The have been favorable in their political leadership.

The authorin this article is conveying that we must hang on with the fact that leadershipcan be both good and bad. Americans, for historical and political reasons, possiblyassume that leaders are by description greater. They deny labeling as leaderswho may be considered discarded people such as Nixon and Hitler.

Itexplains the reasons and how the exercise of power, authority and influence cancause harm.  Kellerman emphasizes is not only on defining leadership as an art butalso in stressing that the leadership industry recently focuses on teachingleadership as inclined towards teachings that only define leadership andleaders as “good” and completely ignore the assessment of “bad” leaders and badleadership. The article discovers the case for also emphasizing on badleadership in the overall definition of leadership.Kellerman has mentioned in the case that Americans have been favorablein their political leadership. Kellerman ensures to differentiate leadershipfrom the leader, explaining that leadership can be best understood by highlightingthe three variables: the leader, the followers, and the context of the times.

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Kellerman points out that bad leadership can be either ineffective or unethicalor both. In addition seven different types of bad leadership: incompetent,rigid, intemperate, callous, corrupt, insular, and evil are also explained inthe case.Her belief is simple, bad leadership is still leadership and badleaders are still leaders.  Shecommunicates this to the readers, by exploring the recent scholarly andindustry emphasis on defining bad leaders with a term as “power wielders” andbad leadership as being overlooked and vague by current trends. The case arguesthat people want to read and know about good leaders like John Adams and JackWelch but makes no notice to the leaders, David Koresh and Warren Harding’s.  This accepted tendency is similar to “avoiding the elephant in the room” andpeople refuse to compare the respected leaders like Franklin Delano Roosevelt toAdolph Hitler.

The author’s first and most critical point is that leadershipshould not be defined in a confined way as is mostly done, in today’sleadership industry.  Kellerman argues again and again for how leadershipis defined as, that admits that bad leaders are leaders too and that in order toactually learn and teach leadership, we must determine ourselves to this extendeddefinition of leaders and leadership and come to a conclusion that leadershipcan be good and bad. Kellerman’s also stresses on the argument that leaders behave theway they do because they own positive traits and, people follow bad leaders becausethey require someone to lead. Kellerman argues that the human need for authority,to “keep things simple.”   Q2. What are the similarities and differences between goodand bad leadership.

 Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam India’s 11thpresident whoseleadership style if imbibed can create the World’s most wonderfulorganization. He believed everything is Possible. When we say LeadersIgnite the minds of others; like a special satellite that orbits the Universe, he went about hismission, igniting millions of young minds and many nations. Dr. Kalam boastednothing and kept nothing to himself but shared with transparency and sincerityto each and every one, everything he learnt.  The similarity between both the leaders isthe polite, non-threatening demeanor that they possessed.

A polite nudge, thecapacity to take criticism in your stride, and the inclination to share powerand responsibility is what is required and both these leaders possessed thesequalities. Leaders humble themselves;such was their leadership style so that the people who met them can feelstronger and taller in their heart and life. Their personal styles really inspire the fellowglobal luminaries, and their country folks admire them for being modest andhumble. Both theseleaders have always accepted criticism with honesty. When the launch at NASAhad failed Dr. Kalam had taken the responsibility on him.  Leaders inspire others and make themdream rather than making them believe in their own dreams. Dr.

Kalaminspired millions of young hearts to dream; and, made them to believe in theirdreams. He is truly a visionary. Leaders look for solutionsto problems with Innovative mindset. Probably the only Missilescientist in this Universe who could use the materials made to fly missiles nowmakes little kids around the World walk with confidence.1Thesevirtues of Dr. Kalam differentiate him from Dr.

Manmohan Singh.  Dr. Manmohan Singh is an excellent Economist,but a bad leader in Indian context. He is theaccidental prime minister in the Indian history. He was bestowed with positionand power of a leader but was unable to perform his assigned task successfully.He was an underachiever.

People were seeking more reforms which will propel theIndian economy on the right track but unfortunately he was unable to meet his followers’expectations. His lack of decision taking skills made his image diminished inthe worldwide. He was always criticized for the inability to take his owndecisions.

He had never taken decision from his point of view as a leader ofnation who works for the development of nation, rather then he takes alldecisions under the pressure of his party members. He always tried to remainaway from the main issues and not spoken that much, public was expecting fromtheir Prime Minister. This is not how good leaders behave.

 Manmohan Singh isconsidered as very less impact as a leader. Dull Attitude is another verynegative point about his personality. This attitude creates a different imageof him.

A good Leader is supposed to be the one who have skills to motivatetheir public during bad times. When citizens are looking for something fromtheir leader his speeches lacks a positive attitude and confidence and stillpeople followed him. Be it for the power of the position or his calm attitudeand his previous achievements as the finance minister. 2 Q3. How do we need tounderstand leadership? Why is this understanding required? Leadership should be understood considering both good and badleadership. It would be irrelevant if we focused on only good leadership orleaders and overlook bad leadership and leaders.

In the case Kellerman has madeit very clear that leadership is not only good but bad as well. Bad leaders arealso leaders and hence they should also be well thought-out while understandingleadership as a term. Leadership is somehow not related to coercion. It isexplained in the case that leaders who use coercion are usually considered asbad.  Leadership on humans can be exercised when persons with certainmotives and purposes mobilize resources as to arouse, engage and satisfy themotives of followers. If we pretend that there is no elephant and badleadership is unrelated to good leadership, if we pretend to know one withoutknowing another we will in the end distort the enterprise. We cannot distanceourselves with the most relevant example of the history, Hitler by calling himwith another name “power wielder.

” Not only his impact on 20thcentury greater than anyone else but also he was brilliantly skilled atinspiring, motivating and directing his followers. Limiting leadership to begood presents three major problems are mentioned in the case; it is confusing,misleading and it does a disservice.  Leadership is an important term tounderstand, not only for the person to become a leader but also if one wants tobe a follower. A follower should be well aware of the leader he is following.

Ormaybe the person you’re leading is yourself. The value of being aware of youand your emotions and motivations is probably obvious. It’s the alternative tobeing reactive and blowing in the breeze.

 However critical those abilities, theyare complicated to teach somebody without them — the individuals who mightbenefit by them most. Creating and practicing leadership are one of the bestother approaches to increase your attention to your feelings and inspirationsand how you act up on them. Understanding initiative is the key sinceorganizations take on the personality of theirleaders. Leadership training and development can maximize productivity, shape apositive culture and promote harmony. To achieve this, key people must leadindividuals and teams using an appropriate leadership style.

  1 https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/8-leadership-lessons-from-drabdul-kalam11th-president-balakrishnan/2 http://www.omgtoptens.com/misc/politics/top-10-reasons-why-manmohan-singh-is-worst-prime-minister-india/