The Kenyan developmentblue print; dubbed ‘Kenya Vision 2030’ is envisioned as a road map for thecountry to achieve middle income status and a high quality of life for all Kenyansby the year 2030.
It is anchored on three pillars; Economic, Social andPolitical pillars. The Social pillar aims at creating just, cohesive andequitable social development anchored on macroeconomic stability; to improvethe standard of living for all Kenyans, reduce poverty and increase access tosocial services. To achievesustainable real growth of the economy; Kenya needs to achieve a rate ofeconomic growth that will lead to increased income and employment opportunitiesin comparison to the erosion caused by a rapid population growth. According tothe Kenya National bureau of Statistics, the GDP for Kenya is estimated to haveexpanded by 5.6% in 2015, and this growth was mainly attributed improvement inagricultural outputs, construction, finance, insurance and real estate. However, economicstimulation policies have not previously always trickled down to the rural pooras evidenced by regional inequitable distribution of resources, and genderinequality; increased poverty; and increasing youth unemployment.
This is atthe expense of projects that would enhance social welfare such as ruraldevelopment.Therefore thegreatest challenge facing Kenya’s social protection policy is a miss-match incurrent policies, benefits expected from the policies and lack of politicalgoodwill.Various prescribedpolicies have been proposed while programmes have been implemented with an aimof addressing human development. While there have been some significantachievements progress in some achieving some MDG goals, there are nosignificant achievements recorded on poverty reduction.
Accoding to UNICEFstatistics, 46% of Kenyans live below the poverty line with most regionsrecording even higher statistics than the national average especially in ruralareas.This will be achievedthrough the new political and economic governance system; devolved governments rolledin the year 2013, which led to a decentralized management system for developmentprojects at the county level of administration, and has also strengthenedpublic service delivery this level. There is a need to strengthen governancestructures at county levels to fully implement devolution while addressingchallenges rampant corruption and red tape in accessing social services