Thesis In October 1962, a major conflict emerged between U.
S. President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. The standoff between the two sides lasted 13 days and it was the closest the two superpowers ever were to a fully fledged nuclear war. This event led to the “Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty” and both sides eventually met a compromise, the U.
S. would leave Cuba alone and remove American nuclear missiles from Turkey, in return, the Soviets would remove the missiles from Cuba. In the end, it was a win for both sides.
Background The United States and the Soviet Union have never been the best of friends. Although the U.S. and the Soviet Union were allies in WW2, with the U.S. refusing to be allied with the USSR and their delayed entrance into the war, the alliance slowly fell apart. Their relationship eventually turned into mutual distrust and enmity.
After the war, Soviet territorial and economic expansion in Eastern Europe fueled many American fears the Russians had a plan to control the world. The Russians also regarded the U.S. officials as an interventionist approach to international relations.
The U.S. and Cuba had maintained a shaky relationship since the 1898 Treaty of Paris which forced Spain to surrender Cuba. Later in 1901, President William McKinley instituted the Platt Amendment, which allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs. The next few Cuban leaders were all corrupt and influenced by the U.S.
The Cuban revolution started in 1956, caused by the economic oppression by the U.S. e U.S.
controlled almost all of Cuba.In 1959, Fidel Castro became the leader of Cuba, he assumed power when dictator Fulgencio Batista fled after Castro’s army had overpowered and defeated his army several times. In 1960 Fidel Castro allied with the Soviet Union. Castro, influenced by the Soviet Premier, changed from democracy to communism. The U.S.
initially hoped that the new government could work together, but when Castro planned to bring about a social revolution and cut foreign intervention, the U.S. saw that he might be a threat.
Castro nationalised American companies in which U.S. responded by not buying sugar from Cuba and stopped supplying Cuba with oil.
At this point the Kennedy Administration had devoted itself to overthrow Castro by furtive means. Many Cuban exiles fled to the U.S. when Castro became leader and assumed power, President Eisenhower ordered the CIA to train and equip the exiles to overthrow the new Castro regime.
The invasion began on April 1961, on the Cuban coast name the “Bay of Pigs.” The exiles fought hard but Castro’s army were better trained and equipped. The invasion