In both the male and female responses, the percentage of those agreeing with the statement increased with age.
68 percent of men aged 50-54 felt strongly with the statement rising to 84 percent at age 80 and over. 70 percent of women felt strongly with the statement in the age group 50-54, rising to 84 percent at 80 and over. In the 80 and oversee, the response for males and females were the same with 84 percent agreeing that they felt that they belonged to their neighborhood.The biggest difference in responses between men and women was in the 70-74 age group, where 3 percent more women let they belonged than men. The response from all those aged 16 and over shows a significant drop in strong agreement with the statement that respondents felt like they belonged to their neighborhood, 64 percent for men, 68 percent for women and 66 percent overall. This increase in agreement in older age groups could be due to the fact that respondents as they age will spend more time in their neighborhood as they retire and are less likely to leave the neighborhood.
However, as the table only shows quantitative data, this is subjective and cannot be rover and further investigations would need to be undertaken to look into why this trend is happening. Table 2 shows how strongly respondents felt about their relationships and associations with their neighbors and whether they meant a lot to them. In this table it is clear that for men, friendships are clearly important and this importance increases steadily with age.
In the 50-54 age group, 61 percent of men strongly agreed, rising steadily to 81 percent at age 80 plus. However, in the women’s responses, although they rose until aged 70-74, there was then a drop of 1 percent in he 75-79 and 80 plus aged group. Overall for both men and women the table shows a significant rise from 64 percent to 82 percent.
As with table 1 though, the results for all those respondents aged 16 and over show a smaller percentage of respondents agreeing strongly and this is the same for both males and females.In conclusion, it would appear that by looking at both tables, that neighborhoods and neighborhood relationships would appear to become more important as people begin to get older. 471 words Examine the argument that neighborly relations are always characterized by roundly distance. The term neighborhood is usually defined as a physical space in which people reside in close proximity to each other. However, it is much more, it also refers to a set of social relationships and interactions that are not always obvious or easily seen.There is an idea that neighbors should maintain what is often termed a friendly distance. They are expected to be friendly and on hand to provide help in times of need whilst at the same time respecting the other person’s need for privacy and personal space.
This essay will look into the nature of spinsterhood relationships and how the identities people create for themselves can help to maintain a sense of social order. It will then go on to discuss how neighbors manage disputes and restore social order when these neighborhood relationships break down.How an individual behaves with their neighbors is often taken for granted. People learn from an early age how social interaction works and that they may need to change their behavior according to the social situation they are dealing with. Order is maintained when people are aware of their relational identity. People have different identities for dealing with different people in their lives for example, a person would not act in the same way when talking to their employer as they would talking to their child.Similarly, they would not act in the same way at home as they would in the street or supermarket.
(Byword 2009, p. 249) An individual’s relationship with their neighbor will depend on several factors including age, socio-economic status, cultural background, length of time spent at that address and their own individual personality and preferences. As already issued in the introduction, neighbors are expected to have a friendly disposition but also a respect for others need for privacy (Wolcott cited in Byword, 2009, p. 53). If the definition of a good neighbor is one of a person who is friendly but still maintains a distance then this division between public and private lives necessitates the need for careful rules. These rules operate on an unconscious level habitually in everyday life. As in a slow dance the smooth steps of social order are maintained when neighbors are in close proximity to each other without being too close (Byword, 009, p.
254). Just as important as friendliness amongst neighbors is the ability to maintain distance.The division of private and public space can become a problem when these boundaries are crossed (Fox cited in Byword, 2009, p. 126). Whilst it is acceptable to chat to a neighbor over the garden fence it becomes unacceptable when the neighbor comes into the garden without an invitation.
One example is that of a neighbor redelivering a parcel sent to the wrong address. ‘Neighbor: Hi, Mr. Byword? Me: Yeses..
. Neighbor: I’m sorry to bother you. I live over there in Cherry Avenue. (Byword, 009, p. 257) In the exchange above, the norms of friendly distance and therefore social order are maintained by the polite exchange.Both parties use the opportunity to explain their intent and identity.
A neighbor knocking at the door to re-deliver a parcel is unlikely to expect to be invited in for a cup of tea and the exchange would be limited to the doorstep. However, if it was a friend who knocked unexpectedly then there is more likelihood of an invite into the house. The issue of intrusion into private space can cause a breakdown in neighborhood relations and therefore social order.
Elizabeth Stoke (2006) studied complaints of noise, specifically the sound of sexual intercourse coming from next door.She found that complaints were difficult to discuss amongst neighbors due to their intimate nature. The complaint could also be considered an infringement of the right of the neighbors’ privacy to do as they wish in their own home. Stoke went on to observe how neighbors managed to negotiate and deal with the problems involved in discussing complaints about intimate noise. She discovered that whilst neighbors should speak to each other in the street and be elite and courteous and should put up with minor transgressions, they should equally ensure that their private activities do not encroach on other people’s privacy and space.This leads to the debate on what is considered normal and reasonable behavior as opposed to abnormal and unreasonable behavior (Stoke cited in Byword, 2006, p. 265).
A research study in Manchester in 2004 observed how people communicated with their neighbors outside of the home. They stated that they would talk to their neighbors but didn’t go inside each other’s homes. Those that did sit their neighbor’s homes were consciously aware of avoiding over neighboring and of a need to respect privacy and private space (Harris and Gale cited in Byword, 2009, p. 259).Byword (2009) states that in different cultures and countries there can be huge variations in neighborhood behavior and differing rules regarding social interaction amongst neighbors. In the Manchester research, an asylum seeker was confused when his British neighbors would not simply drop by and visit his home. As a recent arrival to the country he was unaware that Just dropping by is not customary amongst neighbors in the I-J (Byword, 2009, p.
259). Stanley Branded, an anthropologist in the sass, traveled to decades in Spain to study the effects on arbitration on rural villages.On arrival, Branded was made welcome and treated as a member of the family. Branded became aware that there was no distinction between public and private spaces. Residents kept their doors open throughout the day and popped in and out of each other’s homes without invitation.
The familiarity amongst villagers suggested to Branded that residents did not care for privacy but displayed a pathological fear of it. Residents of decades who sought or expected privacy were subjected to censure and criticism and seen as rude or impolite (Branded cited in Byword, 2009, p. 60). In conclusion it would appear that neighborly relations are characterized by friendly distance.
There are rules and conventions which control how people interact with each other and in turn maintain social order. However there is a fine line between respecting privacy and giving support when necessary. There may be times when boundaries are overstepped and disputes can occur between neighbors. Resolution can be achieved and social order restored hen those boundaries are put back into place and a friendly distance is maintained.