The Soviet Union having such a vast land makes it hard for the government to control all the people in the country. Around 1917, the soviets Union literacy rate was ¨45%¨ which was more than half of the population was illiterate. Lenin was making movements by spreading his ideals through newspapers. However, When Stalin took over the Soviet Union he wanted to implement his own idea of communism. In order for it to be achieved, he needed citizens to believe everything he said and people to spread his ideas.
Therefore, Stalin use of propaganda through different types of media helped him gain support from the russian people and it made it easier to control them. Stalin needed to control over the russian people and the easiest way to do was propaganda. For example, most propaganda (news) now days is spread through media. Stalin’s wisdom and brilliance was extolled daily in the official Soviet newspapers. Hardly an article appeared in any journal that did not include the obligatory reference to his greatness. That all his accomplishments of the Soviet union were thanks to him. However, the newspaper companies had to follow certain guidelines in order to share something with the Russian people.
They had to ¨get approved¨ by the russian government. If it went against them publishers would be either sent to jail or killed. In addition, Stalin had to put all the media he could into use because more than 55% the people in his country were illiterate. Therefore, he had radio and posters so his message could be delivered to those who did not know how to read. Normally, the poor were in the countryside far away from the urban area and they only way they could hear news was by going to radio receivers that were placed in communal places. In addition, propaganda affected the peasant the most because it made them feel fear of what Stalin and his government was capable of doing. For example, when Stalin implemented Collectivization because he wanted the country to industrialize at a fast rate. He made slogans that said ¨Who will collectivize faster?¨ in order to see if that would motivate people to work harder.
However, kulaks and other peasants saw it as who ¨does not join kolkhoz is an enemy of Soviet Power.¨ Fear was put into them and they did everything like it was against their will. They did it not because they wanted to but because they were afraid they were going to take work camps or executed. Another way that Stalin got his message to the Illiterate was through through train wagons. They had paintings of the father figure of the Soviet Union. Sometimes pictures speak more than words which gave the people the general idea of what Stalin wanted to profese.
Propaganda made a huge impact the way it characterize Stalin. For example, propaganda made stalin Develop a cult personality. Painting and poetry begin to feature Stalin during the early 1930s, highlighting his love for children and glorifying his role as the hero of the Civil War. Former heroes of Russia are revealed as traitors during the five year plan as Stalin is presented as a strong leader to lead through tough times. Promoting prosperity in the future for the Soviet Union.
At the end of the 1930s, shows Stalin shown as a more detached and superior person. Statues present him as monumental and all-powerful as Russia prepares for war. By the 1940s, Stalin dominated the USSR with his image appearing literally everywhere. Portraits show him in “god like” figure. People viewed him like that because he got them out of world war 2 and made the Soviet Union as a world power.
It restored the image of the country all thanks to the one and only leader Joseph Stalin. Length of applause for Stalin becomes longer and longer as his popularity grows. Furthermore, Stalin needed people to carry his task in the future. Therefore, he targeted the youth group.
There’s no more efficient way to shape the minds of the next generation than in the classroom. Children learned from their earliest moments to generate Stalin as the provider of all good things. All textbooks wrote that Stalin was the master builder of the Soviet nation. Schools across the country had ¨political shrines, marches, songs and pledges of allegiance¨ dedicated to Soviet leadership. Young Pioneers, a national youth group organization for children ages 10 to 15, taught members to fight the enemies of socialism.
Although membership to the organization was neither mandatory nor automatic, almost all children in the Soviet Union belonged to it. At such a young age, kids can be lured into believing anything because they are naive and they don´t know right from wrong. The morals they acquire when they are growing up they put those acts into action. They were the perfect people to teach how to work so in the future the soviet Union had a working class that didn´t oppose the leader. The youth is going to be the ones that are going to lead the country in the future. If Stalin brainwashed the younger generation, he would have less enemies and securing the future of spread of Stalinism.Overall, Propaganda was used through media so Stalin could spread out his ideals.
The people of the Soviet Union only wanted someone to guide them in the correct path. Stalin promised reform and change to bring them out of misery. He was such a great speaker that it brought fear within the people and brought authority figure to his persona. In addition, Stalin was so superstitious of people that he thought that they were going to kill him. Therefore, by showing people put into prison camps because they were seen as ¨enemies¨ of the motherland.
His propaganda was successful in the way that he managed to start the industrial revolution in the Soviet Union. With all the propaganda he said he told ¨big enough lies¨ that his people believed him.