Salahaldeen DuraibiDr. Michael HaneyCOS 50412/2/2017ImprovingResilience in the Communication SectorAbstractResilience is animportant aspect of the communication sector as it ensures continuity and flowof operations during all seasons. It is the ability of a division to withstanddisruptions resulting from changing conditions and to achieve its setobjectives. This report thus seeks to examine the contribution of the majorplayers in the communication sector for establishing resilience. According toTheron and Bologna (201),resilience is attained through reconstituting communication services that arecrucial in mitigating effects of adversities encountered in the communicationsector. Additionally, this paper considers the various risks and hazards thatthe communication sector faces against the resources available to address thosethreats to improve resilience and the overall security of the sector.IntroductionAccording to Zarkin and Zarkin (355),communication sector is a fundamental part of the US economy which providescore support to all other sectors of critical infrastructure throughinterconnected systems of wireless and satellite transmissions.
The majorregulating bodies in this division include the Federal Communications Commission,Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association, and The Internet & TelevisionAssociation. Resilience which is the ability of a sector of any otherorganization to withstand disruptions and attain its set objectives during an adversityis a young developing concept in most global areas (Choi and Fischer 122).Therefore,resilience ensures that any sector is able to adapt to changing conditions andrecovers quickly from potential disasters. The roles of various agencies andpartners in the communications as well as resources available in the sector areimportant determinants of the resilience level in the communication sector. KeyPlayers in the Communication SectorZarkin and Zarkin (444) maintain thatthe major players in thecommunication sector are its regulating bodies, the industry partners and otheragencies or organizations that provide security and resilience support in the branch.The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates satellite, radio, cable,and television communications as an independent agency in the United States.
The FCC in its roles has six goals in specific areas of the media, broadband,the spectrum, homeland security, competition and public safety.Another importantregulatory organization is the Cellular Telecommunications and InternetAssociation (CTIA) which is a reprehensive body for the United States’ wirelessindustry. The CTIA controls all the wireless business certification programsand publish surveys for the wireless industry.Regarding theissues of security and resilience, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is themain agency that ensures that the communication sector is secure form risks andthreats including cyber-attacks, natural hazards and other factors that mayinterfere with the resilience and stability of the sector (Choi and Fischer 97). Other functions ofDHS cut across all the other parts of critical infrastructure and task thedepartment with the role of developing the specific resilience plan for everysector in the economy to keep America safe. However, it is important to notethat the DHS relies on the communication sector partnerships and othercross-sector interdependence in its efforts towards resilience (Normandin and Therrien 117).
Private partnerslike the American Tower, Comcast, and Charter Spectrum are also among the majorplayers in the communication sector (Bullock 55). Such partners provide intercourseservices like wireless or broadband systems to facilitate communicationoperations. Considering that the sector requires heavy investment in criticalinfrastructure, both private and public partnerships provide the assets andother services needed to facilitate the smooth operations of the communicationsector. In this case, companions in the communication sector are the owners ofits major holdings and available resources. Wireless, radio systems, broadband,cable systems and others are owned and facilitated by private and publicentities.
Therefore, they become the major stakeholders in the communicationsector that will always be needed when it comes to efforts of improving thedepartment resilience (Linkov and Palma-Oliveira33). EnhancingResilience in the Communication SectorDepartment of Homeland Security hasalways been in the frontline in the efforts of advancing security andresilience across all sectors of critical infrastructure (Zarkin and Zarkin 157). Regarding to DHS then established theCommunication Sector-Specific Plan to guide all its stakeholders in theirattempts to improve resilience in the division. The Specific sector plan thusoutlines the risks and hazards that the communication department may encounteron its way, presents the available options in tackling such threats as well asprofiled priorities based on the sector’s vision and goals. Having put thisplan in place, DHS relies on other agencies like the Federal Communications Commissionand private partners in the sector to implements any plans towards theirobjective of promoting resilience (Normandin and Therrien111).
This is due to the fact the plans of DHS and even FCC can only be realizedthrough the co-operation of the owners of television and radio systems,wireless systems and other telecommunication networks.Pesch-Cronin and Marion (325) explain that thecommunication sector is faced with risks such as natural hazards of hurricanesand earthquakes, manmade threats like terrorism and cyber risks which interferewith its security and overall resilience. When physical hazards strike in acountry, the major communication infrastructure is damaged. It is the same casewith terrorism attacks or explosives and cyber-attacks which disrupts thesmooth flow of operations in the communication sector (Lopez and Ha?mmerli133). Private and public owners of the communication components such as televisionnetwork will then have to facilitate the recovery of their systems followingsuch attacks. The ability of the owners to fund the assets or any backupresources required to respond to these risks is what determines the resilienceof the entire sector.
However, the communication area will rely on otherdependency sectors such the energy division for fuel as well as transport andwater sectors for support on essential resources needed by the criticalinfrastructure partners (Frost 107).Promotingresilience requires proper assessment and analysis of sector infrastructure,possible threats, dangers, and risk management implementation strategies. Themajor key players in the communication division must identify the availablesystems and assets that are crucial to the functionality of the sector to comeup with proper policies to improve its resilience (Brassettand Vaughan-Williams42).The promotion of resilience in the communication sector has since then be basedon risk reduction strategies which ensure that the major dangers to the sectorare minimized to prevent serious disruptions to the communicationinfrastructure.ConclusionIn conclusion, resilience in thecommunication sector depends on the common efforts of all its agencies andpartners.
The Federal Communications Commission, the CTIA and the DHS amongother agencies and sector partners facilitate the implementation of objectivestargeting the improvement of resilience in the communication sector. Theprivate and public partners as the owners of major components of the sectorprovide the assets and systems required as part of the communicationinfrastructure. In this case, the efforts of DHS to promote resilience shouldcombine with the partners’ ones to attain the sectors’ goals. In addition tothis, improving resilience requires proper risk assessment to identify major dangersto develop proper risk management strategies.
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