays more attention towardpeople who are from upper class and these masses are in minority. Policy makersare totally unaware of people that are in majority. These lower masses cannotfulfill their basic needs of life.  InPakistan education can play its part to make people more stronger socially andeconomically. In this paper, I will share my observation that I have noticedthroughout the Pakistan.  We are goingthrough the worst educational system in the history of this country especiallyin our backward areas such as south Punjab, Balochistan and few areas of Sindh.The paper will briefly tell about the structure and the current situation ofeducation system of Pakistan.

In addition to literature review, reader willalso be facilitated by the facts and figure. It will also explain the readerabout our educational system. So, in results these findings will support mystance regarding this problem.                 Contents  Introduction……………………………………………………………….

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01Literature Review………………………………………………………….03Data Analysis………………………………………………………………06Discussion…………………………………………………………………..15Conclusion…………………………………………………………………..16References……………………………………………………………………17                How educational system is currently working inPakistan                                                            01                                                                       Introduction Article 25-A of constitutionof Pakistan require the state to provide totally free and quality education tothe age group 5 to 16 years.

“The state shall provide free and compulsoryeducation to the children of the age group 5 to 16 years in such a manner asmay be determined by law”. The educational structure in Pakistan is formed insix levels preschool for age 3 to 5 years, primary school which formed forgrade one to five and middle school for grade six to eight and then High,intermediate and higher secondary school etc. After developing such huge structuresand laws the situation of educational system is still miserable. History ofPakistan is full of injustice with the educational system. They provide morebudgets to other institutes rather than education department.

Government neverfacilitates the education department so that they could do some improvements.If you see the situation of schools in backward areas still it is verysorrowful. Corruption in funds for education is causing big loss that is verydifficult to recover.Hypothesis; The purposefor choosing this topic is to narrate that what is educational structure and todefine the descending situation of educational system.

After giving theexplanation akin to problem, I will highlight that which factors areresponsible for this situation. So, that the reader could get awareness thathow can we overcome these downfalls. Research Questions;1)     Reasons for the failure of educationsystem in Pakistan.2)     How structure and situation of educationsystem can improve.

  How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            02 Methodology; Themethodology I adopted for this research is quantitative. I collected my data tobe studied and reviewed from library, articles as well as I interviewed thestudents and retrieved the data and adopted the data collection in the form ofthe survey questioners.  Objectives;Ø  Togive a deep insight on the circumstances of the educational system of Pakistan.Ø  Toprovide reasons for the failure of the educational systemØ  Totake public opinion about reforms in this system                    How educational system is currently working inPakistan                                                            03Chapter 2Literature ReviewQ1. What are the reasons for the failure of theeducation system in Pakistan?Pakistan is facing manyproblems like terrorism, poverty and political insecurity. These issues existin our society due to lack of awareness & literacy, and low standard systemof education.  Pakistan is facing numberof failures in educational system.

The education system in Pakistan is notproviding the quality education nor providing the skills that requires forprofessional careers. Institutions that strengthen the education department nowhave become the cause of social instability. Pakistan is a state that stands onIslamic ideology. Unfortunately, the people, who teach and interpret religious andformal education, are not helping masses about tolerance.

That is basic essencewhich we could get out education. Education teaches harmony and when peoplelearned it they start trying to protect cultural and ethnic norms of thesociety. Another main reason for the failure is that untrained teachers atprimary or at secondary level are not fulfilling the needs of the students. Inschools they do not introduce modern curricula and effective methods whichcould help students to learn different things in an interesting way. The otherreason is that education system is facing shortage of teachers.

They do notcome to school for student-teacher interaction. The other big issue is thatstudents themselves don’t consider education as a tool to experience actualknowledge. They always have this thing in mind that they can get degree bygiving money.

    How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            04Curriculum of oureducation system is very old from rest of the world. It has not direct relationwith the student’s lives. One of the major problems of our country is lack ofvocational or technical education. Huge numbers of policies were introduced inthe history of Pakistan, but those policies didn’t show any result, becausethese policies were failed in the implementation process. Low budget from parliamentaryinstitution is given to this department. Pakistan is included in those under developingcountries that spend less than 2% from its annual budget on. Corruption is thebiggest disaster that is draining the overall resources of education.

It is themain hinder in the improvements of education department. The world consideredus as the most gender discriminating country. Education opportunities for menand women are not equal. It is just because of lack of awareness of higherauthorities because they have no concerns with common messes. Q2. What are thepossible improvements?Firstly, there shouldbe the implementation of current educational policies.

Before introducing newpolicies we should work on our previous or pending policies. The curriculumshould be updated and modernized according to the needs of our people. Methodof teaching should be changed to create an interactive environment withinschool setup. So, that student may feel free to discuss their problems withteachers. Profession wise who are best at teaching they preferably moves inforeign countries. They can serve their here and give their worthy services totheir home land. Government should facilitate such professionals for thebetterment of this platform.  Lastly,parental socialization is the main player in this regard.

  How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            05       Giving them awarenessof education is very important because it can effectively work for their kidssocial and economic lives. One of the big issues is corruption that can beminimized through various strategies within the working places. People do thisact because of low income.

So, to reduce these factor law makers can introducefew policies for this cause. Government needs to increase the budget foreducation department because it is impossible to make improvements with lowbudget.  By adopting these ideas ourstructure and situation of education system can change. Pakistan can set anexample of role model in front of the world. If we prepare our children withmodern knowledge they will learn advance education and will give back to their communities.It is the need of our generation we have to think about it. Otherwise, we willnot able to show an effective role to the world.        How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            06Chapter 3Data AnalysisQuestion #1Is educational system failing in Pakistani society?       How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            07Question#2Who is responsible for the failure of education system?                             Administrativedepartment has to play an effective and vital role for the betterment ofeducation al system in Pakistan.

      How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            08Question#3Does this sector need improvement?  There is a need of an hour thateducational system has to be improved by the administrative department.      How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            09    Question#4Do you think curriculum is a major role player in schoolsystem? Curriculum of educational instituteneed improvement.     How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            10   Question#5Are there an advancement require in our curriculum? y                        Thereis general opinion that curriculum must be revitalized.     How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            11   Question#6Our school get in the funding for the improvement ofinfrastructure?There is a mixed response regarding this question majorityof the answers favor in the strong agree behavior.      How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            12  Question#7Do you see any corruption in these funds at micro and macrolevel?          How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            12 Question 8: Failure of publicschool strengthening private schools, at what level?                                              Failureof the government schools gives rise to the private schools which are takingadvantages of their loopholes and the condition of the government schools havebeen deterioration and tarnishing day by day.

     How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            13 Question#9Do you think government can takemore initiatives for the betterment of public schools?                                       Thegovernment can take initiative for the betterment of the society and the sectorrequires revolutionary steps to be taken on emergency basis.      How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            14   Do you think untrained teachers are the failure of thissector?   The diverse opinionsare showing that the untrained teachers are the failure of this sector.      How educational system is currently working inPakistan                                                            15Chapter4DiscussionEducational system ofour country cannot be compared to the other developing countries because wejust focus on degree or a paper that a student will earn during his educationalcareer. We do not focus on education in which a gain knowledge and groomed his personality.If we see the countries like China and Germany they have developed syllabus intheir own language. Here people do not focus on our regional language. We evendon’t have awareness of our mother tongue. We prefer to speak and write foreignlanguages because we have a mindset that if someone speaks good English thatperson is literary.

We can learn better skills of writing and listening in our ownlanguage. Kids failed are not able to perform well in schools because at home theirfamily members speak different language they use their mother tongue for bettercommunication. Moreover, the student teacher relation is not good and inresults students suffer from it. For providing quality education to our youngergeneration we do not need untrained teachers who are ruining the system.     How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            16Chapter5                                                                     ConclusionPakistan is facingplethora of problems in the domain of education. Due to this failure our studentsare not getting quality education that can make them good professional invarious fields.

Old educational policies and strategies are not helpful for thecurrent situation of this country. Also, the amendments in the current policiescan be considered supportive for the development of this system. We needprofessional with new ideas. The various education policies since independencehave only produced a mass of unemployed youth.

Nelson Mandela once said “Educationis the only powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. We talkedabout equality in Education and that is the basic right of every human being. Inour country there is a gendered biasness within educational system. Women get feweropportunities in pursuing their higher degree.

If some of them get higher leveldegree they do not go to the job market due to the family or societal presure. Reformsof our education system will take some time and it requires energetic anddedicated response. Hard work and constant effort of different people from differentgovernmental institutions can play an important role to change the currentsituation of our country.    How educational systemis currently working in Pakistan                                                            17Chapter5Referenceshttps://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2015/06/29/flaws-in-education-system/http://www.theglobepress.com/some-suggestions-for-improving-education-system-in-pakistan/