The history of the New England Patriots began when Boston business executive William “Billy” Sullivan and Sullivan Brother Printers, owned by Joseph Sullivan, were awarded the eighth and final franchise of the developing American Football League (AFL) on November 16, 1959. The New England Patriots official first team name was known as the Boston Patriots, and little did this new AFL team know, that one day they would become one of the greatest football organizations of all time. Sullivan’s AFL team began its career severely underfunded. The team couldn’t even afford their own stadium and were forced to play their home games at Boston Universities Nickerson Field (formerly the site of the Boston Braves’ home ballpark Braves Field). The team also struggled with paying proper staff and players a reasonable salary which resulted in a slow start. Even though they were underfunded The newly formed team successfully started their first season under the head coach of Lou saban in 1960. Saban began his career as a football player for the University of Indiana and later played for the Browns. His love of the game however pushed him to pursue a career in coaching which landed him a Job with the Boston Patriots. Under Saban’s helm the young team struggled, leading them to a 5-9 record. Next year Saban was determined to increase his team’s caliber, he did this by initiating a trade for Babe Parilli who was a former Packer by offering him 20,000 dollars. This trade at the time was the largest trade the AFL had ever seen. Even with this trade and having one year under his belt Lou Saban had a 2-3 record halfway during the season and was ultimately fire by Billy Sullivan and replace by the former assistant coach and new head coach Mike Holovak. Holovak began his football career as an All American full back for Boston college. After graduating college Holovak was successfully drafted in the first round by the Rams. Once he had enough of the AFL he decided to try his hand at coaching and landed an assistant job with the Boston Patriots. He then successfully became the Patriots head coach after The firing of Saban. Years of consistency and success led to Holovak being named one of the best coaches to have served the Boston Patriots, due to his back to back 9-4 seasons plus 4 other winning seasons earning him an alltime 49-29 record. However controversy erupted from claims that Holovak was verbally abusing opposing teams fans leading to him being let go from the organization. Years later the Boston Patriots among other teams, began to feel that the league was to small. This eventually led to a 2 league merger resulting in the creation of the NFL in 1970. The new league consisted of 32 teams, 16 in the AFC and 16 in the NFC. This merger also led to the team obtaining a new revolutionary stadium in Foxborough Massachusetts. The construction of the stadium was met by cheering fans and parades galore. The stadium was officially named Schaefer Stadium in honor of one of the original owners. A year later in 1971 the Boston Patriots pitched a new name to the NFL and wanted to be called the Bay State Patriots. This pitch was successfully denied by the NFL and the NFL made the team change their name to the New England Patriots to please a more geographically diverse fan base. During this year the newly found New England Patriots also obtained a new head coach named Clive rush. Clive Rush was the very first head coach of the current New England Patriots. Clive began his football career at the university of Miami and translated to one successful year of football at the pro level with the Green Bay Packers. After completing this year of pro football Clive decided to attempt and land a job as a coach and was successful. He became the New Englands Patriots first coach after the renaming. He is usually only remembered for being the first coach of the New England Patriots rather than being a successful coach. During his two seasons with the Patriots Clive led the team to an all time low up to this date of 5 wins and 25 losses. This led to Clive resigning and saying “I will never coach another game of football in my lifetime.” Ironically 5 years later he resurfaced as the head coach of USMM. The Events occuring after the Patriots losing streak looked promising for the organization due to the drafting of John Hannah (4th overall), RB Sam Cunningham (11th) and WR Darryl Stingley (19th) in the first round of the 1973 draft. These selections would solidify the Patriots organization for the years to come. John Allen Hannah was nicknamed Hog. He was a former American football left guard who played for the New England Patriots (1973–1985) in the National Football League. In 1999 the Sporting News ranked him as the second greatest offensive linemen in NFL history after Anthony Muñoz. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1991 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1991. John retired from football and became a sports announcer where he still resides today. Samuel Lewis Cunningham, Jr was born August 15, 1950 and is a retired American football halfback. The media referred to him as Sam “Bam” Cunningham due to his explosive running plays where he would plow through the defenders. Cunningham was known as a dual threat halfback due to his ability to run and catch. Cunningham finished his career with 5,453 rushing yards, 210 receptions for 1,905 yards, and 49 touchdowns and was inducted into the Patriots Hall of Fame in 2010. The tale of Darryl Stingley is quite sad. Darryl Floyd Stingley was born September 18, 1951. He was an American professional football player, and a wide receiver whose career was ended at the age 26 by an on-field spinal cord injury. He played his entire five-year career with the New England Patriots of the National Football League. He was also quite the athlete who had 110 receptions for 1,883 yards and 14 touchdowns in 60 regular season games for the Patriots. He also had 28 carries for 244 yards and two touchdowns, 19 punt returns for 136 yards and eight kickoff returns for 187 yards. He had over 500 combined yards rushing, receiving and returning both punt and kickoffs in 1973 and 1975. He finished his career with 2,450 combined yards rushing, receiving, and returning both punts and kickoffs. He later died from heart disease and pneumonia complicated by quadriplegia on April 5, 2007 shocking and upsetting many fellow Patriot fans. However before the players listed above could make an impact on the organization the New England Patriots hired a new Head coach and general manager named Chuck Fairbanks. Chuck began his football career as a former Michigan State player who played for 3 years. Upon graduating FairBanks pursued an occupation in football and that fall he began as head coach of Ishpeming High School in Michigan. After a successful high school coaching career he landed a job as the New England Patriots head coach. He went 5–9 in his first year in New England. The 1974 season was marred by a league-wide players’ strike during training camp and preseason, which actually helped the Patriots as Fairbanks and defensive coordinator Hank Bullough were installing a new system (today known as the Fairbanks-Bullough 3–4, or the 3–4 two-gap system). They got a lot done because so many players who were not part of the NFL Players’ Association, and eighteen first-year players made the roster. The Patriots stormed to a 6–1 start before other teams caught up with them and they finished 7–7. After this season however Fairbanks had a falling-out with quarterback Jim Plunkett, who was traded for important draft picks to San Francisco, and suffered when hardball negotiation tactics by Patriot ownership led to a team-wide player strike that cancelled a preseason game with the New York Jets. The team never recovered and fell to 3–11 in 1975, but Fairbanks planted an important seed for the future by drafting quarterback Steve Grogan, who saw his first serious game action later that year. Grogan was selected in the fifth round 116th overall during the 1975 NFL Draft by the New England Patriots. Although he would start every game for four consecutive seasons early in his career, his career was also marked by injuries and quarterback controversies, with Grogan competing with other quarterbacks for the starting job. His second through his fifth season were the only times he would start every game in a season. Besides taking the starting job from former Heisman Trophy winner Jim Plunkett as a rookie, Grogan would later face competition from Matt Cavanaugh, Tony Eason, Heisman Trophy winner Doug Flutie, and Marc Wilson. (By the time Wilson came to the Patriots, he had spent several years battling the displaced Plunkett for the starting job of the Raiders.) Grogan is very important to the franchise due to him being the very first Quarterback to lead the Patriots to a Superbowl appearance. Jumping ahead to the 2000’s the New England Patriots came under new ownership of Robert Kraft. He rebuilt the Current Stadium while retaining its current location. Kraft renamed it Gillette stadium because the company known as Gillette sponsored the ambitious build. The Patriots also started to gain a lot of respect in the NFL due to the hiring of BIll Belichick who would end up becoming the Patriots most successful head coach of all time. William Stephen Belichick was born April 16, 1952 in Nashville Tennessee. He began his football career as a Tight end at Wesleyan University. After graduating he landed an assistant job with the Cleveland Browns, where he built up his reputation until being hired as the Patriots head coach where he built a winning record with the program and won five superbowls. Leading to him earning a legendary status in coaching. Belichick owes a lot of this success to drafting a long shot Quarterback named Tom Brady. His football career began at the University of Michigan where he was deemed a mediocre Quarterback at best. After finishing his college career Brady joined the NFL draft to pursue his dream of becoming a pro Quarterback. Brady did awful at the NFL combine which is a test to see what a player has to offer. His only redeeming quality was his IQ level which was reported to border genius. During the Draft Brad was overlooked by more than 31 teams, but the last pick happened to be from the New England Patriots when they chose Tom Brady. Other teams thought they were crazy for picking him, little did they know just how good of a draft pick he was. Belichick’s first Quarterback was Henry Bledsoe who provided consistent wins and strong performances. It wasn’t until the 2001 season when Bledsoe was injured and his backup Tom Brady enter the game that the Patriots true Dynasty began. Tom Brady won over 17 playoff games and five superbowls in the span of 16 years for the Patriots. These Super bowl wins include Super Bowl XXXIX, Super Bowl XLII,Super Bowl XLVI, Super Bowl XLIX, and Super Bowl LI. Even With all this success the team still faced problems. During the 2012 season one of their star tight ends named Aaron Hernandez was faced with a double homicide charge and proven guilty in 2017. The charge came to a shock to many even his teammates and stunned football fans everywhere. The team also faced many accusations of cheating. The most famous case involves both Brady and Belichick and is referred to as deflategate. The case occurred in 2015 and states that Brady deflated the game ball to give his team the edge. Brady was proven guilty and suspended for 4 games. Even after being suspended the Patriots still managed to win the superbowl the very next year in 2016. As of 2017 the Patriots are on the path to another successful season and maybe even another Superbowl.