This to a higher level of cognitive ability.

This paper will discuss how language works.The way we communicate on different levels.

The many ways that we use languagefrom hand signals to gestures. How we communicate through religion and socialmedia. The impacts they have had on society in both the past and present. Howlanguage and communication has evolved and continues to change and shape theworld we live in today and its impact socially on the world.  Language and CommunicationsLanguage is one of the key skills thathappened to the human race to fast track us to a higher level of cognitiveability.

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This is one of the main contributors to us separating ourselves fromother animals on the planet. Communication helped in pushing language to evenhigher levels as we could coordinate feelings and logic amongst our communities.There are many different ways in which we use language from writing tospeaking.

Communicating has been impacted by things like religion and socialmedia. By addressing these topics this will give insight to the impact on ourculture of life from the beginning to today’s world.  Language Is the method of human communication eitherspoken or written. The idea is that language was created to help humans surviveand they needed to communicate with each other in order to hunt, farm, anddefend themselves successfully from the surrounding harsh environments. Thegestural theory states that human language developed from gestures that wereused for simple communication. This depended on similar neural systems andregions on the cortex that are responsible for mouth and hand movements. Oncewe learned language it started to evolve into something even more complex. Ashistory advanced it turned into writings that not only influenced people’sability to learn or gather knowledge but to also be used to deceive.

The rippleimpacts of this have even shaped current times and even into the future withthings we can’t even grasp yet. In today’s world speaking is used across theentire globe to do tasks as easy as ordering food to something unexplainable asdisclosing your love to someone. The impacts of how this has evolved us as asociety is truly breathtaking.  Writing.Writing is one of the cornerstones ofcivilization. It has been one of, if not, the biggest things to impact theworld.

Only starting in the last century when schools were formed did we usethis as a widespread form of educating according to Mr. Collins (Collins,1986). By using this skill we are able to record history and document facts tohelp portray how things happened so that future generations can obtain theknowledge and advance even further. Writings have emotional impacts as well.

They can invoke hate by talking about topics that are controversial or hurtful.They can also cause love to pour out over a letter sent from a deployed soldierthat they haven’t heard from. It is truly one of our biggest accomplishments.  Speaking.The act of conveying information or expressingones thoughts and feelings spoken. Speaking is the art of communication thathas allowed us to express our wants and needs in a matter of a fraction ofseconds. This has helped in relaying information faster than ever before.

Whenhearing a story that speaks to you in different versions and languages. You cantranslate a story and even though languages have different words to express thesame thing you can you critical thinking to come to the middle conclusion theyare looking for in the story. Writing is a great tool to pass on informationover time but speaking is for those quick moments to communicate. It fasttracks discussions and thoughts to help facilitate what is needed to be said.Speaking for others in society has come under criticism and in some communitiesrejected. According to Mrs. Alcoff speaking for others has turned intosomething that is arrogant, vain, and unethical (Alcoff, 1991-1992).

Speakingcan hold emotions and impact someone’s view of how they perceive what is beingsaid. If an elderly woman says something while crying it can play on yourempathy making you more inclined to help or assist. Whereas if she was scoldingor hateful it could make you more defensive and less empathetic.

This kind ofpower over our emotions can severely change the results someone is looking for.This is the power of speaking. The crowd when Martin Luther King Jr. spoke wascompletely empathic and drove the movement of change in a nation that was onthe other side of the argument for hundreds of years. Now that’s a positiveposition where as when Adolf Hitler gave his first speech it causes an ineptnation to raise to become a global power house that conquered all of Europe.

Those two speech’s had accomplish what they intended all by speaking words.People can forget the impact speaking and how it can shift movements insociety. This form of communication helped in pushing agendas to the masses.

 Communication Communication is the imparting or exchange ofinformation or news. Where language uses writing and speaking to portraycommunication is the act of language and how it is conveyed from person toperson. It is when a message is sent and delivered and the recipient sends oneback to the sender. Sperber and Wilson claims that language faculty is not initself a specifically human characteristic. It is how we have chosen to use itjust like how elephants use their trucks to pick things up (Sperber &Wilson, 1986).  Communication can bemisperceived if not sent correctly.

It can be a tool to deceive or toenlighten. Listening is just as important as speaking when sending information.Communicating throughout history was difficult and fact checking was evenharder all the way up until the 20th century. Many people relied ontown officials, royal powers, and religious figures to provide worldinformation to them. You can see how this could affect people’s points of viewsif the persons sending the information were spreading fallacies to the masses.Religion is one of the constants throughout history that shaped the world andhas always been one of the best to communicate messages to the masses throughchurches and other religious ceremonies.  Religion.Religion is the belief in and worship of asupernatural controlling power, especially a personal god or gods.

Religion atits core is about communicating a message to the masses. This has culturallyimpacted the planet on almost every continent. It has evoked wars and shapednot only landscaping and world powers but also what is defined in our moralreasoning’s. This kind of communicative impact has shaped the worlds views onbeliefs, moral compass, and sense of purpose. Has religion declined due to themodern world’s advances?  In 1988, 9 outof 10 Americans said they have never doubted god’s existence (Pargament, 1997).This indicates that religion is far from extinct. It seems that religion tendsto be where people sway to during times of traumatic events, death, or times ofstruggle. This goes hand in hand with how the human minds psych works as itlooks for answers to help elevate struggle or times of being unsure.

In manycases this can lead to enlightenment through the message of God/Gods. InBuddhism it is believed that existence is first experienced as suffering(Dukkha). Within Judaism, suffering is perceived through suppressing offreedoms. In Christianity suffering is seen through the crucifixion of JesusChrist (Pargament, 1997). This type of communication is prevalent throughreadings and teachings.  This can makepeople have a sense of supremacy towards nonbelievers. This has hinderedcommunications and in some cases in history allowed for nations to slaughterother cultures due to not having the same religion. To say that communicationhasn’t affected our ethics on a global scale would be naïve.

It has alsoimproved peoples quality of life tremendously due to the principals ofafterlife. This message that has been sent for thousands of years has made iteasier for many to live very dangerous or impoverished lives and still have asense of worth. Communicating a message that has lasted for thousands of yearsand is still heavily followed in our age today is truly awe-inspiring.  Social Media.Social Media is an onlineplatform which people use to build social networks or social relations. Thishas been a huge new discovery in the 21st century.

As of January2009, the online social networking application Facebook registered more than175 million active users. To put this into perspective it is double the size ofGermany’s population (Kaplan, 2009).  Ithas shaped how we communicate on a regular basis from talking to friends, towork relations, or even to how we get our news.

On January 17, 2001, during theimpeachment trial of Philippine President Joseph Estrada, Loyalists in thePhilippine Congress voted to set aside key evidence against him. Less than twohours after that decision thousands of Filipinos started on social media aboutthis immoral injustice and organized a protest that ultimately ended in hisimpeachment (Shirky, 2001). This was the first time in history social mediacaused a leader to be forced out of position.

This kind of power that themasses have obtained to being able to communicate in real time across the globehas been huge in how we handle social issues. Shirky says “treating the freetime of the world’s educated citizenry as an aggregate, a kind of cognitivesurplus”. As much as it has helped us connect socially it has also left us witha hole in our empathetic thinking. By not seeing the other person on thecomputer it has left many with a view of dehumanizing who they are talking too.No more are the days of thinking critically or evaluating what is being said ithas led to a shoot at the hip mentality that is derived from raw emotion. Thisnew way of thinking has created a less empathetic society and more of a mobmentality. Many are starting to get rid of social media to try to rekindle faceto face conversations to swing progress back to the human conversation ratherthan robot type of logic.  SummaryLanguage and communicationhas helped us evolve both socially and mentally.

It has created the ability toobtain knowledge and facts from all over the world through the different types.It has also shaped the world and pushed us into being less empathetic. Whilethe good outweighs the bad the weight of its impact is one that should beconsidered. Whether it be religions message or social media ease of access toeveryone’s thoughts and emotions communication is thriving and will be ourprimary way of getting information for the foreseeable future.

 ImplicationsThe impact of this paper is to inform howlanguage and communication both shaped the world and shape how we perceive eachother every day. Speaking and writing will continue to be the main ways inwhich we communicate. Religion and social media will have lasting impacts foryears to come. How we perceive these and using critical thinking in assessingthe positives of these tools will be in how we advance forward.