The year was 1958 during the month of September, Guinea declared its independence by denying the French Constitution, which would’ve placed French colonies in a position inferiority within the French Union. Guinea’s decision to reject the constitution completely secured independence for the Guineans. Several key issues, as well as the work of activists in the community led to the French reaction to the unexpected secession, and the rise of Sékou Touré as a dictatorial leader after the referendum. Collectively, the multiple factors combined with the tensions of the Cold War led to issues in relation to the French and elitist around the world.
These issue helped create the road towards decolonization in Guinea. The historical support of this outcome still remains ambiguous. Overall, the decision that Guinea made is only to be understood in comparison to similar political issues related to the Cold War in France, where the communist threat heavily influenced the country’s foreign policy.
Guinea’s broke off constitutional ties with France after an almost ten year struggle with different groups in the country including elite rulers, the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA) leadership, and the common activists. In 1958 the RDA had already ended its alliance with communists, and Guinea had refurbished their own party from within. The party was considered to be static and considered its actions as completely motivated by its leader – Sékou Touré. The Guinean road towards independence was considered as a “top-down” affair. People often misconstrue the influence that Sékou Touré gained post-independence. Although Sékou Touré sought out opportunity, evidence and analysis suggest that activist came together to convince him him to accept the “no-vote.
” This path to independence in Guinea influenced other African countries as well.Struggles between Senegal, Mali, Union Soudanaise-Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (US-RDA) and Parti Soudanais Progressiste (PSP) – reached a breaking point during the late 1950s. Leaders of the country consulted with each other about voting on the constitution that Guinea used to gain independence. Nationalism increased tremendously as a way of display anti-colonialist beliefs and the nation-state directly resulting from a failed “Pan African” movement. Mali was able to declare its independence from France in 1960.
Ultimately, the people of Mali planned to completely seperate themselves from the French community. After a two year period, Mali established its own currency and removed French military from their country..