Trafficking in persons is a crime that ruthlessly exploits women, children and men for countless reasons, including forced labor and domestic servitude. Pakistan is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. The country’s largest human trafficking problem is that of bonded labor, which is concentrated in Sindh and Punjab provinces, particularly in brick kilns, carpet-making, agriculture, fishing, mining, leather tanning, and production of glass bangles (US Department of State TIP report, 2016). Having a lot of push factors, it one of the places where children, women and men are part of trafficking inside Pakistan, Middle East, Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and in the United States. Parents sell their daughters into domestic servitude, prostitution, or forced marriages, and women are traded between tribal groups to settle disputes or as payment for debts. The US State Department’s trafficking report identifies bonded labor as the major triggering factor behind human trafficking in Pakistan, whereby traffickers or recruiters exploit an initial debt assumed by a worker as part of the terms of employment, which sometimes persists through generations.
HRCP has reported that in most cases, they are given away for amounts of money ranging from US$1,300 to $5,000 by impoverished parents, sometimes in “marriage”; and sometimes to agents who promise lucrative jobs as domestic servants in large cities (HRCP).Rehabilitation homes are being built up, new partnerships are being signed, new protocols andplans are being implemented, but trafficking is still a much serious issue to than its presentstate. In my view, the legislature is still failing to properly prosecute traffickers and addressvictims. Major government corruption and loop-holes in legislature counts for these flaws.Punishment should not be given to survivors, instead they must have a free will to take legalaction against their traffickers. Strong law enforcements at prone areas should be there.
More rescue teams should be set up near the border areas and along with the partnership of trainedpolice and NGO members, suspects should be thoroughly checked and questioned. Dignifiedrehabilitation centres should be set up. The government should hold strict rules for employingwomen in restaurants, bars and the employers should be able to facilitate the employees better.Orphanage homes should be under strict rules and their programs and child counts should bewell monitored.
The involvement of children in factories, brick kilns, transportation sector,small hotels should be monitored. Micro finance loans and study loans should be madeavailable to people from trafficking prone regions, and special awareness should be conductedin these regions. Separate policies for different areas of trafficking, Strict surveillance tomonitor fake documents, and transparency while applying to a job abroad should be provided.Results should be collected from victim centered investigations and co-operation with otheragencies would decrease the load and increase efficiency with better plans.
Long termstrategies to eradicate human trafficking rather than re-victimizing the survivors should beformulated in the host country as well as the country of origin.