THE PROBLEM–ITS BACKGROUNDMan’s pursuit for informationhas led to the development and accumulation of remarkable volume ofinformation.
This search for knowledge recognizes no restrictions and limitsand is never satisfied. It has continued since the birth of evolution to the presentage. This hard-earned understanding and information is treasured for the wholemankind and therefore responsible to be well-kept. Through the discovery ofpaper man has been able to express this knowledge to others by writing books.Thousands of manuscripts have been written by the wise men of the previoustimes but many of them were ruined due to the lack of proper means ofpreservation. With the discovery of printing press, it became at ease topreserve the knowledge in the arrangement of printed documents. This steered tothe generation of a large amount of books.
The need for the maintenance anddistribution of information led to the formation of more and more libraries.Now and then, manylibraries continuously make all the efforts in providing resources for instructionand updated services. Additional techniques have been taken by librariesproposing educational classes or one-on-one teaching programs.
Differentlibraries include outreach programs in their annual action plan activities thatwill cater the needs of specific groups with limited educational skills.An interchange is usually between two or moreassociations involving a momentary exchange of resources, while an exchangewill comprise cooperation on a wider scale, to contain exchange of all kinds ofmaterials, exchange of information (for both staff and reader inquiries), useraccess to participating libraries, sharing of bibliographic catalogs, unionlists, and other bibliographic utilities, and supportive training programs ofpersonnel of participating libraries. Library cooperation states to a equally useful sharing ofresources recognized by two or more libraries, or, it may be an umbrella termfor a varied scale of collaboration procedures and instruments for libraries.According to Agbo (2013), from timeimmemorial, both terms ‘knowledge and information’, which are central to thetopic of our seminar today have remained the ‘stock in trade’ or better still,the ‘articles of trade’ in libraries and librarianship. From its earliest, modestbeginning, libraries have, till today, been closely associated with and thusclosely related to both concepts. Hence, knowledge and information haveremained the conscious ‘focus of interest’ of libraries and librarianship thusgiving rise to the term knowledge society which has become a household termthese days. It’san identified statement that no library even those in first world countriescould claim comprehensiveness in their collection and this is more so forlibraries in a developing country like the Philippines. Though the yearning toprovide our clienteles with materials for their research needs regardless of alimited budget has always been the major stimulus that led librarians intomeans that could supplement whatever collection they have in their own library.
And so consortium was introduced. Consortia have been in the Philippines evenin the early 1930’s though it was termed differently but the idea was one andthe same, as it is understood in the present year.The purposes of libraries have been changing over timesbecoming more faceted and multifarious. This modern concept of the librarymakes it defy the definition given to it in the earlier times.
Libraries arenot institutions/building/warehouses/stores etc. of materials, but are agents ofeducational, social, economic and political changes or revolutions in thecommunity and their doors are now open to all who need them. Lehman (2011) Consortium is now the widespread mode that carriestogether librarians and libraries for activities and objectives that cannot beas successfully undertaken individually. It may be called a “consortium,” a”network,” an “association,” or a “virtual Library.
” It may be informal,formal, or government-sponsored. In the Philippines it all started as informalorganization of cooperating libraries with a simple purpose of interlibrarylending. As time passes by it developed and led to the first consortium, the Inter-InstitutionalConsortium which was established in 1972.The original members are De La SalleUniversity-Manila, St.
Scholastic’s College, St. Paul College-Manila,Philippine Christian University, and Philippine Normal University. A government-sponsored consortium, onthe other hand, is one that has a prescribed purpose (usually imposed by thesponsoring government agency), with a geographical coverage, governmentfunding, government oversight, and permanent staff. The DOST-ESEP Consortium isan excellent example.
Today, the willingness and commitment tocooperate are still measured by the proactive responses of our model consortialibraries engaged in traditional library borrowing and lending to the issuesand concerns in expediting their ILL (Inter-Library Loan) and DDS (DocumentDelivery Services) services. A few of these cooperating institutions also providedirect borrowing on-site for faculty and students, such as IIC (IndiaInternational Centre), IUC (Inter University Center) , and CCAL (Cagayan de OroCooperating Academic Libraries). Because libraries are now able to have adirect link to the online catalogs of the other libraries, users can easilyidentify the location of desired books or journals, and either request aninterlibrary loan or go to the owning library. Thanks to the Internet, collaborativeprograms now extend far beyond the traditional.
Much of the information that isavailable on the Internet is free. And even if some are not free, they areusually low-cost. Once the networking infrastructure is in place, the expenseof electronic information becomes minimal. What this means for cooperatinglibraries which use the Internet as their base of operations, is that theinformation they are sharing is far less costly than if the same informationwere printed and shipped thousands of miles. Equity in terms of librarycooperation should not be a major problem. Each library has its own uniquematerials that can be offered to the public domain, and in the context of freeor almost-free.
This study, therefore, is an attempt to evaluate the Managementof Library Leadership Practices among South Manila Educational Consortium inexpanding access and resources of the library among member schools. SIGNIFICANCEOF THE STUDY Librariesoften group together in consortia for cooperative resource purchasing andsharing expertise. The challenge brought about by the new technology like theuse of internet instead of going to the library in the quest for information isa major concern among libraries of educational institution. Librarians are made aware of the importanceconsortia, which will give interest to students to visit and work on theirresearches in the library. This study may be of benefit to the following: Students. This study may contributegreater acquisition and wide source of information. It may also motivate themto visit more often the libraries and spend more time doing research works thatmay help them function effectively as individuals. If students will be exposedto different library materials and are made to be aware of the libraryconsortium, learning process becomes more effective and achievement level willbe greatly be affected.
Teachers. It may give way towards themodification of existing instructional media being utilized in teaching. It mayhelp teachers to obtain information on the utilization of audio – visualmaterials in enhancing interests among students. This study may be beneficialto the teachers who will adopt the uses of the library in teaching. Librarians.
It will keep them abreastof the latest among libraries especially the sharing of resources andexpertise. It may also help them in improving the library services to make it aplace more interesting and conducive to learning. Administrators. It may provide thebasis of information in strengthening the library services offered in schools.It may serve as an eye opener to make them realize the importance of libraryconsortium in the upliftment of the program.
Administrators can initiate theimplementation of library consortium if proven effective.THEORETICALFRAMEWORK The purpose of this paperis to build up a theoretical framework to study the SMEC expanding access andresources of the library among member schools and for facilitating effectiveand targeted planning and design of learning environments within the memberschools and environments will be shared. The theory thatguides this study is the “SystemsTheory”. In simplest terms, systems theory argues that for the whole system(organization) to effectively function and produce positive results all itsparts which must be interrelated must work interdependently. Systems theory isa way of elaborating increasingly complex systems across a continuum thatencompasses the person-in-environment (Anderson, Carter, & Lowe). Theinterpretation of this theory is that it advocates for team work among all thecomponents of the whole system in order to realize a positive change.
In thiscase, the library of the member school being a subsystem of the university mustmake its useful contribution towards the mandate of the larger system SouthManila Educational Consortium (SMEC) that is to provide lifelong educationthrough distance learning. The Library and faculties/lecturers as subsystems ofa lager system in the name of (SMEC), must actively collaborate in order toeffectively achieve the goal of providing distance education.In addition, systems thinking which is basicallyderived from Systems Theory alsoemphasizes on team work in order for any organization to achieve its vision.Systems thinking is discipline that integrates four other disciplines – sharedvision, personal mastery, mental models and team learning. All thesedisciplines are useful when planning and implementing change within anorganization. Systems thinking also builds shared vision.
In order to utilizesystems thinking, you need to bring together representatives of all areasinvolved as a group. When a group has a shared vision, the group can comprehendand create images of exactly what the group desires. All participants in thegroup can then see other’s point of view and visions. This enables the group toapply multiple perspectives to a problem. A shared vision also makes allparties involved feel they are part of the vision and will be more likely toassist in the implementation of the vision. Library services in this case, areessential support services that can bring about a successful delivery ofdistance education to students.
It is also theresearcher’s view that in order for the role of SMEC in expanding access andresources of the library among member school to be worthy and credible, theeducation delivery system should be improved. This can only be achieved by thecombined efforts of the Library, faculties involved in teaching and theDirectorate of Distance Education (DDE) to design a suitable mode ofsupplementary information service and curriculum which should includeinformation literacy. The researcher’s argument is that DDE and lecturers alonewithout the active involvement of other stakeholders such as the library maynot meet all the needs of distance students. The library’s active role insupplementing the tasks carried out by lecturers, tutors and DDE is key inhelping distance education students to study well. This supplement is needed tofill up the information gaps that the distance students need for their researchin order to positively shape up their degrees.Figure 1 illustratesa linear nature of the system. There are inputs, outputs, and outcomes.
However, what happens in the system is slightly mysterious, and one can only quantifythe changes by perceiving the outputs in relationship to the outcomes or goalsof the system. Workers can be in contrast or modify the inputs, together withtheir own actions, to create a change in the system. The system occur within asocial environment. Thus certain factors in the social environment disturb thesystem and its outcomes and outputs. The system also interfaces with othersystem or collateral systems. There are hopes on the role and function of thesystem to conform to standards within the larger social environment.
SYSTEM MODEL OUTCOME feedback S worker SYSTEM Social Environment output inputs Collateral System feedback Figure 1. Theoretical Framework Systems TheoryAnderson, Carter, & Lowe Research Paradigm Library management of theSouth Manila Educational Consortium take charge on the different roles like inadministration, collection and Personnel. The library management also involvesin the services and use as well as physical facilities in order to produce thebest practices of the member-schools. Library Management (South Manila Educational Consortium) Role: – Administration – Collection – Personnel Services and Use Physical Facilities Best Practices Figure 2.
Research ParadigmSTATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMThe main thrust of thisstudy is to determine the Management of Library Leadership Practices amongSouth Manila Educational Consortium. Specifically, the study requires answers to the followingquestions:1. What is the extent of the role of the South Manila EducationalConsortium as regards:1.1. Administration;1.2. Collections;1.
3. personnel 2. What is the level of services extended by the South Manila EducationalConsortium as regards: 2.1. services and use 2.
2. physical facilities 3. Is there a significant difference between theassessments in terms of their role: 3.
1 administration 3.2 collection 3.3 personnel 4.
Is there a significantdifference between the services extended by the SMEC schools in terms of: 4.1 services and use 4.2 physical facilities 5. Whatlibrary leadership practices can be noted & be shared as a result of thestudy Hypotheses This study tested the following null hypotheses:Ho1. There is no significant difference in between the assessments interms of their roles in administration, collection, and personnelHo2. There isno significant difference between the services extended by the SMEC schools in terms ofservices and use and physical facilities. DEFINITION OF VARIABLES For the benefit of those who will readthis research, the following terms are operationally defined:Digital Images.
These refers to the electronic snapshots taken of a scene orscanned from documents, such as photographs, manuscripts, printed texts, andartworks. The digital images is used by consortium library to easy access ofstudents and other library users.Document Delivery. This refers to the servicewhere a clients of one library can be sent journal articles and other copies ofitems that are owned by another library.E-mail. This refer to the system for sending and receiving messageselectronically over a computer network.
Internet. This refer toconnecting a computer to any other computer anywhere in the world via dedicated routers and servers.Library Consortium. This refer to alibrary consortium is an association of a group of libraries, which are cometogether for achieving the common objectives. LibraryInformation System. This refer to the online public access catalog includes all theprint and non-print holdings of the library.
It also includes software, audiovisuals and computer.LibraryLeadership Practices. These refer tothe leadership actions that change the diverse approaches and values used thatprimes to the directive action and transfers beyond needs in the library.
Library Management Information System. This refer to a system that makes use of information technology (IT) tocarry out managerial objectives. Library Services. Theserefers to the arrangement of the library and its resources, management, timeallotted to the libraries from the work and the program of book lending.ResourceSharing. It refers to a collaboration withone or more libraries to maximize access to a larger array of resources bysharing the collections of the cooperating libraries or pooling funding topurchase shared digital resources.South ManilaEducational Consortium. This is a groupof higher educational institutions in the southern portion of Manila.
SCOPEAND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDYThis study was centered on the Management of LibraryLeadership Practices among South Manila Educational Consortium. It involved about 50 Librarians among member school of SMEC. Inparticular, the study wish to find out if there will be improvement inexpanding access and resources of the library among member schools. It involvesthe role of SMEC in terms of administration, collections and library personnel.Similarly the services rendered by the consortium school were also included inthe study.