The objective of any Knowledge sharing(KS) is to transfer source knowledge successfully from a sender or owner of theknowledge to a recipient (Cummings and Teng, 2003).
Cummings and Teng (2003)identified the conditions of a successfully shared knowledge: Knowledge sharing(KS) is successful if the knowledge is transferred on time, on budget, andproduces a satisfied recipient, the degree to which the knowledge is re-createdin the recipients; successful knowledge sharing (KS) results in firms masteringand getting into practice product designs, manufacturing processes, andorganizational designs that are new to them, and the degree to which arecipient obtains ownership of, commitment to, and satisfaction with thetransferred knowledge. According to Bosua and Scheepers(2007), the sharing of knowledge is considered to be effective when knowledgeis shared within a minimum cost of time, effort or expense. For the point ofview of Smith (2005) however, the success or failure of any knowledge sharingactivity depends largely on two things: how individuals and/or groups feelabout the process, and how these individuals and/or groups feel about thenetwork of people with whom they are socializing during the knowledge sharingprocess. Erikkson and Dickson (2000) also emphasize the significance ofprocesses. They claim that different knowledge sharing process can result indifference in work performance.
Regarding the relationship of knowledge sharingand work performance Kang et al. (2008) revealed the significant mediative roleof mutual trust between these features (Kang, Kim, & Chang, 2008). Oneof the biggest problems regarding knowledge sharing, according to Bogel (2005)is that people consider the situation when knowledge could be shared as aresource of power (Bogel, 2005), and during which their special position,monopoly and credibility could be lost if their knowledge is shared (Azudin,Ismail, & Taherali, 2009). Furthermore due to being afraid of losing theirindispensable position in their organization they usually make an attempt toavoid situations that may affect their knowledge sharing behavior (Noszkay,2008).