The assumptions discussed above would fall ender the 85% areas Of context and if I allow these ideas to dominate Will not be able to think outside the box. The assumption that making it easier to commute to Toronto will reduce traffic is an example of the single-loop-learning method. Measures based on these assumptions may ultimately result in the same traffic congestion coming back to surface in the long run and therefore do not create a sustainable solution.
Should instead invoke the double-loop-learning method to break out of assumption based thinking and to challenge fundamental norms.Recommendation In the language Of the leverage theory, the assumption based solutions discussed above would require the city to put in 85% to the work to create a result. The mayor should instead think of ways that the city could make it more difficult to drive downtown.
The city could implement a tax incentive based permit system whereby drivers would be required to hold a permit that would only allow them to drive downtown tour out of five business days of the week.In addition the city could reduce parking spaces and increase parking prices. By doing this, the city discourages downtown driving in a manner that loud actually increase the use of public transportation and car-pooling. By implementing this idea, the city could use small initiatives to administratively Structure a plan that would have a much larger impact.
Framing and Reframing There are several different stakeholders involved in any traffic congestion problem and each stakeholder will frame the issue differently.The mayor may view the problem as it relates to the city responsibility to implement policies. Citizens may see the problem as it relates to the length of their commute and the frustration it causes, Businesses may frame the problem as how it affects heir productivity if employees are often late to work due to traffic. Stakeholders need to airframe their perceptions to incorporate each others view in order to effectively approach the problem. By understanding each other’s positions, stakeholders can find a new way of framing and approaching the problem.
The mayor should retrace the cists perspective to traffic congestion and take a holistic view to develop initiatives that will make Transportation less dependent on vehicles. Recommendation: The mayor can make it attractive for all stakeholders to benefit from a small initiative by changing the way stakeholders view the problem of traffic congestion. This can be done by creating a tax break for companies that encourage employees to work from home for one day week. The tax break Will kick in once these employees log in remotely through a government tracking system.
The city can also Offer discounted monthly public transit passes for those persons who participate in the work from home program. This plan benefits all stakeholders – in particular it allows the mayor to implement an effective policy with low administrative costs, citizens will be relieved of the stress f commuting to work for one day, businesses will benefit through the tax break, and environmentalists will appreciate that the program lessens CO emissions . 3) Benchmarking Benchmarking to international moving companies (an industry unrelated the mayoral administration).New standards are being set by North American moving companies which have been minimizing the amount to miles driven trot one destination to the other as well as driving during the night. International moving companies are operating much more efficiently by saving time, gas and mileage by creating solutions such as maximizing the number of customers in one trip room one city to the other, as well as moving during the least busy hours of the day. 15% Recommendation Create a program that provides tax incentives to businesses that offer employees the option to work different shifts and promote car-pooling.For instance, companies will receive a tax break if they allow employees to work different shifts (i.
E. , am-pm, am-pm) and co-ordinate these shifts by the area Of the city in Which the employee works to encourage car-pooling. Employees commuting from Richmond Hill can work a different shift than employees working from Misgauging. Such a policy Will be attractive to impasses and employees. For instance, employees Will be able to change their hours and better accommodate their lifestyle needs, while employers benefit from the tax breaks.
The employers should have an incentive program where employees can collect points for the amount of time they take part in this program that translates to cash bonuses, so long as the company can write it off so it doesn’t cost them much and the government incentive to the company is more than the cost of implementing the program. Conclusion: Initially our problem was traffic congestion, but now we have tackled another robber -? reducing the use of oil, which potentially causes heath concerns to residents of Toronto.By reducing traffic congestion we have created opportunities for a healthier and more sustainable environment, Part B: Reflection I) chose the three thinking techniques because I feel that they are the major techniques that develop critical thinking.
Since I’ve learned these concepts in class, I’ve noticed myself trying to apply them to the decisions make at home and at work. I particularly enjoyed the examples that Garret used for challenging the assumptions (Toast’s innovative idea on cost gamma; quality) ND for benchmarking (how a U. S. Auto company cut its accounts payable department down dramatically after benchmarking themselves after the Japanese auto company). With regard to framing and reframing I thought the concept Of the “pig”, and how all stakeholders frame the pig relate to the industry in which work. It reflects the different frames in which people view a problem and how reframing will help them make better decisions.
I think that concept will stick with me for a long time. 2) I’ve learned that many of the concepts taught in class relate to each other in any ways and can be used to compliment another.