The is close to other country’s copyright regarding

The Australian law of copyright is a very interesting topic.
It has changed over time, along with the Australian government. Nowadays, it is
close to other country’s copyright regarding laws and is very complex, with
many case-to-case decisions needed to be made. Over time, Australian copyright
law had been greatly adapted to fit British and International copyright law.
The first form of copyright that the British had created was the Statue of
Anne, 1709, which gave some weak protection to authors. Until British copyright
law had been brought to Australia, 1928, it started protecting sculptures and
engravings. Over time, it evolved, adding speeches, paintings, and photographs.
Long before British law had been adapted, some colonies (later called states)
had their own type of copyright law which could vary from colony to colony. The
very first copyright statue was passed in a colony in Victoria, Australia.
“The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make
laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect
to, inter alia, copyright, patents of inventions and designs, and trademarks”
-Commonwealth Constitution, section 51 After Australia joined the Commonwealth,
the Commonwealth constitution allowed the Parliament to make laws for order,
peace, and good government. As the Australian constitution gave that power to
the Parliament too, immediate changes had been made. From then on, copyright
law and all related things no longer were the business of the states, but the
federal parliament. The first copyright statue that evolved in the hands of the
federal parliament, was the Copyright Act 1905, an adapted version of British
law. Australia fully became part of British copyright law, when adopting the
British Copyright law, 1911, in 1912. This act stayed in force, until 1969,
when the Australian Copyright Act 1968 came into force. The Copyright Act 1968
was created after the 1911 Act was reviewed and apparently not fulfilling the
Brussels Act of the Berne Convention. Until now, the 1968 Act is in force,
however, some amendments had been made. Australian law protects literary works,
musical works, films, artistic works, broadcast, dramatic works, sound
recordings, and published editions. Before 2004, the work entered public domain
50 years after death, however, after 2006, the works stayed out of public
domain until 70 years after death. In Australia, copyright does not apply to
works published before May, 1969. According to the 1968 Act, any work published
after the author’s death will come to public domain not 70 years after the
author’s death, but 70 years after the publication. Unpublished literary,
dramatic, and musical works hold indefinite copyright protection. The main
copyright exception in Australia is fair dealing (not to misunderstand as fair
use), which allow usage of copyrighted works that fall into range of purposes.
Each type of work varies, but some possibilities are research, study,
news-reporting, review, criticism, judicial proceedings, or professional legal
advice. Some other exceptions fall under private copying. From 2006 on,
recording broadcast to watch or listen to later, to make copies of audio
recordings for domestic and private use, or to copy a newspaper, magazine, or
literary work for private use. In Australia, a copyright notice does not have
to be on a work for copyright to apply. However, it is recommended to add the date
of first publication and owner. Copyrights can also be owned by the crown in
Australia, however, they only last for 50 years after creation or publication.
The exception are unpublished literary, dramatic, and musical works, which hold
copyright indefinitely. Australian copyright has changed over years, from the
very first statue protecting authors, to the Copyright Amendment Act 2017 has
become effective. It has evolved in a way like no other, and is definitely
interesting with its complexity.