Themost common transmission routes are through blood-to-blood contract with aninfected person, unprotected sexual contact with an infected person, the use ofcontaminated hypodermic needles in illegal drug use, and contact between motherand her child during pregnancy.
According to Cure Joy Editorial, therefore, thereare things for individual and the government can do to protect themselves fromthis dangerous infection.Itis important for individual to protect themselves from infecting HIV/AIDS. Ifeveryone knows ways to prevent HIV/AIDS, the case of HIV/AIDS infections cansignificantly decline.Firstly,practicing safe sex is one of the most effective ways to prevent HIV/AIDS.
People can use condoms which help to avoidtransmitting HIV while having sex. Moreover, it is important that both partnersget tested for HIV before starting having sex. In addition, it is necessary tolimit sexual partners. Having more sexual partners might increase the risk ofgetting infected with HIV. So being in a mutually monogamousrelationship with someone without HIV is the safest way.
Secondly,people should not share needles with anybody because this epidemic istransmitted through blood-to-blood. Sharing needles or other injectionequipment can put them at significant risk of getting HIV. Therefore italways makes sure that needles and other equipment for injections are new andsterile.Thirdly,by taking preventive medication, people can lessen the risk of HIV infection.Ifanyone has a high risk for HIV, for instance, someone being in a sexualrelationship with others who is HIV positive, they can take medication known aspre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent infection. This preventive measure requiresdaily medication and regular doctor visits.
Fourthly,people should avoid risky behaviors HIV such as abusingdrugs or alcohol, engaging in sex without a condom or sharing injectionequipment. Certain behaviors may increase a high risk of getting HIV.Finally, women should notice to treatfor HIV during pregnancy. If being pregnant, they should gettested for HIV. If having HIV, they should take the appropriate medicines religiously can greatlylower the risk of transmitting it to their baby. In fact, if startingtreatment early enough, they can reduce the risk to about 1% or lower. Moreover breast milk containsHIV.
So if having HIV, women can avoid transmitting it to their baby afterdelivery by not breastfeeding.However,the individual efforts are not enough. The Vietnamese government should helpthem by proposing some solutions to reduce HIV infection.Toprevent the spread of HIV, it is necessary for the Vietnam government todevelop guidelines for healthcare providers on testing and medical caring,educate healthcare providers and the public about the importance of HIV testingand medical care.Inaddition, the Vietnam government can also identify and track differences in medicalcare, illness, and death among different groups of people and help meet thegoals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, including getting all people with HIVinto care.Furthermore,state and local health departments can fund programs that support effective HIVprevention services and medical care, create programs and policies to testpeople at risk for HIV early and often, provide information about where peoplecan get an HIV test, and educate people about the benefits of HIV testing,regular care, and treatment.Lastbut not least, state and local health departments can also help people who haveHIV connected to HIV with medical care, promote HIV prevention counseling andservices as a regular part of care, support community actions to prevent newHIV infections and help people with HIV.