Iranica Journal of Energy & A ; Environment 3 ( Particular Issue on Environmental Technology ) : 19-23. 2012 ISSN 2079-2115 IJEE an Official Peer Reviewed Journal of Babol Noshirvani University of Technology DOI: 10. 5829/idosi.
ijee. 2012. 03. 05. 04 BUTRe-adaptation of Malay House Thermal Comfort Design Elements into Modern Building Elements – Case Study of Selangor Traditional Malay House & A ; Low Energy Building in Malaysia Nur Hidayahtuljamilah RamliPostgraduate Studies. Faculty of Architecture.
Planning & A ; Surveying. Universiti Teknologi MARA ( UiTM ) . 40450 Shah Alam. Selangor. Malaysia Abstract: The traditional Malay house is one of the richest constituents of Malay’s cultural heritage in Malaysia. Generally. the traditional Malay house is a contemplation of the Malay community’s manner of life.
With greater planetary consciousness of the environment and a renewed position on modern-day Malayan architecture. designers and interior decorators are one time once more looking for tropical solutions in edifice design. One of the chief features of traditional Malay house is that they are designed with a deep apprehension and regard for nature. but this designwith-nature attack is no longer found in the modern edifices.
The intent is hence to analyze the thermic comfort design elements such as edifice orientation. interior layout infinite. natural airing and lighting.
window designs. and stack consequence on the roof design.The probe was carried out through observations.
interviews and some research visits. A comprehensive research was accomplished on the version of Malay house architecture elements with selected the Selangor traditional Malay house as the key survey and one modern edifice which is the Ministry of Energy. Green Technology & A ; Water ( MEGTW ) edifice. Putrajaya. This survey attempts to hold recorded information for those who are interested and for the hereafter coevals because the traditional Malay house was evolved by the Malays over coevalss. accommodating to their demands. civilization and environment. This survey is important to resuscitate the consciousness in the apprehension and grasp of the technique of thermic comfort design elements of traditional Malay house adapted into modern edifice design.
Cardinal words: Design elements ; Green edifice ; Thermal comfort ; Traditional Malay house.IntroductionThe intent of this survey is to look into the readaptation of Malay house on thermic comfort design elements in Selangor traditional Malay house into low energy edifices in Malaysia which is the MEGTW edifice in Putrajaya. The elements such as edifice orientation. interior layout infinite. natural airing and lighting. window designs. and stack consequence on the roof design will be discussed in this paper.
This procedure of placing the thermic comfort design elements is important to understand how the common architecture was built in deep apprehension of Malayan equatorial clime and how Malayan interior decorators and designers today re-adapted the thermic comfort design elements into new modern edifice in order to keep the thermic comfort of the edifice residents. Traditional Malay House: The traditional Malay house is one of the richest constituents of Malaysia’s cultural heritage. A house was designed and built by the users themselves – the Malays in Malaysia – Corresponding Writer:harmonizing to their ain demands and with a good apprehension of nature and environment. incorporating and reflecting their manner of life and civilization [ 1. 2 ] . Furthermore. the design and the building procedure in footings of energy efficiency.
the indoor environmental qualities. sustainable site planning. the stuffs and resources used have ever been indispensable facets related to traditional Malay architectural pattern. The Malay house is a perfect common architecture in the yesteryear that is environmentally sustainable [ 2 ] .
Traditional Malay houses have thermic comfort elements such as the usage of local stuffs. the house orientation. high pitch roof-as stack consequence map besides as solar shadowing devices. raise on stilts-to gaining control high-velocity of air motion. and plentifulness of Windowss and openings-to allow more natural lighting and natural airing.
The successful designs of the traditional Malay house in relation to the environmental facets have made one admiration that Malay people in the yesteryear seemed to understand bioclimatic design more compared to the recent edifice development [ 3 ] .Low Energy Building: On October 18. 2005 the Prime Minister of Malaysia has stated on the scheme to counter oil monetary values gyrating with some attempts to be undertaken to promote more edifices to utilize the low Therefore. the Ministry of Energy. Green Technology and Water ( MEGTW ) edifice was designed and built by the authorities with proficient input on Energy Efficiency from DANIDA ( Danish International Development Assistance ) get downing in March 2002 and was completed in September 2004. This edifice is a National Demonstration undertaking and it’s aimed to advancing energy efficiency ( EE ) in edifices. and the undertaking is portion of a wider plan aimed at developing the capacity of the Malayan edifice industry in EE edifice design [ 6 ] . After the building was completed.
the MEGTW has demonstrated integrating of the best energy efficiency steps towards accomplishing the overall best cost-efficient edifice. Malayan Climate: Malaya is situated in the equatorial part. the clime features are unvarying temperature. high humidness and voluminous rainfall. Winds are by and large light.Proximity to the sea and an equatorial location generate a warm and humid clime.
which is changeless throughout the twelvemonth [ 4 ] . The Malayan clime can be classified as warmhumid equatorial. characterized by high temperatures and humidness. Air temperature norms between 22 and 32 degree Celsius with little one-year and diurnal scopes [ 1 ] .
Today. the Malayan Meteorological Department ( MMD ) under the Ministry of Science. Technology and Innovation ( MOSTI ) has claimed that the mean air temperature in most metropoliss in Malaysia has increased.
In two decennaries. the mean air temperature has increased from the lower limit of 22 grade to 24 grade and the upper limit of the air temperature had reached 34 degree Celsius [ 5 ] . This consequence shows that Malayan clime has been altering get downing from 1990 until 2010.Therefore. designers and interior decorators in this state should larn from ascendants and re-adapt the thermic comfort design elements from traditional Malay house as an of import component that should be considered in planing modern edifice in Malaysia. METHOD Site Observation: Site observation provides the primary informations for the survey since it is first manus information gained through this analysis. This research foremost observed the Selangor traditional Malay house to analyze about the thermic comfort design component of the house.
For illustration the house orientation. how the Malays arrange the inside layout infinite. how they design the fenestration to derive more natural airing and lighting. the windows design. and stack consequence on the roof design.