Unit standred:`15299 1.1) Explain the principle of Hauora: Principles Explanation of the principles of Hauora based on Maori world view Whanau It depicts birth date and family. Family relationships, feelings and other interpersonal relationships, feeling of belonging compassion and caring all come under whanau.
It gives sense of responsibility, caring and sharing. It contributes towards a child’s identity and well being. There are rules and responsibilities for individual and collectively. Whanau does not include who are alive, whanau remains together in life and death. From Maori world view, children drive their identity from their ancestral characters.
A bond is shared if people are from same area. This bonding offers a sense of social belonging and wellbeing. Whenua It means Land and Placenta, in Maori language.
This action has deep cultural and spiritual importance as land is a source of Maori identity. Maori is a direct descendant of Papatuanuk (Earth mother). A living generation act as guardian of the earth, like ancestor of its ancestor. The tree of life that supports babies during pregnancy, and land that connects to all.
This is based on their deep relationships with their land through their birth and after their ancestor’s birth. Tinana It means physical health in the Maori language. Along with an understanding of body how to make it healthy. Maori consider some aspects in relation to body as secret or special. For example, the head is considered as tapu and one cannot touch another’s head.
Personal physical space is also respected and it is demeaning to their mana to step over someone. Tinana suffers when one is under emotional stress. For Maori, physical health is just one aspect of health and wellbeing and cannot be separated from the aspect of mind, spirit and family. It is believed that physical being supports essence and shatters one from external environment. wairua It refers to spirit as in ancestors. Wairua is recognized as most essential requirement for health and well-being whereas these aspects of Hauora is recognized in western medicine.
The spiritual essence of a person is one’s life force. For the Maori perspective a lack of spirituality can effectively led to lack of wellbeing. A traditional Maori analysis of physical manifestation will focus on Wairau or spirit to determine weather damage here would be contributing factor. Wairua may also explore relationships with the environment that people believe with heritage. Hinengaro The capacity to express one’s emotions and considerations in consistent way.
mental wellbeing with concentrate on feeling, this covers the ability to think and believe and is comprehended that the psyche and body is inseparable. Maori communication through emotions are more important and meaningful as compare to the words is valued just as much. For example, if Maori show what they feel instead of talking about their feelings this is regarded as healthy. Thoughts, feelings and emotions are the integral components of today’s life. 1.
2) Explain the key concepts of Hauora: Key concepts Explanation of key concepts of Hauora Whakapapa In Hauora, whakapapa means genealogical descent of all living things. It relates to the question “Who I am” and “Where I come from”. It also involve deep connection to one’s mother land and ancestors. Whaka means ‘to create, to cause, to bring about, to action. Papa refers to firmament. From one perspective and understanding, Whakapapa means ‘To bring about grounding’ ‘to provide a solid base’.
A strong place to stand, solidity and security is often the first requirement to recovery when all else around the Maori is shaky and insecure. Whakapapa is the certainty when all else may be questionable. Whakapapa is the anchor and the rock upon which the Maori tether ourselves to in the storms of confusion that may come during times of crisis. Hence the importance of Whakapapa to Maori. It serves as an acknowledgement and a reminder of where they came from, of their lineage and heritage. That the chain of whanau, of blood and of birth has remained – unbroken – from the beginning.
Kaitiakitanga It means protection in the Maori language. It relates to the action that ensure a sustainable future for the people. In the Maori world view, people are closely connected to the land and nature. Basically, Kaitiakitanga refers to : the exercise of guardianship by the tangata whenua of an area in accordance with tikanga M?ori in relation to natural and physical resources, and include the ethic of stewardship (section 2 RMA). In the Maori world view people are closely connected to their land and nature because it is the way to managing the environment for present and future generations. Whanaungatanga It can be expressed through the relationships that are developed between families and communities. Whanaungatanga values a wide range of relationships, like family and friendships, and points to feeling of belongingness. It believes that people with more relationships have happy and healthy life.
Relationships are in many shapes and forms like they may be a regular chat with someone based on a shared interest or a long-term loving intimate relationship. Each relationship is unique, because every person is different. And, having a wide range of relationships is important. Relationships are the heart of the community. And a sense of being connected to the community through relationships is at the core of the good life. Whanaungatanga also helps in kinship rights and obligations. It also extends to others that want to make close family, friendship and reciprocal relationships.
Manaakitanga Manaakitanga is a Maori word which means hospitality caring and respect each other. It has important value in the Maori culture because it has responsibility to provide protection to ‘hapu and iwi’. Manaakitanga” is a very important tenet of M?ori custom and identity, which positively influences notions of good care. At its core Manaakitanga is about how we make people feel welcome when they are in our company, and how we give regard to and care for others when hosting visitors” which is used when the Maori come to the health care setting for treatment.
Care to them is provided based on integrity, trust, sincerity and equity. 1.3) from a Maori worldview, explain the association between the principles and key concepts in relation to development and maintenance. Evidence of FOUR associations is required. First Principle Key Concept Development Maintenance Whanau: It refers to deep relationships and feelings into the family.
It gives sense of responsibility, sharing and caring. Whanau contributes to child identity and well being. Whanaungatanga: It is related to the sense of family connection. It is the relationship by which people working together and sharing experience that provides sense of belongingness. The ongoing development of whanau in relation to whanaungatanga is maintain strong bonding that is connected with the genealogy.
Individual should grab more knowledge about their genealogy. Getting information about their tradition and participate in whanau activities. Hinengaro: It mention the ability to express one’s thinking as well as feelings. It focuses on emotions that covers capacity to think and feel. Whanaungatanga: It refers to build strong and trustworthy relationships between people for mental wellbeing. Kaitiakitanga: It means protection that relates to action that ensure a sustainable future for all people. In this, collect information, knowledge, behavior to maintain as well as grow independently.
Enhance knowledge through courses and special classes. Getting involvement within discussion related to topics. Whenua: It refers to ‘land and placenta’ and tells about the relation of Maori people with their land. Whakapapa: It relates to the question ‘who I am’ and ‘from where I come from’.
Whanaungatanga: It can be expressed through the relationships that are developed between families and friends. In this, make contacts with the persons to build up a good relationships with everyone. It can be maintained if a person should know more and more about their ancestors and introduce that to their children.
Tinana: It means physical health in Maori language. Kaitiakitanga: It means protection according to the Maori world view. In Maori physical health is one aspect for social and mental well being as well as it is being supports from external environment. Getting aware people with the making of projects and with discussion on related topics.
Whairua: This context refers to spirit as in ancestors. Whanaungatanga: It means relationships developed through the family and community. It will help to explore relationships and gather knowledge about whakapapa. Getting involved in the family gathering because people with more relationships are health and happier. References: (2018). Retrieved from www.testa.govt.
nz Home – Health & PE. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.health.tki.org.nz Home Birth Aotearoa | Promoting, supporting and resourcing home birth in New Zealand. (2018).
Retrieved from http://www.homebirth.org.nz Scoop – New Zealand News. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.scoop.co.nz