TaylorEisnerMr.EvansChemistry12/6/17Saponification is the process of makingsoap, but there is a lot more things that are behind this process of makingsoap. This paper is for people who want to know what making soap is all about.We will be covering the reaction and process of making soap, the history behindmaking soap, and the importance of saponification. This story below issomething that will be amazing that soap can actually do to someone’s body andstay like this after death.The scientific part of the paper is the best part because youlearn about how things were made a long time ago. There is always a reaction insomething that has chemical materials in it like for instance soap.
Thereaction is actually very simple if you know what the material are in themaking soap part. It is Triglyceride + Sodium = Glycerol and then that equalsthe soap.1 It is petty cool when you start to think about it. Theprocess is not as simple as the reaction but it is still cool. Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids.When triglycerides in fat/oils react with aqueous NaOH or KOH, they areconverted into soap and glycerol. This is called alkaline hydrolysis of esters.
Since this reaction leads to the formation of soap. This sounds really complicatedbut it isn’t. What they are saying is that soaps are made out of sodium orpotassium with salt and fatty acids. When fatty acids react with NaHO that isalso with water or KOH that has water. It is converted into glycerol or soap.4We talked some about the materials that are in soap and is notthat many.
There is 3-M sodium, hydroxide solution, and sodium chloride.3There is only three things, but like scientists have found out is that theprocess and reaction is much more complicated than three materials.Now that you have learned all the science behind saponification,it is time to learn about the history. The Babylonians were the first to masterthe art of soap making in 2800 B.C. Then the Egyptians in 1500 B.
C useddifferent animal mixtures and vegetable oils with alkaline salts to produce asoap like substance. According to Pliny the Elder, the Phoenicians used goat’stallow and wood ashes to create soap in 600 B.C.In 1791, a Frenchman named LeBlanc discovered a chemical processthat allowed soap to be sold for significally less money. More than twentyyears later, another Frenchman identified relationships between glycerin, fats,and acids what marked te beginning of modern soap making.
Soap became even less expensive by 1800 and liquid hand soaps wereinvented in the 1970’s and this invention keeps soaps in the public view.2Last but not least is why issoap so important? Well we use it every single day for most of us. We bath withsoap, we wash our clothes with soap, and we wash dishes with soap, but wecannot go on and on with it. But it is very important because we need thismaterial to live because if we do not have soap we will get infections anddiseases and we could die. That is not a very happy topic, but it is the truthand we need to know.The process, reaction, andhistory is behind saponification or making soap and more complicated than itlooks.
Also everyone in this world needs soap because if we do not, the humanrace will not survive. 1. www.lanmuffin.
com2. www.amrita.alabs.edu.in3. www.