The Demographics of Immigration to Japan

Japan is one of the fastest growing economic countries in East-Asia. This well-developed country offers the best technology and lifestyle in the world. However, as the fertility rate continues to decline, it has caused a demographic challenge to Japan. Ultimately, as a solution Japan has is to open immigration and make suitable preparations for a new policy to follow, even if there are different challenges in introduction foreign workers to the Japanese society. In the fast growing country, Japan continues to decline in fertility rate as the young generation persist on their career and have no intention in marrying early.

Even if they were to marry at a young age, the current living expense for a child would be too burdensome for a newly-wed couple. As a result, the “ratio of the working-age population to the retired-age population increased from 11.0 in 1920 to 12.

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2 in 1950” (United Nations Population Division: Japan, P53), and this pattern has continued to sustain through the past years to present. With this demographic challenge at hand, Japanese leaders have been discussing a significant policy that will change and improve Japan’s demographics; including “increase immigration to the island nation” (Duff: 2008, P1). The Japanese government hope through opening immigrations to Japan would allow changes to the current demographics, increasing the working-age ratio. In opening immigration to Japan, there can be many further confrontation, such as the cultural differences and conflict between different nationalities, which may cause the act to fail in solving Japan’s demographic challenge. The Japanese hold a negative attitude towards individualism (Geert Hofstede: 2012, P1) and retain a masculine approach in facing their country matters; dominant, and hard to be swayed. In taking this approach, it is difficult for the Japanese people to accept any foreigners in their daily lifestyle, not to mention migrating and living in.

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