The ability to create intelligent engines hasintrigued humans since ancient times, and specially in recent years with theadvent of the computer and several years of intensive investigations in manyscientific domains. But how might we createsuperintelligence? To start with and in my humble opinion, Once artificial intelligence reaches human level, then we can makethe prediction that it will not be long before superintelligence istechnologically feasible. Bostrom claimed that “True superintelligence mightplausibly first be attained via the AI path”. Talking about AI, I think therewill be a positive feedback loop that will give the development a furtherboost, in other word, AIs would help constructing better AIs, which in turnwould help building better AIs, and evolvestrategies to secure its dominance, just as in the biological world.
Coming back to thebiological inspiration, we do have an actual example of generally intelligentsystem “the human brain” and one obvious idea is to proceed by a fullunderstanding of the working principles of this system. According to the author”The clear feasibility of biological enhancement should increase our confidencethat machine intelligence is ultimately achievable”. In this context, someresearchers reported that it learns through reinforcement learning, it also hasa hierarchical structure to deal with perceptions and so forth. Even thoughresearch in this field is now progressing rapidly, there still are basicprinciples that we need to discover. It’s a very long way off.
Similarly,research in whole brain emulation and Brain-computer interface is heavilyfunded and has already met dozens of successes. Arguably, such approaches mighthasten the arrival of S.I machine explosion.
Nowadays, there is much more enthusiasm and investment going into AI and relatedtechnologies than at any other time in the past. Particularly, huge companieslike Google, Facebook and Amazon are spending hundreds of millions of dollarsto step up investments in AI research either by buying promising start-upsin the field or hiring well-known talent. To elaborate, success in creating SImachine might be the most important transitionof the next century and probably the biggest event in human history.There arecertainly several paths of development that should get there, however we stilldon’t know which of them will get there first. As author, himself at one place in book claimed that “Thefact that there are many paths that lead to superintelligence should increaseourconfidencethat we will eventually get there.
If one path turns out to be blocked, wecanstill progress.” Therefore, predicting how long it will take todevelop such intelligent machines remains difficult, but I’m convinced thatmany of us will have a chance to see that day come.