The Way people behave about their health: Definition of health: A relative state in which one is able to function well physically, mentally, socially and spiritually in order to express the full range of one’s unique potentialities within the environment in which one is living. Www.
Medical- dictionary. Com My definition of health: I believe that health Is a persons physical and mental wellbeing, this Is where they are free of diseases and sick news. I don’t believe that just looking at the persons physical abilities establishes weather they are classified as being healthy.
The main concepts of health: The medical concept of health: Medical theorist believes that all conditions and abnormal unwanted behavior are medical problems. According to the medical model, patients should comply with the doctors as they are classified as being the experts. Theorist believe that the patients are not responsible for their illness or conditions, for example theorists have a medical assumption of mental Illness, as they believe that abnormalities lies within the ‘mentally Ill’ Individuals brain, and drugs will be used to correct the chemical imbalance In their brain_Holistic concept of health and the bio-psychosocial model of health: According to this theory Biological, social and psychological, contributes equally to health and mental health.
Holistic means that many parts are taken Into consideration: this means that the ;whole’ Individual Is taken Into account. It looks at influences such as, personal responsibilities for wellbeing, social, psychological and environmental factors that affect health. Complimentary treatment Hypnosis What Is hypnosis?Hypnotherapy is used to alter a patient’s consciousness: although the patient has no intro of themselves they are still highly responsive to suggestions. This method is used in therapy to regain memory loss or to modify behaviors. There is no evidence that hypnotherapy is effective, however this complimentary treatment is incredibly popular.
The history of hypnotherapy: Hypnotherapy was formed as early as 3,000 B. C. In this Common Era priests believed s me noon Ana special annealing power. I en term monopoly came Trot ten Greek word ‘ Hypnosis’, which means sleep.Greek cultures believed that physical and mental health was necessary for ones wellbeing. What happens in the treatment? The therapist builds and maintains a relationship with the client before the hypnotherapy begins; this is done to ensure that the client feels safe and secure. The client then lies in a comfortable position (which is usually lying down) the client will either have head phones on with the sound of the therapists voice or the therapist will talk to them directly in a slow and relaxed tone. What do they claim?Hypnotherapies believe that this method will cure clients who consistently have no control over their bowls, those with anxiety problems, helping one gain confidence, kin irritations which are caused by stress and eating disorders.
Part 2 The theories of behavior change. Health belief model: Rosen stock is the theorist that proposed the ‘Health belief model’. (Add pick). Rosen stock believed that there are two main thought processes which determines people’s behavior, these are: perceived personal threat and cost-benefit analysis.Perceived personal threat means how bad people perceive things to be for themselves, this is made up of personal susceptibility (which is determined by how vulnerable people feel), and seriousness of threat- (which determines how serious active outcomes will be).
The outcomes of these factors are followed by ‘cues to action’ this can be internal or external influences that cause us to think about our health issues. Cost benefit analysis is made of benefits of outcome and costs of action.This means that there is a balance between, the expected advantages of behavior and the disadvantages of behavior and perceived barriers. Lastly this model establishes the likely hood of behavior; this is done by analyzing the perceived threat and the cost benefit analysis. If the perceived threat is lower than he cost-benefit analysis then the likely hood of this behavior would be positive, and the individual will be more likely to seek medical help and follow the doctor’s instructions. The Theory of planned behavior.This theory was proposed by (Zen in 1991) (add pick) Person attitudes are made up of outcome beliefs and outcome evaluations; this means that our beliefs determine the outcome of behaviors and whether we determine the outcome to be worthwhile. Subjective norms means what things we determine to be normal and this is influenced by others opinion.
This is made up of roommate beliefs and motivation to comply. For example if we value our doctor’s opinion then we are more likely to do what they suggest.Personal control beliefs is made up of self-efficacy beliefs and perceived external barriers. Perceived external barriers can override everything else in this model as personal barriers will prevent us from achieving our goals and will discourage us to do things which are important. Intention means: the aim or plan that someone has for themselves. This is made up of: personal attitude, subjective norms and personal control beliefs.
The likelihood of ones behavior is determined by their ‘intentions’ however perceived external Darkles can oh eternal theory. A DAY tents also. I en compliance Ana non- compliance Compliance means: that ‘one’ does what they are told. For example they comply with medical professionals. Compliance is a term that medical professionals use to describe patients who follow advice correctly. For example a patient with a wound may be advised to follow certain procedures for the care of their wound, if the patient follows these steps correctly and effectively then they will be classified as a compliant patient.Non- compliant means: that they do not comply with medical professionals, However this may not necessarily mean that they are being rebellious, for there are many reasons as to why someone may not comply for example they may lead erratic lives and may forget to take prescribed medication or they may heaver different methods in which they believe will work best for their illness or condition. The ‘sick role’ theory.
This theory was proposed by Tailcoat- Parsons. Parsons believed that being sick is more of a social idea rather than a medical one. He believed that we give and take from our society.When we are unwell we cannot give to society, however we are still able to take for example we are given medical care, sick pay and careers.
Unfortunately problems arise when people take long periods of timeout and are and not willing to give back to their society. For example functionalist believe that people who are not actively able to give back to society are disabling the function of the society’s growth and are hindering the society from functioning properly. Part of our sick role is to comply with medical professionals and do what we can to get better, as this will enable us to contribute within our society again.