Why I Chose This Topic?
I chose this topic because i was intrigued as to how
extremely small materials would be used in hospitals and in research facilitates
and wanted to know more information.
What are they: Nanomaterials are chemical substances or materials that
are manufactured and used at a very small scale. The average size of a
nanomaterial can range from 1 to 100 nanometres. They are developed to display
characteristics of the same material without nanoscale features, these characteristics
include increased strength and chemical reactivity or conductivity.
What Is It: It is the study and application of extremely small things,
such as nanomaterials, and can be used across all science
How can it be used in medicine: Nanotechnology in medicine involves the
application of nanomaterials currently under development, as well as longer
range research that involves the use of manufactured Nano-robots to make
repairs at the cellular level.
IMPLEMENTATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
Is it yet in use: As of right now the only kind of nanotechnology being
used is nano-sponges. Nano-sponges were developed by researches to absorb
toxins and remove them from the bloodstream. The sponges are made out of
polymer nanomaterials and they are coated with a red blood cell membrane, this
allows them to travel freely in the bloodstream and attract the toxins.
There are many other branches of nanotechnology but they are all still
currently under development. Some of the branches are Drug delivery,
Antimicrobial techniques and one of the major branches is Cell repair.
Nanotechnology in the drug delivery branch revolves around creating nanoparticles
that deliver drugs, heat, light or other substances to specific types of cells,
such as cancer cells. The particles are engineered so that they will be
attracted to disease cells, which will allow them to directly treat those cells
without having to damage other healthy cells in the body and will allow for
earlier detection of the disease.