Student: Chaewon YunCommittee: Human Rights CommitteeTopic: Ensuring basic human rights in prisons and other detention facilities.Country: Syrian Arab RepublicSchool: Universal American SchoolThe denotation of a Detention Facility is, “a public or private residential facility which includes construction fixtures designed to physically restrict the movements and activities of juveniles ((people incriminated of having committed an offense or of any other individual accused of having committed a criminal offense) or other individuals held in lawful custody used for the temporary placement” according to the legal US dictionary. This system of isolation, restriction, and sometimes even rehabilitation is used globally under the denominations of prisons and jails.Since the March of 2011, the uprise of the Syrian regime, accountable numbers of Syrians died in detention facilities run by Mukhabarat, the government’s security agency such as the Saydnaya Military Prison (“Saydnaya”) and extermination through torture and inhuman treatment. With the leading cause of death being lack of medical care with prisoners frequently dying as a result of completely preventable medical quandaries and poor conditions of prison cells, size ranging from 10 x 6 feet (3 x 2 meters) to 10 x 10 feet (3 x 3 meters) holding from 28 to 50 people on average. According to people who slept in these shifts and the survivors, they verbally express that, “It was like being in a room of dead people. They were trying to finish us there.”This does not only breach, violate, and is an extreme misconduct of the UDHR (Macrocosmic Declaration of Human Rights) and the International Human Rights Standards for Prison Officials. One of the most important being: “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or penalization. There are no exceptions”. With torture defined as “any act by which severe physical or phrenic… mental pain or suffering is intentionally inflicted on a person, other than that which is inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions”.Notable accounts of Syrians in these facilities stating to have been “beaten with plastic hose pipes, silicone bars, and wooden sticks. Scalded with hot water and burnt with cigarettes. Others were coerced to stand in water and given electric shocks”. This does not only challenge the quantifications of the UN, but it affects people inside Syrian prisons, where an estimated 17,723 have died since 2011 by CNN. A call for equity, consequences for transgressing these laws of equality and peace, and a possible re-enforcement of laws is vital for this very own nation to grow and develop on the humanitarian aspect. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture (UNCAT)) is an international treaty of human rights, with 82 signatories, ?and 162 parties. With the leading purpose being to “prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world”. Even though this treaty isn’t signed by the Syrian Arab Republic, it is under the name of accession from 19 Aug 2004, (the act whereby a state accepts the offer or the opportunity to become a party to a treaty already negotiated and signed by other states and can only occur where the negotiating states agreed or subsequently agree on it in the case of the state in question. Having the same licit effect as ratification).