We all knowDarwin’s theory of natural selection. According to this theory, the organismthat provides the best harmony to nature is more likely to survive or transfergenes to the next generation through natural selection. If we thinksuperficially, it seems that the act of altruism for others is contrary to theidea of ??natural selection. For this reason, our expectation raises thequestion of why altruism behavior is still in the direction of evolutionarydisappearance, but why it can continue to exist strongly.
In here, the explanationsof biologists and psychologists questioning the bases of altruistic behaviorfor many years are the answer to these question marks that arise in our minds.Altruism meansthat although the person brings a material or spiritual burden, it can be foundin voluntary help for others. It usually involves empathy in the context ofbehaving in a way of helping others by sacrificing something. Empathy meansunderstanding the emotions of others and looking at events through theirwindows. To put it more clearly, the individual, who can understand what thefeelings of those who need help and put himself in their place, continues tohelp them, even at the expense of falling under the great burden.
According toevolutionary psychological perspective, we help to our blood relatives toprotect to our own genes.For example, in some birdspecies, birds that are not young carry nutrients to the offspring of otherhybrids, regardless of their kinship. This is quite useful when you think of itas evolutionary.That is, when you need help,it holds a high potential to help you and the individual sees the opposite. Forexample, as in the case of the vampire casualties, the tectonic wounds offertheir blood to their homeless species.
If they cannot feed over a few days, theydie starved for their metabolism. Unhelpful wounds are excluded from the band,and if one day they are hungry, the other wounds will not help them. This isalso important for their continued survival.Another exampleis that a squirrel in a dangerous herd screams loudly and warns other squirrelsaround him about the direction and proximity of the danger. In this movement,it attracts attention and provides hunting by the hunter; but other squirrelsaround him also get the message because of this movement and run away.
Here wesee that there is a transition from cultural evolution to evolution at the genelevel. This behavior, which seems to be sacrificial and disinterested behavior,was made to protect and preserve similar genes rather than the individual’s ownlife.It is expectedthat from the evolutionary perspective, altruism behavior is directed towardsclose relatives whose genealogy is high. However, in some cases we can makegreat sacrifices for those who do not have close blood. Scientists regard thisbehavior as mutual altruism.
While the individual is helping the other, he orshe hopes in a while that he/she will also see help from him or her.