The or substance abuse and other circumstances, families


The term ‘protective factors’ is defined as conditions or
qualities in people, families, communities, or the greater society that, when exhibited,
alleviate or disregard risk in families and communities that, when shown,
increase the health and well-being of children and families.

There are six protective factors that strengthen families
and help in the development of children and their resilience. These factors
are; parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of
need, knowledge of parenting and child development, social and emotional
competence of children and nurturing and attachment. The role in which
protective factors play in supporting children’s development of ‘resilience is having
good concrete support in times of need and social connections this can be from friends
and family, neighbours or the community. Having social connections can help to provide
emotional support, help to solve problems, offer advice on parenting, and can
help in giving assistance to parents. Having a network of social connections
and support is important to parents and children, as it means in times of need
children, youths and parents can talk to and obtain advice from their concrete support
network. Other social connections and support can from having a strong cultural
identity and an affiliation with a supportive religious or faith community. For
children this is important for their health and wellbeing as it helps children
to have a strong sense of their cultural history and allows then to form positive
cultural identities. This can give them a sense of belonging and build their
self-esteem and resilience, this reduces the chances of children experiencing
anxiety, depression, and isolation.

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One other protective factor that also plays an important role
in supporting the resilience of child development is the concrete support in
times of need. For families to be able to thrive it is essential that they must
have the basic economic needs such as; food, shelter, clothing, and health
care. Not only is it important for the parents to have the basic need, but it
is critically more important for children to have these. In times of crisis
such as; family encounters with mental illness, domestic violence, or substance
abuse and other circumstances, families need concrete support systems in place to
prevent the inadvertent neglect that can sometimes happen when parents are incapable
to provide for their children.   

Parental resilience is another role that protective factors
play in the support of resilience in child development, parents who can deal
with the everyday stresses and crisis’s that life brings, have resilience. For parent’s
resilience is having the ability to be able to bounce back from all the
challenges that arise with a family’s everyday life. Parental resilience is
about finding different ways to solve problems, knowing how and when to ask for
help if needed, forming, and maintaining trusting relationship, especially with

Good knowledge of parenting and child development is a role
that protective factors play in the support of resilience in child development,
when parents provide affection, safe opportunities that can promote independence
and self-esteem, polite and civilised communication and listening and rules and
expectations that are consistently applied, children able to develop and grow
in a healthy environment.  Effective parenting
helps motivate children to succeed in school and life, it can also encourage
children to become more inquisitive about the world around them.