This paper examinesfertility incentives among Nigerian single and married women in respects to Germanopen borders to asylum seekers. The growing influx of people to the Germanterritorial space over the past few years due to policy changes in border openingfor people who have been displaced under the Article 3 of the European Conventionon Human Rights (ECHR) which states that “No one shall be subjected to torture,inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”. That is, a person can make aclaim for protection based directly on Article 3 of ECHR as any states areprohibited from returning a person to a country where she/he may suffer aviolation of his/her rights under Article 3. The united union estimates over 60million displaced persons all over the world especially in counties where humanrights have been violated due to political unrest (Echr-cedh, 1998).
In recent times of economic hardship; wherepoverty and inequality have posited major challenges to the people in the thirdworld countries, there has been a great exodus of people from Africa across theAtlantic to Europe. This have consequently led to loss of lives in the greatquest for survival resulting from hunger and deadly diseases that shorten humanlife expectance to a minimum of 22 years (DHS, 2007). These set of people arenot refugees, but they are economic migrants. However, asylum seeking,migration, refugee have been matters of concern among the European countries;they have become a growing demand to human needs and threats to human survival.Recently, seeking asylum by displaced people who have become victims ofpolitical crisis and economic hardship from bad governance have exposed womanand children to become the first victims of such crises. This has led toseveral debts from the UN on the issues of humanitarian aids and rights fromsuch conditions. Other pressure groups have championed the cause over time;such as the Amnesty International, the Red Cross Society etc.Sequel to the researchcarried out from the interviews of Nigerian women who are seeking asylum inPassau, the nature of their migration from their places of origin to ratherother places in diaspora was understood.
Most of the women have been marriedsomewhere outside their places of origin and have also given birth to children.This paper tends to reflect on the reason(s) of their movement from otherplaces in Europe where they have lived to Germany and the motive(s) behindtheir choices to increase their fertility (have more children) on arrival toGermany. DEFINITION OF KEY TERMSAsylumSeeker:”Aperson who has left his/her country of origin and formally applied for asylumin another country, but whose application has not yet been concluded.” (Anon n.d.
) Refugee:”Aperson who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons ofrace, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group orpolitical opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or,owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of thatcountry; or who not having a nationality and being outside the country of hisformer habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing tosuch fear, is unwilling to return to it”(Echr-cedh1998). Fertility:”It is the ability for a woman to conceive achild and give birth to her children. Fertility incentives are the statebenefit that is accrued to both mother and child in order to support the familywhich aims at subsidizing the welfare of the family by providing cheap houses,child support payment, and free education, mother welfare payments for stayhome mothers or temporary unemployed due to childbearing”(Anon n.d.). AIMThe aim of this paper is toexamine the quick response by the women to fertility and its benefits onarrival in Germany. This paper also seeks to understand the cause and thereason for the migration patterns from their places of origin and choice of Germanyas a destination. HYPOTHESISIt is to assess therelationship between female migrants’ social benefits on fertility and theirincreased fertility desires for more children.