You may have probably come acrossthat a politician or a lawmaker says that he or she passed an enactment sinceit was beneficial for the large number of residents. Maybe you have heardsomebody saying that their activities and actions are ethically correct sinceit benefit to most of the people. This logic is known as utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the approach thatconsiders the good or bad consequences of any actions, especially the greatestgood for the greatest number. It is thebelief that the sole standard of morality is determined by its usefulness.Utilitarianism has been embraced by so many simply because it seems to make agood deal of sense and seems relatively simple to apply. In any case, when itwas first proposed, utilitarianism was a radical theory. This approach focuseson results rather than rules.
Ultimately the focus on the results demolishedthe rule. Every individual has their ownintuition and that is the reason they are able to differentiate between thegood and the bad. If your own intuition allows you to make the decision even ifthe majority is benefitting, would you? Moreover, each individual has theirown opinions and invalidating one’s opinion or disregarding it is a crime initself. What about the minorities that are facing oppression or beingsacrificed for the benefit of others? We can take this approach and study it intwo aspects. Is it ethical if the minorities agree to it? Then we need to getproof and all but if the minorities are not agreeing to anything and theirrights are being harmed then it is ultimately the worst decision one could makebecause not only is it unethical but it also effects the happiness and isn’thappiness the ultimate goal in everyone’s life. How can you be happy yourselfif you’re not regarding anyone else’s happiness. But when catered to it from otherapproaches, it can be argued that this approach is in fact ethical.
Take forexample the deontological approach according to which any act is unethical aslong as it is being practiced by the majority but is it really? What if you were the one beingsubjected in a situation? Would you still want to perform that act? Your ideaof ethicality varies from situation to situation and also from to person toperson. This is the reason there can never be a definitive answer. Compared to other approaches and incontext to the situation, yes indeed it is ethical but on its own, it isdebatable and in my opinion not really ethical.